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All tests

  • Topic test
    Analysis of the poem “I was raised by harsh nature” by N. Zabolotsky
    5 questions

  • Topic test
    Analysis of the poem “No Sounds Needed” by D. Merezhkovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Hello, Russia” by N. Rubtsov
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I am not with those who abandoned the earth” by A. Akhmatova
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Change” by B. Pasternak
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Poems about Petersburg” by A. Akhmatova
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Poems to Blok” by M. Tsvetaeva
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “To the Slanderers of Russia” by A. Pushkin
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Testament” by N. Zabolotsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Poems about Moscow” by M. Tsvetaeva
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Prayer” by M. Tsvetaeva
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I. I. Pushchin!” A. Pushkina
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Day and Night” by F. Tyutchev
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Spring in the Forest” by B. Pasternak
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Cranes” by R. Gamzatov
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I Love” by V. Mayakovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “When trouble fell on me” by K. Kuliev
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Hamlet” by B. Pasternak
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Rus” by A. Blok
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Night” by V. Mayakovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem by K. Simonov “Do you remember, Alyosha, the roads of the Smolensk region…”
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of Zhukovsky’s poem “The Coming of Spring”
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of Anna Akhmatova’s poem “The Gray-Eyed King”
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “July is the crown of summer…”
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Small Forest. The steppe and the distance…” S. Yesenina
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Don’t let your soul be lazy” by N. Zabolotsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “At the Bottom of My Life” by A. Tvardovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “The fields are compressed, the groves are bare…” by S. Yesenin
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Grandmother’s Tales” by S. Yesenina
    5 questions

  • Topic test
    Analysis of the poem “Snowball” by N. Nekrasov
    1 question

  • Topic test
    Analysis of the poem “In the Evenings” by N. Rubtsov
    5 questions

  • Topic test
    Analysis of the poem “Yesterday, at six o’clock…” by N. Nekrasova
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “The last flowers are miles away…” by A. Pushkin
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I know, it’s not my fault…” by A. Tvardovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I am not looking for harmony in nature” N. Zabolotsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Wake me up early tomorrow” by S. Yesenin
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “The snow will darken blue” by A. Tvardovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Autumn” by N. Karamzin
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Prayer” by A. Akhmatova
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Evening” by A. Fet
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “I don’t regret, I don’t call, I don’t cry” by S. Yesenin
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Clouds” by M. Lermontov
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Book” by G. Tukay
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “An extraordinary adventure that happened to Vladimir Mayakovsky in the summer at the dacha” by V. Mayakovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Quiz
    Analysis of the poem “Village” by A. Pushkin
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Summer Evening” by A. Blok
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “I was killed near Rzhev” by A. Tvardovsky
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Elegy” by A. Pushkin
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Winter Morning” by A. Pushkin
    5 questions

  • Topic Test
    Analysis of the poem “Trinity” by I. Bunin
    5 questions

Information on types of folding of printed materials

1 fold parallel to the short side

One fold in the middle parallel to the short side.

Practice:
This type of fold is often used on invitations or greeting cards for weddings and birthdays.

1 fold parallel to the long side

One fold in the middle parallel to the long side

Practice:
This format is very popular for creating menus.

2 folds, zigzag fold

Zigzag fold 2 times forward and backward alternately in the form of the letters “N” or “Z”.

Even folding so all pages are the same size.

Practice:
For example, if you fold A4 paper in a zigzag pattern, it will fit DIN envelopes. Therefore, this type of fold is often used for mailing. The zigzag fold is the most popular type of fold for folders, folded flyers, or flyers.

3 folds, zigzag fold

Threefold zigzag fold is folded back and forth alternately. The 3 folds resemble the shape of the letter “M” or “W”.

Folded evenly, so all 4 sides are the same size.

Practice:
This type of fold is especially popular for movie or party program flyers.

2 folds, folded inward

2-fold addition, one part is inside, as if “wrapped”. This side should be 2 mm shorter. Otherwise, you will not be able to close the flyer properly.

When creating a layout, you must follow the reverse order of sizes:
Side 1 (outer):

– the left third is shorter (-2 mm), the middle (back of the flyer) and the right side (header) are the same width
Side 2 (inner):

– here the right third is shorter, the middle and left sides are the same width

If the folded format is “x”, please note the following calculation results for the dimensions in the layout:

x x (x – 2 mm) = open format (inside)

Example for closed size 141 x 297 mm (open A3, 420 x 297 mm):
141 mm 141 mm 138 mm (140 – 2 mm)

Exception for open format A4 (297 x 210 mm):
100 mm 100 mm 97 mm (100-3 mm)

Practice:
This format is ideal for informational and promotional leaflets and anything else that needs to fit in a DIN envelope.

3 folds, inward fold

3 fold spiral fold. The title page wraps around two folded sides.

The title page and back page follow the final folded format and are the same size. The sides that are folded inward should be 2mm narrower. The narrowest side is the one that folds inward first!

When creating a layout, you must observe the reverse order of sizes:
Side 1 (outer):

– the left part is the narrowest (x – 4 mm), the next part on the left is 2 mm shorter than the main ones, the second part on the right and the rightmost part (title page) have the same width
Side 2 (inner):

– the right part is the shortest (x – 4 mm), the second part on the right is 2 mm shorter than the main ones, the middle and left parts are the same size

If the folded format is “x”, please note the following calculation results for the dimensions in the layout:

x x (x – 2 mm) (x – 4 mm) = open format (inside)

Example for folded format 99 x 210 mm (open 390 x 210 mm):
99 mm 99 mm 97 mm 95 mm

Practice:
This format is ideal for information leaflets and programs.

2 folds, window fold

Two folds resemble window sashes. In the middle, the folded edges of the paper touch. The two front pages are the same width, which is half the width of the back side.

Practice:
This type of fold is especially popular on wedding cards with clasps.

How to correctly fold a drawing in format a0, a1, a2, a3 for filing

Categories: Lessons on drawing, engineering graphics and outline
/ Articles

The process of folding drawings in professional printing is called folding. The word comes from the German falzen – to bend. In printing, folding is used to fold notebooks, books, newspapers, drawings and any other printed materials. The purpose of folding printed sheets is to bring them to a single format to obtain a finished printed publication. Well, the fold line itself is a fold. The number of folds may vary depending on the original format and what format you want to achieve. Folding methods differ in the relative position of the folds relative to each other; these are a parallel method, perpendicular and combined. In the parallel version, all folds are parallel to each other, in the perpendicular version, they are perpendicular, but in the combined method, the previous two are used.

It should be noted that folding can be done either manually or using special devices.

Manual folding of drawings

is an operation that is completely performed by humans. At the same time, the process itself occurs in accordance with certain standards, regulated by GOST, but more on that below. An important aspect of hand folding is care and precision. As for the automatic method, special machines are used for this, the services of which can only be used in printing houses. In St. Petersburg, for example, there are such in

Copy Center

.

The meaning of automated folding is the same – folding a large volume into a small one, only the whole process occurs automatically, but under the supervision of a specialist. Many believe that the manual method is more accurate, since an experienced folder has complete control over the process, but modern folding machines will give any professional a head start due to speed and quality.

Why is it necessary to fold large sheets into small ones? For example, the completion of coursework or diploma projects is almost always accompanied by several drawings in A1 or A0 format, so after defending the work, all of them must be folded in a special way. So, any format must be reduced to A4 format, because the drawings are attached at the end of the folder with the thesis itself. This significantly saves space in the archives, since there is no need to create a separate rack for storing them. Most often in technical universities, in subjects devoted to drawing, they explain

how to fold drawing A1 into A4 according to GOST

. If there is a problem over time, which often happens during a session, or the volume of material is very large (let’s say 100 pieces), you can quickly print and fold the required number of drawings in special companies. In St. Petersburg there are addresses where printing and folding are done

on the website

.

Actually, the requirements of the standard allow folding to be carried out using two methods: folding into a folder, or folding directly for stitching. How to correctly fold a drawing in A1, A2, A3 format?
Yes, it’s very simple, for this you need to be guided by the dimensions of the A4 format, namely 210 mm by 297 mm. When folding into a folder, any format is simply converted to A4 format, but the difference between folding for stitching is that the width of the A4 format is neglected, focusing only on the height – 297 mm. This is done in order to leave a certain distance on the left side for the holes through which the drawings will be stitched.

In order to correctly fold a drawing of any format, you must adhere to the basic rules. After folding, the sheet itself should look such that the main inscription appears on the front side, which is located in the lower right corner. Folding must be done first along lines perpendicular to the main inscription and only then along parallel lines. You can also consider these lines to be longitudinal and transverse, respectively. If you adhere to these simple rules, then the question of how to correctly fold drawings A1, A2, A3 will never arise.

As mentioned above, many people recognize that manual folding of drawings is a simple, albeit rather labor-intensive method. The advantage is that the “stacker” himself controls the entire process. Making manual folding is quite simple if you follow the principles described above, and also look at GOST 2.501-88 when folding. There is no description of the process itself, but quite clear diagrams will help in this process. And if you imagine defending a thesis project or course work, then after the speaker’s story (if everything is good and a retake is not planned), it is necessary to “pack” all the schemes into a folder with the work on the spot, the speaker will have a reason to “show off” additional knowledge about volume, how to fold drawings for filing manually
.

Now let’s get even closer to the issue of folding, one might say closely, and let’s talk about the folding pattern. Schemes for each of the A0, A1, A2 and A3 formats can also be seen in GOST. But GOST is a small and inconvenient book with small handwriting. Therefore, below we will try to explain “in words” the process of manual folding.

A0 folding
– This is the most difficult process of folding a sheet of paper due to its size. There are two folding options, as mentioned above: folding into a folder and folding for binding. When folding into a folder (this is a simpler method), you need to start on the right side, from the side where the title block of the drawing is located. Don’t forget that we bring everything to A4 format. So, on the right side we measure the width of the A4 format – 210 mm. On A0 format you will get 5 such segments, the sixth will be shorter than 210 mm. We fold along these longitudinal lines like an accordion, but not forgetting that the main inscription should remain on the front side. Next is cross folding. Also, from the lower right corner we measure up the height of the A4 format – 297 mm. There will be two such segments, and the third will be shorter than 297 mm. We carry out the folding in the same way, with an “accordion”, while the segment that is shorter than 297 mm should ultimately end up at the bottom, and the main inscription on the front side. If folding is done for stitching, then the scheme is similar, with the exception of the length of the segments. We also start from the lower right corner and measure 4 segments of 190 mm each, then measure 210 mm from the left end of the sheet. Between the four segments on the right side and one segment on the left there will be a small segment that needs to be divided in half. Cross folding is carried out similarly to the “folder” method, but on the upper left corner you need to measure 105 mm and make a slight bend. Next, we perform accordion folding, not forgetting that the main inscription should be on the front side.

Складываем чертеж А0

A1 folding
can be performed for horizontally located drawings and vertically located ones, using the “folder” method and for stitching. On the horizontal drawing, from the right corner, a dash of 210 mm segments is measured for longitudinal folding; the fourth segment will be shorter. And one segment of 297 mm is measured upward from the lower right corner, the rest will again be shorter. Folding is done in the same way as folding A0 format, taking into account that the main inscription should be on the front side. The vertical drawing works out a little differently. From the right corner upward, two segments of 297 mm each plus the remainder are measured, and two segments of 210 mm each are measured across the width. We fold it like an accordion, so that the section shorter than 210 mm ends up on the right side. When folding for stitching for a horizontal drawing, measure two 190 mm segments from the lower right corner, then 1 210 mm segment from the left side, and divide the remaining distance between them in half. At the top we put one segment of 297 mm. And don’t forget to make a small bend at the upper left corner, measuring 105 mm. Folding is carried out similarly to the A0 format. When stitching vertical drawing A1, we measure two 297 mm segments from the bottom right corner upwards, and one 210 mm segment from the bottom left corner, dividing the remaining distance in half. We also make a fold at the upper left corner, at a distance of 105 mm. We fold it, not forgetting about the main inscription on the front side.

Складываем чертёж А1

Складываем А1 способ 2

A2 folding
even simpler, although it is already clear that the smaller the original sheet, the easier it is to fold it. The “to folder” method is also possible for horizontal and vertical drawings. With a horizontal arrangement, similar to the description above, we measure two segments of 210 mm from the bottom, and one from the top – 297 mm. We fold it like an accordion, but in this case we simply fold the upper remainder after longitudinal folding. If the drawing is vertical, then measure one segment 210 mm from below, and one segment upward, but 297 mm. We leave the main inscription on the front side and fold it, first longitudinally, then transversely. When stitching a horizontal drawing on the left side, measure 210 mm, divide the remaining distance in half, measure 297 mm upwards. At the upper left corner we make a bend of 105 mm and fold it, first longitudinally, then transversely. If the image is vertical, then measure up 297 mm, from the left edge 105 mm, and from the right 190 mm plus at the upper left corner we make a fold and fold.

A3 folding.
With the “in the folder” method, for both horizontal and vertical drawings, we measure 210 mm along the bottom edge, and measure 297 mm up. Fold longitudinally, then transversely. If we fold for stitching, then in both versions of the drawing we measure upward a segment of 297 mm. For a horizontal drawing, measure 190 mm on the right, 105 mm on the left, for a vertical drawing on the right, 190 mm, and 43 mm on the left. We fold similarly to the methods described above. And let us immediately note that A4 folding, as an independent format, is not performed, since such a drawing is ideally filed in a folder with a diploma or term paper.

So, we figured out the question of how you can create a drawing of any format yourself, using the requirements of GOST. But it is worth noting that you can also resort to automated folding of drawings, which is also carried out in accordance with GOST. About how to print the drawing and fold the drawing
specialists from professional printing houses know. For example, you can come to the Copy Center, print and fold it on the spot. GOST  folding of drawings
a fairly common service that is constantly in demand. This involves the use of special machines programmed for the dimensions that were described above in the folding of drawings of various formats. In addition, such machines can most often perform creasing, but this is necessary when folding thick types of paper or cardboard. Before the folding process, creasing is performed – pressing the paper in before folding, which greatly simplifies the process. You can download the drawings so that you can then print and fold them here.

And one more important question. If there is no need for folding and further binding of the drawings, then you can simply roll it into a tube. A small nuance is how to fold drawing A1
, the most important thing is to roll the side with the image inward, so as not to damage it. A tube is often a plastic tube with a carrying handle that opens on both sides. Inside it is, of course, as smooth as possible, but there is still a chance of scratching the drawing. Therefore, if there is no need for folding and you are interested in the question: how to fold A1 drawings and other formats, then the best solution would be to use a special carrying tube.


Total test accessible environment 2022 – answers in the field of culture

Cultural workers, representatives of regional and municipal executive authorities, youth policy, as well as students of children’s art schools and colleges are invited to participate in the action. It is expected that the “Total test “Accessible environment in sphere of culture” will cover over 30 constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

At the end of the event, all participants will receive electronic certificates for passing the “Total test “Accessible environment in the field of culture”.

The key goal of the event is to raise the level of awareness of Russian citizens in the field of inclusion and draw attention to the issues of creating an accessible and comfortable environment for people with disabilities in the field of culture.

Choose the most correct wording to use in communication.

Are sign languages ​​different from country to country?

  • Yes, each country can have its own sign language

Is it possible to go to any cultural institution accompanied by a guide dog?

No, guide dogs are allowed, but only in some cultural institutions

You can go to a cultural institution, but you cannot enter the auditorium or buffet with a dog

  • Yes, access is allowed if there is a document confirming the special training of the guide dog

a person with a guide dog must have a dog passport and a document confirming visual impairment. Before attending a cultural event, it is better for the owner to call the institution and warn that a guide dog will come with him. The dog needs to be walked before a long event. The guide dog, who comes with the owner to a public place, must have a harness with the inscription “guide dog”, a collar, a leash, and a muzzle.

Who is a sign language interpreter?

A specialist who helps with reading printed texts and sounding them out to a blind person

  • A specialist who translates oral speech for people with hearing impairments and reverse translation into oral speech

Sign language interpreter
this is
specialist in translating oral speech into sign language and vice versa. This
This type of nonverbal communication combines gestures, facial expressions and articulation. Millions of people around the world communicate in sign language, and in some countries, for example, Iceland and New Zealand, it has been given the status of a second official language.

A specialist who describes objects, space or actions that are incomprehensible to a blind or visually impaired person without special verbal explanations

Which categories of visitors require typhosophone translation when taking a museum excursion?

People with hearing impairment (deaf, hard of hearing)

People with visual impairments (blind, visually impaired)

  • People with simultaneous hearing and vision impairment (deaf-blind)

Typhlosurdo translation – direct and reverse translation of verbal and visual information, carried out by a specialist translator to a disabled person
,
having
violations
functions
rumor
and
vision
, in sign language or through fingerprint speech.

How to communicate with a visitor with a speech impairment:

  • Wait until the person finishes the phrase without interrupting him. If necessary, ask a clarifying question

Help a person by finishing phrases for him

Speak back loudly

In what cases can a creative team be considered inclusive?

If at least one team member is a person with a disability

  • If the creative team creates artistic works accessible to people with disabilities

If at least 30% of the participants in the creative team are people with disabilities

Who should you contact if you want to communicate information to a person with a disability?

To an accompanying person or sign language interpreter, sign language interpreter

Directly to the person

  • Depending on the type of disability

What wording is better to choose when communicating with a person with visual impairment?

Look at this picture

It is incorrect to offer something like this to a blind person

For what categories of visitors is it important to duplicate voice information accompanying video materials using subtitles?

For people with speech impairments

For people with visual impairments

  • For the hearing impaired

For people with all types of sensory impairments

At the entrance to the building you notice a visitor with a white cane. What should I do?

Wait until the person contacts you

He definitely needs my help, I’ll take his hand and help him get to his destination faster

  • I will turn to the person and correctly ask if he needs help, if help is needed, I will clarify what kind of help and I will try to provide it

A visually impaired person asked you to tell him how to get to the main hall. Your actions?

I will grab the visitor by the arm and lead him along

I will introduce myself, clarify how you can contact a person, guide him and continue moving together

Refer to being very busy and correctly refuse the request

  • To whom should the signal from the help button for a person with a disability be transmitted?

Ambulance or security guard on duty

To the administrator at the reception desk

An employee who has been trained to provide the necessary assistance

Are there recommendations for the number of visitors with disabilities in excursion groups?

Yes, they depend on the skills of the employees and their special training in conducting excursions for people with disabilities

Yes, depending on the type of disability of the tourists

    No similar recommendations
  • You need to send materials to the visually impaired person to study and complete the task independently. Your actions?

    • It is necessary to clarify in what format and where it will be convenient to send these materials: by mail, on a social network or in a messenger, in the format of a text message or document

    Do not ask clarifying questions so as not to seem tactless

    Send materials in a format convenient for you

    What should be provided for the comfort of a person with autism spectrum disorders when visiting a cultural site?

    Post information on the website about what time the site has the least number of visitors

    Provide quiet areas where visitors can relax

    Possibility to download step-by-step instructions for visiting the site to your phone or tablet in advance

    Order tickets through the online ticket office in order to avoid the queue at the entrance

    What indicator is used to assess the level of accessibility of cultural services for people with disabilities?

    Percentage of employees trained in providing services to people with disabilities and how to provide the necessary assistance

    Number of activities available for people with mobility, visual and hearing impairments

    Availability of employees providing assistance to people with disabilities, in accordance with the administrative and administrative act of the organization

    Availability of inclusive creative groups based on cultural and leisure institutions

    • All listed indicators

    When might a patron who uses a wheelchair need assistance in the library?

    Take books from the top shelf

    Take books from the bottom shelf

    • Take books from the top and bottom shelves

    When providing library services to people with disabilities, which services are NOT required? Indicate what is redundant.

    Informing people with disabilities about accessible public transport routes

    Possibility of getting a person with a disability into and out of a vehicle in front of the library entrance with the help of library staff

    Accompanying people with disabilities and visual impairments on the library premises

    • Duplication of all books from the library catalog in embossed dot Braille

    Providing people with disabilities with necessary services remotely

    How to build communication with a person with a hearing impairment when providing services at a cultural facility?

    Stand in such a way that the interlocutor can clearly see the speaker’s face. Speak slowly and articulate clearly with your lips

    Suggest a written method of communication: pen and paper, or use a text field in notes on your phone or tablet

    Use sign language, including using a sign language interpreter or using a sign language interpreter via video conferencing

    Use equipment for automatic subtitling of spoken language

    • All listed options are valid

    What is the best way to help a blind student sit in a chair?

    Bring his back to the chair and sit him on the chair

    Describe the place where the chair is and move away

    • Bring him closer to the chair and put the hand of the blind person on the back of the chair

    Which rule does NOT apply to making museums accessible to people with disabilities? Indicate what is redundant.

    Training of cloakroom workers, elevator operators, hall supervisors, kiosk sellers and buffet staff on the rules of providing services and communicating with visitors with disabilities

    Providing services using Russian sign language

    • Providing free excursion services for people with disabilities

    Availability of information on the procedure for providing services performed in embossed dotted Braille, as well as an audio circuit at the reception.

    For which categories of visitors should it be possible to view permanent exhibitions, collections and museum objects?

    Only for people with sensory impairments (hearing and vision)

    Only for people with mental disabilities

    Only for people using a wheelchair

    • For each category of people with disabilities

    How can I ensure that interactive exhibits are accessible to someone who uses a wheelchair?

    Use touch screens and buttons

    Duplicate information about the exhibit in embossed dotted Braille

    • Place controls at a height of 45 to 100 cm from the floor

    All listed options are correct

    What is Braille?

    Character coding system

    • Relief dot tactile font

    Flat-printed enlarged font

    For which categories of visitors from among people with disabilities should libraries provide special conditions for the accessibility of facilities and services?

    For people with visual impairments

    For people with hearing impairment

    For people using wheelchairs

    For people using guide dogs

    • For all listed categories of people with disabilities

    What is a “sensory object map”?

    Navigation layout adapted for people with sensory impairments (vision or hearing)

    Tactile map for visually impaired and blind people with various relief symbols

    • Map showing areas of excess noise, lighting and sensory relief rooms

    The sensory safety map shows recommended locations for people with reduced sensory thresholds.

    What color scheme is optimal when creating a tactile exhibit?

    • Fragments of the tactile exhibit should be contrasting in relation to both each other and the exposure

    If you are making color models, you may need to adapt the color, increase brightness and contrast, or add outlines. For advice on issues of color and relief height, you can contact typhlopedagogues.

    The color of the tactile exhibit must match the original

    Tactile exhibits must in all cases be made in yellow signal color

    Is ensuring accessibility of educational organizations and the educational process for children with disabilities mandatory for educational organizations?

    • Yes, the organization is obliged to fulfill the requirements of an adapted educational program and an individual rehabilitation program for a disabled person

    No, the educational organization itself decides what special conditions it creates for receiving education

    Which elements are NOT relevant to website accessibility for people with disabilities? Indicate what is redundant.

    Contrast of text and visual elements relative to the site background

    Scaling page and font size

    Providing a text alternative for audio content

    • Yellow digital accessibility markings

    What is the recommended size for a tactile exhibit?

    On a scale of 1:1 to the original

    Enlargement or reduction in scale is allowed when providing information about the size of the original

    What does a certificate of accessibility of a cultural facility and services for people with disabilities include?

    Assessment of existing shortcomings in ensuring accessibility conditions for people with disabilities

    Time frames and scope of work required to bring the facility into compliance with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation

    Management decisions necessary to bring services to people with disabilities in accordance with the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation

      All listed options

    What should NOT be posted when making parks accessible? Indicate what is redundant.

    Tactile mnemonic diagrams

    • Adapted small architectural forms

    Separate areas for people with disabilities who use wheelchairs

    Radio information and sound orientation systems

    What indicator is used to assess the accessibility of a cultural object for people with disabilities?

    Equipping the facility with assistive devices and adaptive means for access by people with disabilities

    Ensuring individual mobility for people with disabilities and opportunities for independent movement around buildings and throughout the facility

    Equipment for hidden automatic audio commentary and subtitling of performances, concerts, cinema and other cultural and leisure events

    Availability of a website that takes into account the requirements of digital accessibility standards, and placement on the website of information about the accessibility of the object for people with disabilities

    • All listed indicators

    What measures do cultural organizations located in rented premises take if these premises cannot be adapted for people with disabilities?

    Conclude agreements with the landlord on the owner’s compliance with the requirements to ensure accessibility for people with disabilities

    • Include in the lease agreement provisions on the impossibility of ensuring the accessibility requirements of the facility for people with disabilities

    Obtain consent from a public association of people with disabilities that they cannot provide accessible services to people with disabilities

    Where is it recommended to place the tactile exhibit?

    In a room specially equipped for visitors with disabilities

    Provide upon request of the visitor to avoid wear and tear of the tactile copy

    What measures should be taken by the owner (user) of a cultural heritage object in cases where the object cannot be fully adapted for the needs of people with disabilities?

    Measures must be taken to ensure that an accessible environment is created at the site until adaptation work is carried out

    Facility employees have the right to refuse people with disabilities access to the facility, citing the lack of accessibility conditions for people with disabilities

    The official website of the facility should provide information about the impossibility of visiting the facility by people with disabilities

    Where should special contrasting stripes be placed on the steps of staircases?

    Only on the bottom step

    Only on the top step

    • On the upper and lower steps

    In accordance with the Code of Practice SP 59.13330-2022, it is a mandatory requirement to apply contrasting anti-slip stripes on the edge (top and bottom) steps of any flights of stairs, regardless of the number of steps. In accordance with the current classification given in the State Standard GOST R 51671–2022 “Technical means of communication and information for general use, accessible to people with disabilities. Classification. Requirements for accessibility and safety”, such warning contrast stripes are classified as technical means of signaling.

    On each step of the flight of stairs

    In the absence of a ramp (or the architectural ability to install one), what device can be used by a person using a wheelchair to negotiate the stairs?

    Pneumatic manipulator

    Hydraulic tilter

    Portable rollator

    What mandatory accessibility requirements for people with disabilities apply to cultural heritage sites?

    Location of special parking spaces for people with disabilities as close as possible to the entrance to the building or structure

    Providing access to and egress from a cultural heritage site, including for visitors using wheelchairs

    Providing an alternative method of overcoming height differences made by means of steps

    Accompanying people with disabilities, visual impairment or independent movement

    Admission of a guide dog to the site together with a visually impaired person

    • All listed requirements

    Should an educational organization adapt the educational program in accordance with the conclusion of the psychological, medical and pedagogical commission (PMPC) and the individual program of rehabilitation and habilitation (IPRA)?

    • Yes, the educational organization is obliged to take into account all the requirements of the IPRA and the conclusion of the PMPC

    No, the conclusion of the PMPC is advisory in nature and can be partially implemented, depending on the organization’s resources

    No, the educational organization itself decides what special conditions for receiving education it creates

    Is it illegal to evade accessibility requirements or deny services to people with disabilities?

    It is not an offense if visiting a facility or receiving a service is not intended for people with disabilities, or it is not possible to provide the service

    • Is an administrative offense. Fine for officials – up to 50 thousand rubles, for legal entities – up to 500 thousand

    Is a criminal offense

    What is typhlotechnics?

    Rehabilitation products for people with hearing impairments

    • Assistive devices and technologies for people with visual impairments

    Assistive technologies for people with mental disabilities

    What library equipment is necessary to ensure access for people with disabilities to library collections?

    According to Law No. 181-FZ “On Social Protection of Disabled Persons in the Russian Federation”, the state guarantees a disabled person the right to receive
    necessary information. The acquisition of periodical, scientific, educational, methodological, reference and fiction literature for people with disabilities, including those published on tape cassettes and in embossed dotted Braille, for municipal libraries is an expense obligation of the local government.

    Speech synthesizers and other specialized software

    Braille displays for working with text

    Enlargers for reading printed publications

    Tifloflash players for reading “talking” books in a special format

    • All of the above options are correct

    Which method of transmitting information about the relief of a museum exhibit is preferable?

    If the exhibition contains significant sounds, for visitors who are deaf or hard of hearing
    It is advisable to write about this in the accompanying texts. Moreover, you can
    place text next to the audio/video exhibit that conveys a brief content
    or description (synopsis). It is recommended to write this text in the format “simple
    words.” However, the best solution for deaf and hard of hearing visitors
    is the translation of texts into RSL

    Extending the relief on an enlarged scale for tactile perception and conveying the contours of the object

    • Placement of an audio recording with a description of the relief at the exhibit

    Transfer of the relief of the exhibit is not necessary

    Which of the following technologies provides alternative presentation of information for deaf students?

    Simultaneous translation of speech video content into Russian sign language

    Specially created subtitles for speech video content

    How many tactile exhibits are museums required to place?

    Museums are not required to include in their exhibition exhibits that are accessible to tactile perception in the absence of funding

    • At least 4 tactile exhibits in each section of the exhibition

    The Ministry of Culture obliges museums to have at least 4 tactile objects in each section
    exposition. Order of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation of November 16, 2022 No. 2803.

    At least 15 tactile exhibits for the entire museum

    What equipment in the assembly hall of a cultural institution will help ensure the accessibility of audio information for people using hearing aids?

    Induction loops (FM systems)

    Sound Beacons

    What assistive equipment in the auditorium will make information accessible to people with visual impairments?

    Loudspeakers

    • Radio headsets for audio commentary

    Ticker

    What assistive technologies make museums accessible to visitors with visual impairments?

    • All of the above options are correct
  • Stage four: stitching the volume

    • Select a cover.
      Documents with a permanent shelf life are placed in cardboard covers specially designed for permanent storage documents (Fig. 1). It’s easier to find them on the websites of online stores, rather than in retail stores – the product is not the most popular, so people often forget to put it on the counter.

    The cardboard binder is complemented by a flexible wide spine with an adhesive layer. The top and bottom covers have a crease with a 25 mm indentation from the left edge, which allows you to leaf through the case like a book and copy sheets without difficulty.

    A volume with this cover looks like an ordinary book, only in a large format. Volumes designed in this way can be placed vertically on a shelf without fear that they will bend, crushing the contents.

    • Making the cover.
      If management considers it too expensive, the secretary will have to pick up scissors, cardboard and create the covers himself. However, you can make decent covers only if you can find high-quality cardboard, cut into sheets equal to or slightly larger than A4. Nothing good will come from the usual “For children’s creativity”.

    To make your own cover, you will need cardboard, a sheet of vinyl vinyl (a durable, waterproof paper-based binding material) and double-sided tape.

    The principle of stitching purchased and homemade covers is the same:

    1. Place the bottom cover, documents and top cover together, drill and sew the binding.

    2. Wrap the soft material (if you make it yourself, a strip of vinyl vinyl) down behind the bottom cover and stick the tape tightly at the bottom (Fig. 2).

    As a result, the homemade cover will look almost the same as in Fig. 3.

    • Use a hole punch.
      Since documents are stitched in 4 punctures, it is better to use special hole punchers for 4 punctures, which punch a stack of documents from 150 to 300 sheets at a time (Fig. 4, 5).

    You can also use a regular hole punch for 10 sheets with two holes, however, you will have to punch these ten sheets twice. The distance between the four holes should be 8 cm (in accordance with the recommendations of GOST 1791472 “Covers for long-term storage cases. Technical conditions”), so the value on the meter should be set to “888”.

    Before punching holes in the volume, you need to arrange the case documents in the following order:

    1) internal inventory (if it was created);

    2) case documents;

    3) certification sheet.

    • Select a needle and thread.
      The sewing needle is too small, it is better to use a bag needle (the so-called “gypsy”) – long (about 12 cm) and with a wide eye. You will need a strong thread, but you can fold it several times using regular thread. You can also sew with bank twine, but it is not easy to thread it even into a “gypsy” needle.

    The length of the thread for a standard volume is approximately 1 meter. It is best to determine the optimal length for yourself experimentally – already on the third volume you sew it will become clear how much it will be needed. There is no need to tie a knot at the end of the thread, as with normal sewing – the ends will still be cut to the optimal length.

    The direction of the needle and thread when sewing a tom is shown in Figure 6.

    After both ends of the thread are pulled out from the back of the volume, they are tied (not tightly, so that the volume can not only be opened, but also, if necessary, make a copy of any document, but also not loosely, so that the sheets of the file do not ” walked”) and are circumcised.

    Please note: in general and personnel records management, it is not necessary to draw the ends of the threads from the inside of the cover and fasten them with a certification sticker. The ends are trimmed and, if possible, hidden under the cover. If there is no cover, they are simply displayed from the inside without any further manipulation.