Types of tracing paper
matte, embossed without a glossy side – it is a transparent non-calendered paper, suitable for drawing and copying with a pencil on both sides; now it is used as an artistic material for copying or parallel sketching, by overlaying and drawing on top of the source.
with gloss, a paper base with a semi-gloss sheen on one side – thinner and more vulnerable, much thinner and mechanically weaker than pencil tracing paper, often breaks when wet on a wet line. Under mascara
both sides are suitable, the pencil rests only on the matte side – they drew with ink on the glossy side, gloss as a measure against the pigment falling into the depths of the fibers, and a drop in the contrast of the line.
with gloss film, where the glossy side is a supporting transparent film base ( lavsan
), noticeably thicker and stronger than both types of paper, and a thin rough matte coating for drawing is applied to the film itself – only one side is suitable for drawing, less abrasive
for a sliding metal tool than pencil tracing paper.
Tracing paper is usually made from bleached sulfate cellulose with the addition of some types of wood pulp, rag and cotton half-pulp without filler or with a small content of it and is well sized.
Tracing paper can also be made from ready-made glassine. Here is a recipe for making transparent paper from the book “1750 practical techno-chemical recipes” (5th ed., V.I. Gubinsky, p. 22): “Harvey, in London, treats the paper with drying oil and, after removing excess oily particles with gasoline , washed in a chlorine bath; then, after drying, it is treated again with hydrogen peroxide.”
High-quality tracing paper, used for copying drawings in ink and for blueprinting, is heavily moistened during production, calendered under high roll pressure and oiled with film-forming substances. It is the high degree of compaction of relatively plain paper that partially ensures its transparency to light.
The main property of tracing paper is transparency. There are two ways to achieve it:
The second method is more effective, because along with high transparency it allows you to achieve high strength, but it is also more expensive. It is also possible to combine the two methods. It is this path that some modern domestic manufacturers have taken, which has made it possible to obtain a high-quality product while maintaining an acceptable price.
is a thin transparent paper of low density, intended for manual application of images and drawings. Due to its transparency, this material is excellent for hand copying drawings, complex designs, artistic creativity, decoration and designer packaging.
Tracing paper manufacturers endow it with improved properties:
- high whiteness
- uniform transparency
- smooth surface, which is achieved due to the homogeneity of the fibers of the material
- resistance to aging, yellowing
You can apply an image to the surface manually with a pencil, ink, paint, or pen. Using a special eraser, the drawing can be easily removed from the tracing paper.
Over the past few years, our designers have been swept by the fashion for designer tracing paper,
in connection with which the number of similar collections on the Russian market is rapidly
Regent Group of Companies offers tracing papers from world famous manufacturers
designer papers: Transparence and Colors Contact collections from a German factory
Gmund and the Curious Translucents collection of the French company Arjo Wiggins.
The elegant, openwork Transparence collection from Gmund creates a romantic mood.
The collection includes six types of white tracing paper with various embossings: original
“Technics” and “Wind”, antique “Cloud”, romantic “Flowers”, classic laid
“Mirage” and “Lines”.
The last four tracing papers are the most elastic, as they have passed
special surface treatment. This airy, translucent tracing paper conveys
a feeling of lightness, a breath of wind. Cleverly used tracing paper from the collection
Transparence will help give a unique charm to the publication, unattainable with use
The collection is complemented by Eurostandard and C5 envelopes. They’re unlikely to fit
for sending by regular mail, but the message delivered in such an envelope by courier
will not go unnoticed.
Transparence tracing papers are suitable for traditional printing methods and for postpress
processing: offset, silk-screen printing, hot foil stamping and embossing. For offset
For printing (including full-color offset), a raster of 45-80 lines/cm is recommended.
One of the newest developments of the Gmund company is the Regent-Art trading system.
This Contact collection is the first mass-dyed colored tracing paper created specifically
for a specific collection of opaque papers. The color palette that lay down
the basis of the collection, was developed in conjunction with the designer color system
Gmund Colors papers.
The ten colors in this collection are perfect for all
color range (51 colors) of the Gmund Colors collection. They look quite unusual
tracing paper of dark colors. Countless combinations of transparent and opaque
paper allows you to find new unexpected color solutions and create unusual ones
The collection also includes square envelopes and Eurostandard format envelopes
the entire color range.
Tracing paper with a density of 100 g/m2 is suitable for printing on laser and inkjet printers,
which allows you to create unusual presentation works in an office environment. This one
tracing paper is suitable for die-cutting and perforation, as well as for all known bookbindings
The Curious Translucents collection of cripples from Arjo Wiggins is incredibly interesting. This is
a relatively new collection of various types of designer tracing paper, received
On sale in the spring of 2002, it quickly became the vocation of many designers. And this
not surprising: the collection contains colors that are striking in their originality
and mother-of-pearl tracing papers, as well as classic transparent tracing papers with a wide range
densities. All tracing papers in the Curious Translucents collection are made from 100% pure
cellulose without the use of chemical additives.
The collection is divided into two parts – Color and Clear. The first included 16 intensive cripples
flowers and unique mother-of-pearl tracing papers. With their help you can realize the most
bold design fantasies. High-density mother-of-pearl tracing papers are very interesting
(200 g/m2) and rich shades: having a low degree of transparency, they
somewhat reminiscent of ordinary mother-of-pearl papers, but due to their smooth, “crippled”,
the textures look amazing.
The Curious Translucents collection is complemented by three types of envelopes: “Eurostandard”,
C5 and square.
Tracing papers are suitable for all major printing and finishing methods.
Tracing paper with a density of 140 g/m2 and above is suitable for embossing, and foil embossing
You can use tracing paper with a density over 72 g/m2. It is better to acclimatize the day before printing
tracing paper in factory packaging.
The Double V group of companies presents two collections on the Russian market
tracing papers from the German manufacturer Zanders – Spectral and T 2000. These tracing papers
suitable for the manufacture of any decorative elements of printing
products: publications, image brochures, exclusive packaging and much more.
The Spectral collection features tracing papers in 16 intense and pastel colors,
as well as two shades of white. The Spectral color scheme will not leave anyone indifferent
and will become a source of creative inspiration for a talented designer. True,
The range of densities for this collection is small – 100 or 200 g/m2.
The T 2000 collection contains pure cellulose classic white translucent
tracing paper with a wide range of densities. They are suitable for multicolor offset printing
printing, as well as for the production of original layouts, for drawing and copying.
In addition, the assortment of the Double V group of companies includes tracing paper with gold
or silver plating Calque made in Belgium with a density of 112 g/m2,
supplemented with envelopes. There are also translucent papers Zed (Germany), externally
resembling tracing paper. They are available in three shades of white and one ivory
bones. The density of these papers is 250 g/m2.
Bereg Company, exclusive supplier of the company famous for its designer papers
Scottish factory Curtis Fine Papers, presents two
tracing paper collections from this manufacturer – Classic Translucent and Virtual Vision.
The first collection includes translucent white cellulose tracing paper.
They are produced using a chlorine-free method. These tracing papers are widely used at
publishing photo albums, art albums, as well as for making original ones
printing products. Classic Translucent tracing papers are perfect for
offset, letterpress and screen printing (both single-color and full-color).
Varnishing, foiling and folding are possible.
The Virtual Vision collection features tinted tracing paper with textured
surface in six pastel shades of natural origin: “Cactus”, “Desert”,
“Sand”, “Bell”, “Lavender” and “River”. In addition, envelopes are offered,
made from tracing paper of the same series.
Virtual Vision tracing paper recommended for
implementation of non-standard design solutions and are suitable for most methods
printing (offset, silk-screen printing, thermography and laser printing) and post-press
processing (varnishing, embossing, folding, etc.).
Three more collections of tracing paper offered in Russia by the Bereg group – GSK (Golden
Star K), Marina and Pergamenata from the Fedrigoni Group. Translucent pure cellulose
Tracing papers bleached using a chlorine-free method are collected in the GSK collection. In the collection
Marina and Pergamenata include translucent pure cellulose white and tinted
in a mass of paper and cardboard with a smoky pattern and an unusual texture imitating
old parchment (six types in the Marina collection and two in Pergamenta).
Tracing papers of all three collections are suitable for full-color and single-color printing
offset, letterpress and screen printing. They are also adapted for text printing
and images on the plotter. The adhesion of paint to this material depends on the thickness
paint layer and takes quite a long time – about a day.
Who invented tracing paper
Tracing paper is a transparent paper widely used in the USSR for copying various drawings, drawings and diagrams. With the spread of computer technology, it lost its former popularity, however, this thin paper is still used today.
The word “tracing paper” is translated from French as “stencil”, “copy”. As authoritative sources indicate, the exact name of its inventor is not known for certain. This type of paper arose in the 17th century in Germany, in connection with the needs of architects, draftsmen, and engineers who needed to copy this or that drawing or diagram. There is an assumption that the first modern tracing paper was invented by civil engineers, due to the increasing need to accurately copy complex elements of drawings.
Copying was carried out in the usual way “under a stencil”, tracing paper was superimposed on the original, and a contour was drawn along it, appearing under its transparent surface. This copying method has become firmly established in the activities of specialists in various professions and is sometimes used even now.
Medieval craftsmen made the very first “tracing paper” as follows: ordinary paper was soaked in weak alcohol, kerosene or turpentine. So it became more transparent compared to its original state. But this method caused various inconveniences: the paper left stains, it was problematic to draw something on it, etc., which is why the need arose for the tracing paper that is known today.
In Russia, the first industrial production of tracing paper was established in Peterhof at the first state-owned paper mill in 1816. Over time, the production of tracing paper was mastered by other enterprises.
Modern tracing paper can be made either from bleached sulphate cellulose with the addition of wood pulp and semi-cotton pulp with adhesive, or from ready-made glassine. Its main characteristics are density and thickness. To achieve transparency of tracing paper, one of two methods is used – calendering (passing through special rotating shafts) or increasing the degree of grinding. The last method is the most effective, as it adds strength to the paper, but is also more expensive. It is possible to combine these two methods into one production line.
Matte tracing paper without a glossy side, intended for drawing
and copying in pencil, was made from non-calendered paper. Tracing paper, which had a glossy side, was produced in two types: ink and lavsan. Ink tracing paper was distinguished by its thinness and was made on a paper basis. Lavsan tracing paper had a transparent film base on the glossy side.
Pencil tracing paper without gloss, manufactured in the USSR, had such abrasive properties that it was sometimes used as a handy grinding material for copper, brass, and sometimes even steel and glass. For example, with its help, factory calligraphy pens were often brought to the required gliding smoothness. Also, using matte tracing paper, the rounded outer corners of the pen, which scratched the paper, were polished.
Modern tracing paper is used both for drawing with pencil and ink, and for digital printing on plotters, printers and plotters. It is manufactured in accordance with the standards and requirements of GOST. Also, tracing paper is sometimes used in the food industry as a cushioning and packaging material or in the sewing industry for the production of stencils, patterns, etc.
Ordinary paints on tracing paper take a long time to dry – up to a week. And when printing with offset
using this method, tracing paper, like plastic, practically does not absorb paint. Therefore
manufacturers unanimously recommend using only folic acids (self-oxidants)
paints for best results.
Printing on tracing paper is also possible
screen inks, which are perfect for printing on non-absorbent
materials. Tracing paper also prints well digitally, as it can withstand
heating temperature in electrographic devices.
and the methods of printing on tracing paper are identical to those on other materials with non-absorbent
surfaces. When offset printing on tracing paper, it is necessary to reduce to a minimum
use of water (with an acid level of at least pH 5.0) to avoid
emulsification of water on printed elements. To improve wetting in water can
up to 10% alcohol, as well as driers, can be added.
Composition using tracing paper created by the artist
For duplex printing, UV drying is recommended, preferably with heat filters.
After printing, for better drying, you should lay out the tracing paper in small piles.
One of the most common problems when printing on tracing paper is
that it is very difficult to accurately predict the result of the work, since tracing paper is quite
greatly dulls the colors of paints, and this is especially true for colored cripples.
reason a large number of images on tracing paper are printed in one, maximum
in two colors. Since tracing paper absorbs moisture incredibly quickly while working
with it you need to carefully monitor the stability of humidity and temperature indicators
According to Sergei Churusov, technologist at the Regent Group of Companies, in any case
It is necessary to draw the attention of customers to the fact that when working with any paper,
having a non-standard structure of the printed surface, it is recommended to produce
Not everything is simple in post-printing processing. Tracing paper is a very specific material
and therefore requires special treatment. Tracing paper is much denser and stiffer,
than regular paper, which is why it cuts worse. You can cut tracing paper only in small pieces
feet from 2 to 5 cm thick. It is recommended to use carbide knives.
When varnishing, due to low absorbency, it is better to use UV varnishes or varnishes
water based. Coating the matte surface of the tracing paper with a glossy varnish can
give an interesting design effect. And to avoid setting off, it is recommended
Tracing paper is a rather fragile material and not resistant to repeated bending.
Tracing paper must be folded exclusively in the direction of the grain
cellulose. When folding across the grain, a white streak may appear on the tracing paper,
and on high-density tracing paper, cracks may even form.
can also happen with tracing paper of lower density if it is overdried. When folding
thick tracing paper (150 g/m2 and above), preliminary double-sided is recommended
creasing Creasing knives and counter knives must be rounded.
Shade range of the Curious Color collection
Combining tracing paper with other types of paper also requires extreme attention.
Because when the relative humidity of the tracing paper changes due to combination with others
paper, it can be deformed, it is recommended to provide relative
moisture content of the paper in contact with the tracing paper (approximately 50%).
Tracing paper can be embossed, but there are a few important things to keep in mind
nuances. When embossing, difficulties may arise due to the weak tendency
tracing paper to compression and due to its inelasticity. However, the efforts may be worth it
yourself: with embossing, the transparency of the tracing paper disappears, which gives quite
unusual design effect.
Tracing paper embossing also gives interesting results
foil. True, in this case you will have to spend some time on experiments:
you need to very carefully select the types of foil and temperature conditions. For embossing
tracing paper, you can use the same series of foil as for embossing regular paper.
And finally, the binding. For best results, bonding should
be parallel to the fibers. Hot gluing and the use of adhesives are recommended,
that do not contain water (for example, hot melt adhesives) – otherwise the adhesive may become
the cause of warping of tracing paper.
If earlier tracing paper was mainly used for drawing work, today
it is gaining increasing popularity as an exclusive material that allows
make one or another printed product unique. Of course, tracing paper is capricious:
sometimes it is difficult for a designer to imagine what the end result will be,
not to mention the customer.
And although working with tracing paper is not easy, designers who dare
use it in your projects, sometimes you manage to create completely unique ones
things. These can be greeting cards, invitations, brochures, catalogs
products, restaurant menus, art albums and much more. On tracing paper
high densities (200 g/m2 and higher) can print business cards.
Colored or white translucent inserts and tracing paper details add a printing touch
The products have a light, sophisticated and slightly mysterious look. Interesting designs
effects can be achieved by applying tracing paper to opaque paper. For example,
in greeting cards or invitations, inside folded in half
paper with the image, a piece of tracing paper with text printed on it is placed.
Due to the growing interest in this material, global manufacturers of designer
papers began to create extensive collections of various cripples. Color palettes
these collections amaze with their richness and unusualness: tracing papers appeared
interspersed with various particles, tracing paper with a textured surface and mother-of-pearl
radiance – all this diversity creates scope for the designer’s imagination.
Sometimes tracing paper is used instead of color-separated films when making molds
for printing black and white products (for example, books). For multi-page publications
savings can be significant, since the cost of one A4 film
with FNA is about 1 dollar, while a sheet of tracing paper is the same format
will cost 5-6 cents. True, everyone has been using this method lately
As soon as a page is updated in Wikipedia, it is updated in Wiki 2. Usually almost immediately, sometimes within an hour.
|Surface Alkali pH
Like everything original and unusual, tracing paper is a rather whimsical material. She
incredibly sensitive to changes in humidity in the room where it is stored. Therefore
It is best to store tracing paper in its original packaging. Sealed packaging must
stored in a dry, ventilated area with a stable climate (temperature
and humidity should not fluctuate significantly during the day).