Tracing paper

Other uses of tracing paper

What is tracing paper in the kitchen? This is a material that does not absorb or allow fat to pass through. The dough does not stick to such paper. Therefore, tracing paper is often placed in baking dishes, on sheets. It is used to roll rolls from minced meat and other soft ingredients.

Making tracing paper

Regular tracing paper is produced in rolls and packs of sheets of standard sizes. It is made from bleached cellulose and wood pulp, ground to flour. The filling is cotton or glassine. Calendering – passing between hot rollers – and strong squeezing promotes good gluing and oiling. This gives transparency and the desired surface roughness.

The use of grinding to form smaller fractions makes the tracing paper stronger. Since the cost of using complex equipment greatly increases the cost of paper, we chose a middle ground. The components are crushed to medium size, and in a drying drum the finished product is passed through rollers.

Tracing paper for drawing in ink using a pen and drawing pen was made smooth from a thin glossy film of celluloid, less often vinyl and lavsan. The matte surface was then sprayed on one or both sides. The paper was rough and could be used for polishing copper and soft alloys of aluminum and iron. An ordinary ballpoint pen quickly breaks down when drawing on such a surface.

How to use tracing paper for scrapbooking

Thanks to the versatility of the material, tracing paper is widely used in scrapbooking. There are several ways to use it in creativity:

  • tinting of the background and shadows, which is achieved by overlaying the paper on the bright background of the sheet in the album. This allows you to place emphasis on certain details of the drawing;
  • journaling – creating gentle and original inscriptions;
  • creating pockets and envelopes for storing cute little things;
  • for the backing – colored tracing paper or with an unusual texture is used as a backing for photographs;
  • creating air butterflies;
  • printing pictures that can be used to decorate a scrapbook project.

During the work process, one important nuance should be remembered – tracing paper is afraid of high humidity and drafts, so it is necessary to avoid these phenomena indoors. During the process of working and drying the art, it is necessary to ensure dry climatic conditions in the room or workshop.

How is calque used in linguistics?

Tracing is an example of changes in the processes of traditional replenishment of the dictionary with foreign words. The essence of this type of borrowing is the use of a foreign word as a word-formation or semantic model for the recipient language. This is one of the forms of contact linguistic influence, with the help of which another culture is transmitted.

Tracing paper is not recognized by speakers as a foreign lexical unit, since it is formed according to a foreign language model, but by Russian word-forming elements, for example: insect – from Lat. (in- – on-, sectum – insect). These units are not displayed in dictionaries of borrowings, which emphasizes the language’s denial of their foreign status.

Tracing paper in linguistics is an object of study and use in translated texts. Most often, place names are traced (the Black Sea), titles of works (War and Peace, les Misérables), socio-political terms, names of historical events (Civil War), etc.

How to make tracing paper yourself?

You can create translucent paper yourself, just answer the question of what tracing paper is and how it differs from regular paper. The easiest way is to moisten a regular sheet with gasoline free of oils and additives. You need to copy quickly, as the writing paper will dry out and lose its transparency.

Wax is used to create a matte, durable tracing paper. You can melt it in turpentine to saturate the sheet and wait until the turpentine evaporates. Paper laid out on hot metal absorbs wax well. Simply apply it evenly and rub in.

In addition to wax, castor oil gives writing paper a stable transparency. Dissolved in alcohol, it is applied to the sheet. Dries quickly. You can draw with ink and pencil. This technology is interesting because of the reverse process. You can remove the oil from the sheet with alcohol and the paper will become opaque again, the pencil drawing will remain intact.

Tracing paper translated from one language to another

Calque (French calque) in linguistics, linguistics and translation studies is a word or expression modeled on the corresponding words and expressions of a foreign language by accurately reproducing (copying) their meaning using the means of the native language. The appearance of cripples is usually associated with a sharp increase in the number of direct borrowings of foreign words and manifests itself as a reaction to this phenomenon.

"Точно" - это какая часть речи?

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The tracing paper cannot be translated into a one-syllable word. The word order in the source language must be followed in the borrowing language.

Considered classic: tracing – translation into English of the word skyscraper (literally, “scraping the sky”) and Russian skyscraper.

It is customary to say that when tracing a word, the internal (linguistics term) is used, and not its visible form (shell).

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Tracing in translation is especially often used for terms (special words in one field of knowledge). For example, the German calorifer (literally, “I bring heat”) and the Russian calorifer.

But words were traced not only by compounding words. There is also a “two-stage” tracing. It can be clearly explained using the example of the phrase nominative case:

a) In Greek it is onomastike ptosis from onoma – “name” pipto – “I fall”.

b) In Latin it is nominativus casus from nomen – “name” cado – “I fall”.

c) Russian language: nominative case – from the words name and fall.

Tracing as the fifth way to translate phraseological units

Tracing and descriptive translation are some of the ways to translate phraseological units. Phraseological tracing is a literal (single-root) translation of each word in a sentence. Examples: a cat may look at a King is translated as “even a cat is allowed to look at the king,” and the expression a friend in need is a friend indeed, as “a friend in need is a true friend.”

Tracing techniques in translation:

  • the word “insect” is a tracing paper from Latin (in “on” sectum “insect”, consisting of parts);
  • the word “library” is a tracing paper from Greek (biblion “book” theke – repository);
  • the word “madness” is a tracing paper from Greek (a – “without” phronis – “mind, reason”),
  • the expression “struggle for existence” is a tracing paper from the English struggle for life.
  • the expression “time is money” – tracing paper from English (“time” time, is – “is”, money – “money”),

The name of the city of Pyatigorsk is a translation from Turkic, as can be judged by the name of Mount Beshtau located next to the city (from 5 – “besh” mountain “tau”).

Tracing as one of the ways to translate phraseological units

There are many ways to translate phraseological units (or stable combinations of words) into other languages.

The first is replacing it with a phraseological analogue or equivalent, which would fully correspond in meaning to the original phraseological unit and would be based on the same well-known artistic image. Examples of such translation are such phrases as Achilles’ heel, Ariadne’s thread, shedding crocodile tears, all cats are gray at night and the like.

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The second method is to select a phraseological analogue that matches in meaning, but is based on a different image. An example is the English not for love or money (literally, neither for love nor for money) which is translated into Russian as “not for anything in the world,” “not for any price.”

The third method is descriptive translation, which is possible if the borrowing language has neither an equivalent nor an analogue and the technique of tracing in translation is simply impossible. The English “when the cat is away, the mice will play” (literally, when the cat leaves, the mice play) can be translated as “when the owner is away, the servants do what they want” or “when the bosses are away, the employees do what they want”, or in another way , depending on the context where the expression is taken from.

The fourth method is contextual replacement, when the translation uses a Russian phraseological unit that does not coincide in meaning with English, but in this particular text conveys its meaning. English I am a poor hand at advice literally means “I am too poor to give advice,” but translates as “I am not a master at giving advice.”

Collections

Over the past few years, our designers have been embraced by the fashion for designer tracing papers,

in connection with which the number of similar collections on the Russian market is rapidly

increased.

The Regent Group of Companies offers tracing papers from world famous manufacturers

designer papers: Transparence and Colors Contact collections from a German factory

Gmund and the Curious Translucents collection of the French company Arjo Wiggins.

The elegant, openwork Transparence collection from Gmund creates a romantic mood.

The collection includes six types of white tracing paper with various embossings: original

“Technics” and “Wind”, antique “Cloud”, romantic “Flowers”, classic laid

“Mirage” and “Lines”.

The last four tracing papers are the most elastic, as they have passed

special surface treatment. This airy, translucent tracing paper conveys

a feeling of lightness, a breath of wind. Cleverly used tracing paper from the collection

Transparence will help give a unique charm to the publication, unattainable with use

ordinary papers.

The collection is complemented by Eurostandard and C5 envelopes. They’re unlikely to fit

for sending by regular mail, but the message delivered in such an envelope by courier

will not go unnoticed.

Transparence tracing papers are suitable for traditional printing methods and for postpress

processing: offset, silk-screen printing, hot foil stamping and embossing. For offset

For printing (including full-color offset), a raster of 45-80 lines/cm is recommended.

One of the newest developments of the Gmund company is the Regent-Art trading system.

This Contact collection is the first mass-dyed colored tracing paper created specifically

for a specific collection of opaque papers. The color palette that fits

the basis of the collection, was developed in conjunction with the designer color system

Gmund Colors papers.

The ten colors in this collection are perfect for all

color range (51 colors) of the Gmund Colors collection. They look quite unusual

tracing paper of dark colors. Countless combinations of transparent and opaque

paper allows you to find new unexpected color solutions and create unusual ones

printing works.

The collection also includes square envelopes and Eurostandard format envelopes

the entire color range.

Tracing paper with a density of 100 g/m2 is suitable for printing on laser and inkjet printers,

which allows you to create unusual presentation works in an office environment. Eta

tracing paper is suitable for die-cutting and perforation, as well as for all known bookbindings

technologies.

The Curious Translucents collection of cripples from Arjo Wiggins is incredibly interesting. This is

a relatively new collection of various types of designer tracing paper, received

On sale in the spring of 2002, it quickly became the vocation of many designers. And this

not surprising: the collection contains colors that are striking in their originality

and mother-of-pearl tracing papers, as well as classic transparent tracing papers with a wide range

densities. All tracing papers in the Curious Translucents collection are made from 100% pure

cellulose without the use of chemical additives.

The collection is divided into two parts – Color and Clear. The first included 16 intensive cripples

flowers and unique mother-of-pearl tracing papers. With their help you can realize the most

bold design fantasies. Very interesting are high-density mother-of-pearl tracing papers

(200 g/m2) and rich shades: having a low degree of transparency, they

somewhat reminiscent of ordinary mother-of-pearl papers, but due to their smooth, “crippled”,

the textures look amazing.

The Curious Translucents collection is complemented by three types of envelopes: “Eurostandard”,

C5 and square.

Tracing papers are suitable for all major printing and finishing methods.

Tracing paper with a density of 140 g/m2 and above is suitable for embossing, and foil embossing

You can use tracing paper with a density over 72 g/m2. It is better to acclimatize the day before printing

tracing paper in factory packaging.

The Double V group of companies presents two collections on the Russian market

tracing papers from the German manufacturer Zanders – Spectral and T 2000. These tracing papers

suitable for the manufacture of any decorative elements of printing

products: publications, image brochures, exclusive packaging and much more.

The Spectral collection features tracing papers in 16 intense and pastel colors,

as well as two shades of white. The Spectral color scheme will not leave anyone indifferent

and will become a source of creative inspiration for a talented designer. True,

The range of densities for this collection is small – 100 or 200 g/m2.

The T 2000 collection contains pure cellulose classic white translucent

tracing paper with a wide range of densities. They are suitable for multicolor offset printing

printing, as well as for the production of original layouts, for drawing and copying.

In addition, the assortment of the Double V group of companies includes tracing paper with gold

or silver plating Calque made in Belgium with a density of 112 g/m2,

supplemented with envelopes. There are also translucent papers Zed (Germany), externally

resembling tracing paper. They are available in three shades of white and one ivory

bones. The density of these papers is 250 g/m2.

Bereg Company, exclusive supplier famous for its designer papers

Scottish factory Curtis Fine Papers, presents two
on the Russian market

tracing paper collections from this manufacturer – Classic Translucent and Virtual Vision.

The first collection includes translucent white cellulose tracing paper.

Whitening

They are produced using a chlorine-free method. These tracing papers are widely used in

publishing photo albums, art albums, as well as for making original ones

printing products. Classic Translucent tracing paper is perfect for

offset, letterpress and screen printing (both single-color and full-color).

Varnishing, foiling and folding are possible.

The Virtual Vision collection features tinted tracing paper with textured

surface in six pastel shades of natural origin: “Cactus”, “Desert”,

“Sand”, “Bell”, “Lavender” and “River”. In addition, envelopes are offered,

made from tracing paper of the same series.

Virtual Vision tracing paper recommended for

implementation of non-standard design solutions and are suitable for most methods

printing (offset, silk-screen printing, thermography and laser printing) and post-press

processing (varnishing, embossing, folding, etc.).

Three more collections of tracing paper offered in Russia by the Bereg group – GSK (Golden

Star K), Marina and Pergamenata from the Fedrigoni Group. Translucent pure cellulose

Tracing papers bleached using a chlorine-free method are collected in the GSK collection. In the collection

Marina and Pergamenata include translucent pure cellulose white and tinted

in a mass of paper and cardboard with a smoky pattern and an unusual texture imitating

old parchment (six types in the Marina collection and two in Pergamenta).

Tracing papers of all three collections are suitable for full-color and single-color printing

offset, letterpress and screen printing. They are also adapted for text printing

and images on the plotter. The adhesion of paint to this material depends on the thickness

paint layer and takes quite a long time – about a day.

ComputerArt

10’2003

The difference between tracing and transliteration

Transliteration (literally: transmission by letters) is a method of translation when the letters of one script are transmitted through the letters of another. An example of transliteration is W. Scott’s novel “Ivanhoe” or Ivangoe, which in the 19th century was called “Ivangoe” in Russia (as its name is spelled in English).

This is an example of how transliteration and tracing can usually be considered rivals in translation. Experts recommend using tracing paper to translate terms, especially technical ones, and transliteration to translate proper names (names of people, rivers, cities, etc.). Then Isaac Newton and Isaac Asimov would have the same name, not different ones.

Experienced translators recommend distinguishing between tracing and morphological rendering, or transliteration. With the help of endings formed when changing a word taken in the Russian language, the word is transformed into a new one. The Latin intonatio can be translated in two ways: by tracing paper – the word attunement (from in tonus), or by morphological rendering – the word intonation (foreign prefix and root “intonats”, Russian ending “-iya”). Two different translation methods gave two different meanings for the same word.

For examples of tracing in translation, you can take the English expressions drain brain and brain storm. Calques in Russian will be the expressions “brain drain” (in the sense: loss of the intellectual elite) and “brain storm” (in the sense: excitement of sudden fruitful ideas), and transliterations – “drain brain” and “brain storm”. Both forms are very expressive and sound beautiful, so today they are used equally.

Errors when translating using cripples

A calque is called false if the borrowing misinterprets the semantic structure of a word from another language. An example is the translation of the Latin name of the aquatic plant aqualegia – aquilegia (from aqua – “water” legia – “commonwealth”). It was translated into Russian as “orlik” from the Latin aquila – “eagle”.

For correct translation, it is necessary not only to master the vocabulary of two languages, but to very subtly feel and understand their structure, logic, and morphology.

Source

Seal

Ordinary paints on tracing paper take a long time to dry – up to a week. And when printing with offset

using this method, tracing paper, like plastic, practically does not absorb paint. Therefore

manufacturers unanimously recommend using only folic acids (self-oxidants)

paints for best results.

Printing on tracing paper is also possible

screen inks that are perfect for printing on non-absorbent

materials. Tracing paper also prints well digitally, as it can withstand

heating temperature in electrographic devices.

Actually, features

and the methods of printing on tracing paper are identical to those on other materials with non-absorbent

surfaces. When offset printing on tracing paper, it is necessary to reduce to a minimum

use of water (with an acid level of at least pH 5.0) to avoid

emulsification of water on printed elements. To improve wetting in water can

up to 10% alcohol, as well as driers, can be added.

Composition using tracing paper created by the artist

Aarmoy Soulet

For duplex printing, UV drying is recommended, preferably with heat filters.

After printing, for better drying, you should lay out the tracing paper in small piles.

One of the most common problems when printing on tracing paper is

that it is very difficult to accurately predict the result of the work, since tracing paper is quite

greatly dulls the colors of paints, and this is especially true for colored cripples.

By this

reason a large number of images on tracing paper are printed in one, maximum

in two colors. Since tracing paper absorbs moisture incredibly quickly while working

with it you need to carefully monitor the stability of humidity and temperature indicators

in room.

According to Sergei Churusov, technologist at the Regent Group of Companies, in any case

It is necessary to draw the attention of customers to the fact that when working with any paper,

having a non-standard structure of the printed surface, it is recommended to produce

test print.

Half tracing paper, its features and examples

Semi-calque is a tracing of only part of the compound words. In the word humanity, the Latin root human-us is combined with the Russian suffix “-ost”.

In the English-Russian dictionaries of the early 20th century there is a tracing-paper translation of the word television – far-sightedness, but the word television has taken root – a semi-calque translation, where tele is a simple borrowing, and the part “vision” is a tracing-paper translation.

Post-press processing

Not everything is simple in post-printing processing. Tracing paper is a very specific material

and therefore requires special treatment. Tracing paper is much denser and stiffer,

than regular paper, which is why it cuts worse. You can cut tracing paper only in small pieces

feet from 2 to 5 cm thick. It is recommended to use carbide knives.

When varnishing, due to low absorbency, it is better to use UV varnishes or varnishes

water based. Coating the matte surface of the tracing paper with a glossy varnish can

give an interesting design effect. And to avoid setting off, it is recommended

line varnishing.

Tracing paper is a rather fragile material and not resistant to repeated bending.

Tracing paper must be folded exclusively in the direction of the grain

cellulose. When folding across the grain, a white streak may appear on the tracing paper,

and on high-density tracing paper, cracks may even form.

Same

can also happen with tracing paper of lower density if it is overdried. When folding

thick tracing paper (150 g/m2 and above), preliminary double-sided
is recommended

creasing Creasing knives and counter knives must be rounded.

Shade range of the Curious Color collection

Combining tracing paper with other types of paper also requires extreme attention.

Because when the relative humidity of the tracing paper changes due to combination with others

paper may be deformed, it is recommended to provide relative

moisture content of the paper in contact with the tracing paper (approximately 50%).

Tracing paper can be embossed, but there are a few important things to consider

nuances. When embossing, difficulties may arise due to the weak tendency

tracing paper to compression and due to its inelasticity. However, efforts can be worthwhile

yourself: with embossing, the transparency of the tracing paper disappears, which gives quite

unusual design effect.

Embossing tracing paper also gives interesting results

foil. True, in this case you will have to spend some time on experiments:

you need to very carefully select the types of foil and temperature conditions. For embossing

tracing paper, you can use the same series of foil as for embossing regular paper.

And finally, the binding. For best results, bonding should

be parallel to the fibers. Hot gluing and the use of adhesives are recommended,

that do not contain water (for example, hot melt adhesives) – otherwise the adhesive may become

the cause of warping of tracing paper.

Application

If previously tracing paper was mainly used for drawing work, today

it is gaining increasing popularity as an exclusive material that allows

make one or another printed product unique. Of course, tracing paper is capricious:

sometimes it is difficult for a designer to imagine what the end result will be,

not to mention the customer.

And although working with tracing paper is not easy, designers who dare

use it in your projects, sometimes you manage to create completely unique ones

things. These can be greeting cards, invitations, brochures, catalogs

products, restaurant menus, art albums and much more. On tracing paper

high densities (200 g/m2 and higher) can print business cards.

Colored or white translucent inserts and tracing paper details add a printing touch

The products have a light, sophisticated and slightly mysterious look. Interesting designs

effects can be achieved by applying tracing paper to opaque paper. For example,

in greeting cards or invitations, inside folded in half

paper with the image, a piece of tracing paper with text printed on it is placed.

Due to the growing interest in this material, global manufacturers of designer

papers began to create extensive collections of various cripples. Color palettes

these collections amaze with their richness and unusualness: tracing papers appeared

interspersed with various particles, tracing paper with a textured surface and mother-of-pearl

radiance – all this diversity creates scope for the designer’s imagination.

Sometimes tracing paper is used instead of color-separated films when making molds

for printing black and white products (for example, books). For multi-page publications

savings can be significant, since the cost of one A4 film

with FNA is about 1 dollar, while a sheet of tracing paper is the same format

will cost 5-6 cents. True, everyone has been using this method lately

less.

Transparent paper and its purpose

Before the advent of the computer with its design programs, combining components, parts and duplicating drawings was done using tracing paper. The builders checked the coincidence of the load-bearing walls and supports on the floor plans. Sheets with drawings made in ink were superimposed on each other and placed opposite the light source. All lines and places of contact of parts that went beyond the dimensions were clearly visible.

Now drawings are made on a computer and thick transparent tracing paper (paper) has been created for the printer. It is used mainly by builders and designers to test and demonstrate various options for placement, layout, installation of life support systems, security and other communications on building plans.

An old engineer, when asked what tracing paper is, will answer unequivocally – paper for copying and duplicating drawings. The copyist transferred the lines from whatman paper to tracing paper, laying it on top. Black mascara was most often used. Copies were then made on photosensitive paper in the quantities required for production.

Manufacturer: fabriano, Italy

Pergamon pure cellulose paper with a “crystal” effect, in appearance resembles Trans Marque tracing paper with a similar pattern.

Made from ECF cellulose and FSC certified. Suitable for single-color and full-color printing using offset and screen technologies. Digital printing does not guarantee consistent results. Preliminary testing is necessary.

Supplied in sheets 70×100 cm.

110gsm – 200 sheets; 160 g/m2 – 200 sheets.

Manufactured by schoellershammer (Germany)

In addition to pure cellulose translucent white tracing paper Glama Basic, which was already mentioned above, the company offers Glama Color – also pure cellulose, but tinted tracing paper.

It is recommended for offset, silk-screen, letterpress printing, as well as for varnishing, embossing, blind and foil stamping. Digital printing does not guarantee consistent results. Preliminary testing is necessary.

Supplied in 70x100cm sheets. 62gsm – 250 sheets and 100gsm – 125 sheets.

Color:

  • Glama Basic – white;
  • Glama Color – dark burgundy;
  • Glama Color – Black;
  • Glama Color – blue;
  • Glama Color – green;
  • Glama Color – pink;
  • Glama Color – red;
  • Glama Color – wine red.

Made by schoellershammer, Germany

The German factory Schoellershammer has existed since 1784 and is famous throughout the world for its tracing papers. The successful combination of traditional papermaking methods and modern technologies has made them a role model and quality standard for translucent designer papers. Buyers are provided with classic white GlamaBasic tracing paper.

Fig. 4. Tracing paper GlamaBasic

GlamaBasic pure cellulose tracing papers are bleached without adding chlorine, do not contain acids and are highly resistant to aging. They are suitable for most printing and finishing methods: letterpress and offset printing, silk-screen printing, varnishing, laminating, embossing, die-cutting, laser die-cutting, hot foil stamping, creasing and folding.

Density (g/m2): 92, 112, 150, 180, 280.

Format (cm/cm): 70×100.

Manufactured by zanders, Germany

Pure cellulose tinted tracing paper Zanders spectral, wide range of colors. Recommended for offset, silk screen, digital (preliminary testing required), letterpress printing, as well as varnishing, embossing, blind and foil stamping. Digital printing does not guarantee consistent results. Preliminary testing is necessary.

Fig. 6. Tracing paper from the Zanders spectral collection

The collection contains envelopes.

Supplied in 65x92cm and 70x100cm sheets; 100 sheets per pack.

Density: 100 and 200 g/m2.

Color:

  • Snow white;
  • White;
  • Honey;
  • Mint green;
  • Blue Frost;
  • Pink Lollipop;
  • Lilac Mist;
  • Cherry;
  • Orange;
  • Sunny yellow;
  • Yellow-green;
  • Blue Lake;
  • Ultraviolet.

Cellulose tracing paper Zanders T2000. Recommended for multicolor offset printing, for making original layouts, drawing, copying. Digital printing does not guarantee consistent results. Preliminary testing is necessary.

Supplied in sheets 70×100 cm.

9095gsm – 500 sheets, 8085, 110, 110115gsm – 250 sheets, 150gsm – 125 sheets.

Palette: regular translucent.

Production

arjowiggins, England

Curious Translucents Clear Tracing Papers and Curious Translucents Color Tracing Papers are an innovative collection of designer papers that are fully FSC certified.

Curious Translucents are the highest quality cellulose tracing paper. The line of cripples allows you to play with the shades of paper and the printed image, and has many effects: Clear – natural transparent; Clear Effects – Linear; Space Dust (splashes); Colored – metallic, bright and natural shades:

  • Curious Color Bright white – extra white;
  • Curious Color pearl – pearls;
  • Curious Color silver – pearlescent silver;
  • Curious Color gold – mother of pearl gold.

Fig. 5. Series of cripples Curious Translucents Color

Curious Translucents tracing papers are suitable for the main types of printing: offset printing with foil and UV inks (following the manufacturer’s recommendations), screen printing, flexography. Embossing, die-cutting, and folding are excellent post-printing processing methods.

Density (g/m2): 90 and 100.

Format (cm/cm): 70×100.

Manufacturer: fedrigoni, Italy

GSC (Golden Star Color)

Pure cellulose colored translucent paper, tinted in the paste. Supplied in sheets of 70×100 cm format with a density of 100 and 200 g/m2.

Large selection of colors:

  • Blue – dark blue;
  • Yellow – bright yellow;
  • Red – red;
  • Green – dark green;
  • Coffee – coffee;
  • Cream – creamy;
  • Fluo Green – fluorescent green.

And also metallized:

  • Gold – golden;
  • Silver – silver.

GSK (Golden Star K)

Highly transparent cellulose paper – “tracing paper”. Available in two shades of white: Extra White and Premium White. The bleaching process is carried out using a chlorine-free method. Paper is completely biodegradable and recyclable.

Available in both 70x100cm print and digital print sheets ranging from A4 for office products to 32×46.4cm for HP Indigo. The density range is from 80 to 240 g/m2.

Pergamenata

Pure cellulose translucent paper imitating matte parchment. Available in SRA3 digital print size sheets and 70x100cm print size sheets in a weight range of 90 to 230gsm.

Available in two colors:

  • Bianca – white;
  • Naturale – beige.

Pergamenata Pearl

Pure cellulose translucent paper with a metallic sheen. Has a double-sided mother-of-pearl coating. Available in 70x100cm sheets

Available in three colors:

  • Ice – ice;
  • Silver – silver;
  • Bronze – bronze.

All papers presented are FSC and ISO 9706 certified (durable or long lasting paper). They are designed taking into account the specifics of offset, silk screen and flexography printing, and have shown excellent results in post-printing processing. Materials supplied in digital formats are certified by HP Indigo and Xerox.

Tracing paper produced by the Fedrigoni concern has proven itself in Russia. Over the past 20 years, it has pleased Russian printers with the quality and high technology of the material, and designers and artists with its original appearance and a wide selection of possible applications.

Variety of types of tracing paper and areas of its use

Today we offer standard matte translucent paper, as well as textured, colored and pearlescent materials. The technological process is kept strictly secret by manufacturers, so ordinary consumers do not know the specifics of manufacturing the material.

The material is also used for manual copying, so even preschoolers know how to use tracing paper to transfer drawings. A sheet of tracing paper must be placed over the image to be copied, then traced over the lines with a pencil or pen. Due to the density of the material, it does not tear even when pressed by a pencil, allowing you to transfer the smallest strokes.

To learn how to translate a drawing from tracing paper into a more complex version for artists, you can use an easel with sheet clamps and other professional tools. To draw drawings, the sheets are fixed on an easel, after which the lines are transferred manually or with a special drawing device.

Drawings on tracing paper

Designs for embroidery and other occasions can be easily and quickly copied using tracing paper. Just place it on the image and secure it. Then draw the contour lines with a pencil or ink; if a little, you can use a ballpoint pen and liner. Colors and shades are applied later.

The side of the tracing paper with the ink design is applied to the wetted wood or leather. This is what tattoo artists and wood carvers do. The image is mirrored. Needlewomen additionally use carbon paper or simply fasten the paper to the fabric and embroider on it using satin stitch, placing stitches on top.

Tracing paper can replace a canvas for an artist. Drawings are copied and colors are applied with watercolor paint, pencils and ink. The image turns out bright against a translucent background and looks great.

Semantic tracing papers: examples, errors in literal translation

Semantic tracing papers are words that have acquired completely new meanings under the influence of words from a foreign language. Thus, the Russian word “refined”, inspired by the French raffiné, began to mean “sophisticated, refined.” There are times when tracing paper leads to errors. This is especially true for terms: each of its constituent words is translated literally instead of translating as a whole:

  • X-rays are x-rays, not x-rays.
  • Arctic fox (White fox, Polar fox, Snow fox) – all this is an arctic fox and not something else.
  • Black ice – black ice, not incomprehensible black ice, here black means bad.
  • The city of winds is not only the “windy city”, but also a nickname for the city of Chicago in conversation and literature.

Existing types and examples of cripples. derivational tracings

All calques can be divided into word-formative, semantic, phraseological (discussed above) and semi-calques. Each type of tracing in translation has its own characteristics when transferred from a certain language, which must be taken into account in order to avoid mistakes.

Derivational calques are words obtained by morphemic (same root in meaning) translation of a word into another language:

  • the word “semiconductor” is a tracing paper from English (semi “semi” conductor – “conductor”);
  • the term “electromagnetic induction”, which became Russian since the 19th century, is a tracing paper from English (electro-magnetic inductor).

Storage

Like everything original and unusual, tracing paper is a rather whimsical material. She

incredibly sensitive to changes in humidity in the room where it is stored. Therefore

It is best to store tracing paper in its original packaging. Sealed packaging must

stored in a dry, ventilated area with a stable climate (temperature

and humidity should not fluctuate significantly during the day).