Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

What are minilabs?###

In modern photo laboratories, the bulk of photographs are printed on special machines called minilabs. This equipment is focused on printing small and medium formats – usually from 10 x 15 to 30 x 90 cm inclusive. The peculiarity of minilabs is the optimization of processes for mass photo printing of standard (not arbitrary) formats.

Using a special laser or LED head, the image from the RGB graphic file is exposed on photo paper with a photosensitive emulsion, then the print goes through the classic “wet” process. Modern minilabs, combined with technologies for working over a local network, make it possible to print 1000-1800 digital prints of 10 x 15 per hour or more.

When printing from photographic film, the negative or slide is scanned with a special built-in scanner, then work with the image is done in the same way as with a regular file. In small laboratories, where stopping production is not too critical for the business, there is usually one machine. In medium and large laboratories, less than 2-3 high-performance minilabs are rarely installed.

The photo printing operator makes color correction.

Over the past few years, the market for minilab manufacturers has narrowed to two giants – Noritsu and Fuji. According to unofficial data, at this time attempts were made to unite the relevant divisions into a single corporation, but the Antimonopoly Committee of Japan did not allow this.

As a result, today both companies produce almost identical minilabs, but under different logos. All other minilab manufacturers have ceased operations. Recently, Chinese manufacturers, in particular Sophia, have begun to appear on the market.

Despite the fact that their minilabs actually copy Noritsu, the quality of these machines leaves much to be desired, so such machines are used mainly in laboratories without any significant requirements for print quality. Apparently, the share of such machines in the world is still insignificant.

In addition to minilabs, there are printing machines for large formats. The leader of “large format” in our time is the Italian manufacturer Durst. In general, the printing technologies on these machines are the same as on minilabs. The main differences are the possible print formats, resolution and color gamut, which tends to be slightly higher for larger machines.

11 questions about digital photo printing (part one)

Envelopes with printed photographs.

Digital photography allows you to view the results of your shooting directly on your computer, so today we print much less often than in film days. However, precisely because of the “exclusivity” of the task, the requirements for the quality of hard copies also increase: having spent time selecting and processing the best photographs, we expect to see an equally high-quality result on paper.

  • What methods of printing photos are there?
  • What are minilabs?
  • What is the maximum file size that can be printed?
  • What is the difference between 10 x 15 and 11 x 15?
  • Bleed frame or whole frame – how to set the print mode?
  • How to control the sharpness of a print?
  • Which paper should I choose – matte or glossy?
  • How to make the print match the picture on the monitor?
  • What is color correction in printing and why is it needed?
  • How can I find out the color correction parameters made by the operator during printing?
  • Is it possible to print real black and white?

A-formats

A – the most popular format. It is used in a variety of industries. A-series sheets are used by every resident of Russia.

Размер A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10
мм 841 x 1189 594 x 841 420 x 594 297 x 420 210 x 297 148 x 210 105 x 148 74 x 105 52 x 74 37 x 52 26 x 37
дюймы 33.11 x 46.81 23.39 x 33.11 16.54 x 23.39 11.69 x 16.54 8.27 x 11.69 5.83 x 8.27 4.13 x 5.83 2.91 x 4.13 2.05 x 2.91 1.46 x 2.05 1.02 x 1.46

This is the most important thing in the world. ртежей and диаграмм — from А4 to А1.

What is the difference between 10 and 15 and 11 and 15?###

More information about this topic. More information about this item. I don’t know what to do with the phone. There is a 135-inch battery in the 24-36 hour range. Read more about 2:3 — read more about it. рматы печати 10 х 15, 20 х 30, 30 х 45 х др.

The most important thing in the world Most of the time, this is the most important thing in the world. The next step is to enter the screen at 3:4. Please click on the following link: * с соотнош More photos 2:

Read more about 3:4 in between 10 and 15, then use it again. Most of the time now, there is more to it than before. зуются широкие белые поля (в зависимости от режима печати). This is the most important thing in the world. Most of the children are on the phone — 11 to 15 years old. Read more at 3:4. There are so many things in the world — the most beautiful things in the world I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I, I

There is a lot of information on the phone. Also, this is the most important thing in the world. выяснить (рассчитать) соотношение сторон кадра в вашей камере.

Don’t worry about it now. Contact us at:

Read the book 2:3 Read the book 3:4
10 х 15 см 11 х 15 см
15 х 20 см 15 х 22 см
30 х 45 см 30 х 40 см

Read more

This is the most important thing in the world. It is recommended to use it at 10:15. Возможно будет указано на упаковке размер in дюймах 4″х6″. Либо в виде формата листа – А6. There are more and more people in the world. ультироваться у продавца.


. Get more information. This is the most important thing in the world. This is the most important thing in the world.




The number of people in the group is now closed. And so on. Применяется для печати фотографий профессионального качества. The most important thing is that I don’t know what to do with it. More and more


Read more

There are many different types of food. How many times do you want to know what you want? More.

  • Home
    . The most important thing is that there is a lot of fun in the game. фото, наравне с матовой. Most of the time, there is more information about it. More and more. Такие фото вселда вглядрт намного насленнее и ярче, чем матовые. And then there is a lot of information about the following: Yes, it’s worth the money. It’s too late, too, so it’s too late.
  • Home
    . I don’t know what’s going on here. And more. But the detail will become deeper, plus scratches and fingerprints on this type of paper are almost invisible.
  • Branded photo paper
    . When printing photographs, it is best to use paper specifically designed for this task. Moreover, top manufacturers of office equipment (the same Epson and Canon) produce material specifically for their printers. This type of photo paper is called branded. The manufacturer takes into account all the technical nuances of its devices to ensure that the quality of the printed image is the highest.
  • All-purpose photo paper
    . It is produced by third-party companies, supposedly to be compatible with any printer models. However, this may not work. Before purchasing paper, check in the printer manual to see what types and formats are supported. Otherwise, the quality of the photo may turn out to be low, or the sheet may remain white.
  • Regular
    . No one has canceled ordinary printer paper. However, this is absolutely a backup option. The source file must have very good quality and resolution in order to look decent on plain paper. And the long-term safety of such a printout is highly doubtful.

Even more about the thickness and density of different types of paper
read our other article. And also for your attention a table of formats and sizes of photographs for printing
.

What type of printer to use

  • Inkjet
    . This is the most common type of printing device. Among the advantages are an affordable price and high image detail. However, consumables – cartridges – quickly run out or dry out, and they have to be changed frequently. In addition to photographs, inkjet printers are suitable for printing documents on paper of all available formats.
  • Laser
    . Printers and MFPs of this type have advantages over inkjet ones: they print faster, operate more quietly, and the toner is a powder that does not dry out. However, photography and a laser printer are not the best pair. Due to the specifics of the toner, the pictures do not have sufficient color saturation, brightness, or detail. In addition, laser printers are simply more expensive and larger than inkjet printers.
  • Sublimation
    . In such printers, solid ink sublimates into gas when heated. Due to this, photographs receive even better detail and quality. The ink itself does not harden or fade. All these indisputable advantages are offset by only two arguments against them – cost (1.5-2 times more expensive than inkjet ones) and narrow specialization.

Print

Left-click the photo you want to print. Call the context menu by right-clicking. Click Print.

The Photo Print Wizard program window will open. Click “Next”. From the list of photos provided, select the one you need (one or more) and click “Next” again.

You will be given a choice of printer. Select the one on which the photo will be printed.

Click on “Print Settings”. In the window that opens, in the “commonly used parameters”, specify “photo printing”. Here you need to select the paper size (format): 10×15 or 4″x6″ or A6. In the “media type” tab, indicate the type of paper you will use (indicated on the packaging). Click the “Next” button.

Choose the layout (location) of the photo. For a 10×15 photo: without white margins, select “full page photo print”; with margins – “full page fax print”. If you need to print a photo in several copies, in the “Number of uses of each image” column, indicate the required number of copies. Click the “Next” button to start printing your photos.

Printing via word

For such simple operations, programs whose main task is not image editing are also suitable. For example, Word from the standard Microsoft Office package. The algorithm is simple:

  1. Create a new document.
  2. Go to the “Insert” – “Drawing” tab. Choose File. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

  3. The next step is the “Format” tab. In the lower right corner of the work panel, click on the tiny arrow icon next to the “Size” inscription. In the window that appears, first uncheck the box next to the “Maintain proportions” command. Enter the width and height in the appropriate fields, then close the window. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

  4. Open the main menu of Word, there select the “Print” option, and the same one in the drop-down list. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

  5. Set the desired parameters, click OK. The photo will begin printing.

Photo sizes for printing – formats and sizes for printing photos on .ua

When printing photo images, the color gamut of the photo is corrected. When correcting, several basic principles are used:

  1. If the main subject of the photo is people, correction is carried out taking into account the most correct skin tone, however, the overall color scheme may change and some colors may not be displayed accurately.
  2. When correcting landscapes, the basis is the correct display of the greenery of plants, or the color of the sky, if the main content of the image is the sky. For winter landscapes, the basis is to obtain the whiteness of the snow.

If you want to color correct your photographs yourself, when ordering you must indicate the option “without correction”, but you must remember that the image you see on your monitor may not match the print due to inconsistency in color reproduction characteristics Your monitor and printing machine. To obtain such a match, it is advisable to order a test print without correction, and then adjust the color rendition and monitor glow to correctly match the colors and balance the brightness of the image.

Windows printing tool

You can also send photos for printing using a standard Windows program. Left-click on the image file to open the image viewer. The further procedure is as follows:

  1. Find the “Print” tab at the top. Click on it and select the appropriate option. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes


    Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

  2. Hint. If suddenly this tab is not there, use the hotkey combination Ctrl P. In addition, you can call up the print menu without going into the image viewer. Just right-click the file menu and find the desired option in it. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

  3. In the print menu, first select the printer, paper size and image quality.
  4. In the column on the right, scroll down with the slider and select the position 10×15 cm
  5. . Check the box next to the “Image to frame size” function.

  6. Specify the number of copies required. If necessary, specify additional parameters. When everything is ready, send the photo for printing. Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

A series paper size table, mm and cm

Format Size, mm Size, cm
A0 841×1189 84.1×118.9
A1 594×841 59.4×84.1
A2 420×594 42×59.4
A3 297×420 29.7×42
A4 210×297 21×29.7
A5 148×210 14.8×21
A6 105×148 10.5×14.8
A7 74×105 7.4×10.5
A8 52×74 5.2×7.4
A9 37×52 3.7×5.2
A10 26×37 2.6×3.7

Series paper size table in, mm and cm

Format Size, mm Size, cm
В0 1000×1414 100×141.4
B1 707×1000 70.7×100
B2 500×707 50×70.7
B3 353×500 35.3×50
B4 250×353 25×35.3
B5 176×250 17.6×25
B6 125×176 12.5×17.6
B7 88×125 8.8×12.5
B8 62×88 6.2×8.8
B9 44×62 4.4×6.2
B10 31×44 3.1×4.4

Table of paper sizes of series c, mm and cm

Format Size, mm Size, cm
С0 917×1297 91.7×129.7
С1 648×917 64.8×91.7
C2 458×648 45.8×64.8
С3 324×458 32.4×45.8
С4 229×324 22.9×32.4
C5 162×229 16.2×22.9
C6 114×162 11.4×16.2
С7 81х114 8.1×11.4
С8 57×81 5.7×8.1
С9 40×57 4×5.7
C10 28×40 2.8×4

Table of paper sizes a0, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6. V. and s. (in cm, mm, pixels)
  • International standard for paper formats – ISO 216

    The ratio of the long side of the sheet to the short side is equal to the value 1.4142

    The area of ​​A0 format is 1 square meter…

    A

Table of sizes of sheets of A-size paper, in centimeters, millimeters and pixels

  • PAPER SIZE A SERIES
  • mm

    cm
    inches

    * pixels A0 841 × 1189 594 × 841 420 × 594 297 × 420 210 × 297 148×210 105 × 148 74 × 105 52 × 74 37 × 52 26 × 37
    84.1 × 118.9 33.11 × 46.82 9933 x 14043 px A1
    59.4 × 84.1 23.39 × 33.11 7016 x 9933 px A2
    42.0 × 59.4 16.54 × 23.39 4961 x 7016 px A3
    29.7 × 42.0 11.69 × 16.54  3508 x 4961 px A4
    21.0 × 29.7 8.27 × 11.69 2480 x 3508 px A5
    14.8 × 21.0 5.83 × 8.27 1748 x 2480 px A6
    10.5 × 14.8 4.13 × 5.83 1240 x 1748 px A7
    7.4 × 10.5 2.91 × 4.13 874 x 1240 px A8
    5.2 × 7.4 2.05 × 2.91 614 x 874 px A9
    3.7 × 5.2 1.46 × 2.05 437 x 614 px A10
    2.6 × 3.7 1.02 × 1.46 307 x 437 px
    * It should be remembered that the measurement in pixels is not at all a standardized norm and is given by the author solely for conditional individual use. It is especially convenient to use these units to configure the correct display of images when printing on a printer. B – the basis is that the length of the short side of the sheet B0 = 1 meter.

    V



    SERIES B mm inches В0 1000 × 1414 39.37 × 55.67 B1 707 × 1000 27.83 × 39.37 B2 500 × 707 19.69 × 27.83 B3 353 × 500 13.90 × 19.69 B4 250 × 353 9.84 × 13.90 B5 176 × 250 6.93 × 9.84 B6 125 × 176 4.92 × 6.93 B7 88 × 125 3.46 × 4.92 В8 62 × 88 2.44 × 3.46 В9 44 × 62 1.73 × 2.44 B10

31 × 44

1.22 × 1.73

C

SERIES C mm inches
С0 917 × 1297 36.10 × 51.06
С1 648 × 917 25.51 × 36.10
С2 458 × 648 18.03 × 25.51
C3 324 × 458 12.76 × 18.03
C4 229 × 324 9.02 × 12.76
С5 162 × 229 6.38 × 9.02
C6 114 × 162 4.49 × 6.38
С7 81 × 114 3.19 × 4.49
С8 57 × 81 2.24 × 3.19
С9 40 × 57 1.57 × 2.24
C10 28 × 40 1.10 × 1.57

*

A4 paper crafts

Author:

Size chart for paper sizes from 4a0 to a10

A-size sheet dimensions

Format Height x Length (mm)

Height x Length (” inches)

  Pixels

*

4A0 2378 x 1682 mm 93.6 x 66.2″ inches 28087 x 19866 px 2A0

1682 x 1189 mm

66.2 x 46.8″ inches

19866 x 14043 px

A0 1189 x 841 mm 46.8 x 33.1″ inches 14043 x 9933 px A1

841 x 594 mm

33.1 x 23.4″ inches

9933 x 7016 px

A2 594 x 420 mm 23.4 x 16.5″ inches 7016 x 4961 px A3

420 x 297 mm

16.5 x 11.7″ inches

4961 x 3508 px

A4 297 x 210 mm 11.7 x 8.3″ inches 3508 x 2480 px A5

210 x 148 mm

8.3 x 5.8″ inches

2480 x 1748 px

A6


148 x 105 mm


5.8 x 4.1″ inches


1748 x 1240 px

  • A7

    105 x 74 mm
    4.1 x; 2.9″ inches
    1240 x 874 px

    A8

    74 x 52 mm
    2.9 x 2.0″ inches

    874 x 614 px
    A9

    52 x 37 mm

    2.0 x 1.5″ inches

    614 x 437 px

    A10 37 x 26 mm 1.5 x 1.0″ inches 437 x 307 px * – format A resolution is given for an image density of 300 dpi (pixels per inch). To obtain paper dimensions in centimeters, convert from mm to cm by dividing by 10; to convert from inches to feet, divide inch by 12.

    Table of standard printing sizes

    Product type Formats and sizes (mm)
    Badges 85×55
    Forms A4 (210×297)
    Notepads A4 (210×297), A5 (148×210), A6 (105×148), A7 (74×105)
    Brochures A4 (210×297), A5 (148×210), A6 (105×148)
    Booklets A4 (210×297), A5 (148×210), A6 (105×148)
    Business cards 50×90
    Magazines A4 (210×297)
    Pocket calendars 70×100
    Sheet wall calendars A1 (594×841), A2 (420×594), A3 (297×420)
    Envelopes C4 (229×324), C5 (162×229), C6 (114×162)
    Catalogs A4 (210×297), A5 (148×210)
    Leaflets A4 (210×297), A5 (148×210), A6 (105×148), A7 (74×105)
    Leaflets A4 (210×297)
    Postcards A6 (105×148)
    Folders 220×310
    Posters A0 (841×1189), A1 (594×841), A2 (420×594), A3 (297×420)
    Prospects A4 (210×297)
    Invitations 100×150, 100×200, 150×210
    Door signs 100×150, 200×300, 200×400
    Flyers 98×210

    Paper Size Charts

    Standard Paper Sizes

    (GOST 5773-76)      

    Designation

              mm        

      Designation

      Row A   Row B   Row C

              mm        

      Designation

    A1

    594×841

      B1

    648×917

    A2

      420×594

      500×707

      C2

      458×648

    A3

      B3

      353×500

      210×297

      B4

      229×324

    A5

      C5

    A6


      105×148



  •   B6
    •   125×176

      C6

              mm        

      A0

    841×1189

      B0

    •   1000×1414

    •   C0

      917×1297
  •   707×1000   C1
      B2
      297×420
      C3   324×458

    A4

      250×353   C4
      148×210
      B5   176×250

      162×229

    114×162
    A7 74×105 B7   88×125   C7   81×114
    A8 52×74 B8 62×88   C8 57×81
    A9 37×52 B9 44×62
    A10 26×37 B10 31×44
    A11 18×26 B11 22×31
    A12 13×18 B12 15×22
    A13 9×13

    Contact us

    Классификация ANSI
  •       мм      

  • Read more

    A NSI A

    216×279

      8,5×11

      Legal

      Ledger

    17×11

    1,5455:1

    A3

    279×432

    1:1,5455

    And more
    View ISO
      Letter
    1:1,2941
    A4
    216×356   8,5×14
    1:1,6471
    A NSI B 432×279
      Tabloid A NSI B

    11×17



    A3


    A NSI C

    432×559

    17×22

    1:1,2941

    A2

    A NSI D

    559×864

    22×34

    • 1:5455

    • A1

  • A NSI E

    34×44

    A0

    864×1118
    1:1,2941
  • Serie A

    Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

    The largest standard size is A0, has
    area of ​​one square meter and ratio
    sides 1:√2. The long side of the sheet has
    length equal to approximately 1.189 m, length of short
    sides – this is the inverse value of the indicated
    values, approximately 0.841 m, the product of these
    two lengths gives an area of ​​1 m²;

    Size A1 is obtained by cutting a sheet of A0 along the short side into two equal parts, resulting in the same aspect ratio. This makes it possible to produce one standard paper size from another, which was not possible when using traditional sizes. Preserving the aspect ratio also means that when you scale an image from one format to another, the image’s proportions are maintained.

    Series B

    Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

    In addition to the A series of formats, there are also less common B series formats. B series sheets have the same aspect ratio as A series. Only B0 has a width of 1 m. The area of ​​B series sheets is the geometric average of the two subsequent A series sheets. For example, B1 The size is between A0 and A1, with an area of ​​0.71 m². As a result, B0 has dimensions of 1000×1414 mm.

    Series B is almost never used in the office, but has a number of special applications, for example, many posters are published in these formats, B5 is often used for books, and these formats are also used for envelopes and passports.

    Series C

    Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

    Series C is used for envelopes only and is defined in ISO 269. The area of ​​Series C sheets is equal to the geometric average of Series A and B sheets of the same number. For example, the area of ​​C4 is the geometric average of the area of ​​sheets A4 and B4, with C4 slightly larger than A4 and B4 slightly larger than C4. The practical meaning of this is that an A4 sheet can be placed in a C4 envelope, and a C4 envelope can be placed in a thick B4 envelope.
    C6 162×114 mm – the main postal envelope format of the Soviet period.

    North American Standard

    Photo formats for printing: overview of main sizes

    Currently used American formats are based on traditionally used dimensions, and are defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The most commonly used formats in daily activities are “Letter”, “Legal” and “Ledger” / “Tabloid”. The source of the “Letter” format (8.5×11 inches or 216×279 mm) goes back to tradition and is not exactly known.
    North American paper sizes are government standards in the United States and the Philippines (however, Philippine “legal” is 8.5 x 13 inches, which is different from American “legal”), and are also widely used in Canada, Mexico and some South American countries .

    Unlike standard A4 paper, which is a geometric subset of the range of paper sizes based on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard, the origins of Letter paper sizes are lost in tradition and are not clearly documented. The American Wood and Paper Association states that the dimensions date back to the days of hand-made paper, and that the 11-inch page length is a quarter of the “average maximum arm length of a skilled worker.” However, this does not explain the width or aspect ratio.

    Publication formats


    GOST (5773-76)

    70×100/256


     

    70×90/256

     

     

    60×90/256 

     

     

     

    60×84/256 

     



     

     

    • 84×108/512 

  •   Large Average Small Miniature Babies
    84×108/8 70×100/16 70×100/32 70×90/64 60×90/512
    70×108/8 60×100/16 70×90/32 60×90/64 60×84/512 
    70×100/8 75×90/16 75×90/32 60×84/64 84×108/1024 
    60×90/8 70×90/16 60×90/32 60×70/64 70×108/1024 
    60×84/6 60×90/16 60×84/32 84×108/128 70×100/1024 
    84×108/16 60×84/16 60×108/32 70×108/128 70×90/1024 
    84×108/16 70×84/16 70×100/32 70×100/128 60×90/1024 
    90×100/16 70×75/16 84×108/64 70×90/128 60×84/1024 
    84×100/16 60×108/16 70×108/64 60×90/128  
    70×108/16 60×70/16 100×84/64 60×84/128   
    80×100/16 84×108/32   84×108/256  
    84×90/16 70×108/32    70×108/256   
      84×100/32  
     
    80×100/32  
    84×90/32  
     

     

     

     

     

     

    70×108/512 

       

     

     

    70×100/512        

    70×90/512 

     

    To determine the book block format
    it is necessary to decompose the value of the sheet share (/16, /32, etc.) into two largest factors (16 = 4×4, 32 = 4×8), then divide the larger side of the sheet by the larger factor, the smaller side by the smaller factor;


    For example: 84×108/32 => 32=4×8 => [84/4]x[108/8] => 21×13.5

    If we now subtract 1 cm from the larger value, and 0.5 cm from the smaller one, we get the block format after trimming (for publications with landscape imposition, subtract 1 cm from the smaller value, and 0.5 from the larger one).

    Antique book and writing paper formats

     check folio  paper size 43.2×61 cm
     crown folio  book or paper format 25×38 cm
     demy folio  paper size 28.5×44 cm
     double folio  paper size 55.9×86.4 cm
     double-double folio  paper size 83.8×111.8 cm
     double imperial folio  paper size 38×56 cm
     elephant folio  paper size 35.5×58 cm
     extra-size folio  paper size 48.3×61 cm
     foolscap folio  book or paper format 21.5×34 cm
     foolscap long folio  writing paper format 16.5×40.6 cm
     imperial folio  paper size 38×56 cm
     crown quarto  book format 19×25 cm
     demy quarto  book format 22×28.5 cm
     double imperial quarto  printed paper format 73.7×114 cm
     foolscap quarto  book format 17×21.5 cm
     crown octavo  book format 13×19 cm; book format 14×20 cm;

    book height 20-25 cm
     demy octavo book format 14×22 cm
     imperial octavo book format: British. 19×25 cm; Amer. 21×29 cm
    large post octavo book format 13×21 cm

    Publication format
    is the size of a book block (in length and width) after three-sided trimming.

    The format is determined by the type and type of publication, its volume, circulation, the nature of the illustrative material contained in it, the reader’s purpose, terms of use, etc.
    The term “book format” apparently arose in the era of machine production, when the need arose to unify book sizes for its mass production and commodity exchange.

    The results of measurements of dozens of Russian books of the 11th-13th centuries showed that they did not have stable sizes. The format of the future book was chosen by the copyist based on its purpose, as well as in accordance with the tastes of the customer and his own desires. Altar gospels, richly illustrated and large books (prologues, collections, etc.) were made, as a rule, of large size (the height of the book block is more than 30 cm). These are, for example, the oldest handwritten books: the Ostromir Gospel (1056-1057), Izbornik Svyatoslav (1073), twelve volumes of the “Great Menaion of the Readings” (1547-1563), written on the initiative of Metropolitan Macarius, etc. Books intended for everyday use had relatively small formats and were distinguished by their simple external and internal appearance. An example of this kind of book is the Archangel Gospel (1092) – a cheap book, apparently rewritten by order of the parish church of a peasant churchyard (small four format).

    With the beginning of the use of paper for making books
    their formats were based on the size (share) of a paper sheet. However, there were still no firmly established paper sizes, since they depended on the mesh dimensions of the paper sheet, which were set arbitrarily by the paper manufacturer. Over time, papermakers settled on two main sizes: the smaller one – 30×50 cm; the larger one is 50×70, which, however, was not strictly observed.

    To indicate the format of Russian handwritten books, a conventional unit of measurement was used – dest (Persian dest – right hand).

       

      B7


    88×125



  • C7
    • 81×114

    Format Size Format Size Format Size Format Size Format Size
      A0 841×1189   B0 1000×1414 C0 916×1296 K5 145×215 C54 185×260
    A1 594х841   B1 707×1000 C1 648×916 K6 125×125 C65 114×229
      A2   420×594   B2 500х707 C2 458×648 K7 90×140 K65 125×189
    A3 297×420   B3 354×500 C3 324×458 K8 150×150 DL (E 65) 110×220
      A4 210×297   B4 250×353 C4 229×324 K9 225×225 E4 220×320
      A5 148×210   B5 177×250 C5 162х229 K10 175×175    
      A6 105×148   B6 125×177 C6 114×162              

    A7
    74×105

    A8 52×74   B8 62×88 C8 57×81   A9 37×52   B9 44×62 C9 40×57 A10 26×37   B10 31×44 C10 28×40

    DIN formats (metric)

    Format Width x length in mm
    1A   1189×1682
    A0 841×1189
    A1 594х841
    A2 420×594
    A3   305×457
    A3   297×420
    A4   210×297
    A5   148×210
    A6   105×148

    Notes:

    1; The area of ​​A0 format is 1 square. m.

    2. The ” ” sign in the format designation indicates the presence of an allowance compared to standard sizes. The amount of allowance may vary.

    3. For roll paper, the width corresponds to the narrow edge of the format, i.e. A1 means 594mm wide roll. The length of a standard roll for copying machines is 175 meters.

    Anglo-American standards formats

    Format Width x length in mm Width x length in inches Analogue DIN standard
    A  228×305 9×12 A4
    B 305×457 12×18 A3
    C  457×610 18×24 A2
    D 610х914 24×36 A1
    E 914×1219 36×48 A0

    Other international standard formats

    Format Width x length in mm Width x length in inches
     B4 (German format) 250×353 9.8×13.9
     B5 176×250 6.9×9.8
     B3 353×500 13.9×19.7
     B4 (Japanese format) 257×364 10.1×14.3
     B4 (American standard) 254×356 10.0×14.0
     Draft 254×406 10.0×16.0
     Folio 210×330 8.3×13.0
     Foolscap 216×356 8.5×13.0
     Foolscap (UK) 203х330 8.0×13.0
     Legal 216×356 8.5×14.0
     Gov. Legal 203х330 8.0×13.0
     Legal (Argentinian) 220×340 8.7×13.4
     Letter/US Quatro 216×279 8.5×11.0
     Gov. Letter 203х267 8.0×10.5
     Officio 216×317 8.5×12.5

Technical requirements for digital printing

To print photos without losing quality, you need to follow simple and simple rules for preparing a file for printing.

   When independently preparing a file for printing in a photo center, you need to take into account the format, size and resolution of the image. All manufacturers produce photo paper in certain, standard formats (from A6 to A0) and if the size does not fit into the paper format, then the details of the photo will be lost during printing (we will describe this below).

   In most cases, you print photographs in standard formats (10×15, 13×18, 15×21, 21×30, etc.). Each format corresponds to certain linear dimensions. The sizes of printed photographs in darkrooms and printers are slightly different. Below is a table of standard formats attached to a specific size and pixel size for printing on printers:

Photo format * Linear size (cm) **

File sizes in pixels ***

(for 300 dpi)

9×13 8.9×12.7 1051×1500
10×15 10.2×15.2 1205×1795
13×18 12.7×17.8 1500×2102
15×21 14.9×21 1760×2480
21×30 (A4) 21×29.7 2480×3508
30×42 (A3) 29.7×42 3508×4960
33×48 (A3) 33×48 3898×5669


* Photo format
– linear file size rounded and converted to centimeters.


 **
Linear size of photo
– width and height of the image in centimeters and millimeters. This parameter can be found out simply by measuring the printed photograph with a ruler.


***
Size in pixels
* – width and height in pixels of the digital image.


    *Pixels are the points that make up a digital image. The more points, the more details we can see.

    Image resolution (dpi)
– a number that relates the size in pixels and the linear size of the image. This photograph parameter is measured in dots (pixels) per inch (inch = 25.4 mm) – dpi (



dots per inch)
. The minimum resolution that is acceptable for printing photographs of acceptable quality is 150 dpi.

  The recommended resolution for high-quality photographs is 300 dpi.

Important to know!

    When printing a low resolution image in a large format, a blurred or pixelated effect will be noticeable. Such prints will not be of high quality. When you print photos from a mobile phone, the images may be of lower quality than when you print from a digital camera. Artificially enlarging or zooming in on an image can also lead to a loss in photo quality.

   Now let’s look at the discrepancy between the file size and the photo format. If you print a photo with the file automatically (in the printer program) adjusted to a standard format, the details of the photo along the edges will be lost, or white margins will be left on the image on two edges.

EXAMPLES:

<img src="https://i.idfoto.ru/u/pic/ff/d4e2b0c7fe11e3a4796601b5853424/-/2

.jpg” alt=””>

photo printing with photo cropping at top and bottom

black frame – print area,
red – photo borders

<img src="https://i.idfoto.ru/u/pic/f5/24680ec7fe11e3a4796601b5853424/-/1

.jpg” alt=””>

printing a photo with margins and saving the entire image

black frame – print area, red – photo border

Series b format

B-format paper sizes are larger than A-series sheets. Such media are used much less often, and in general, few people know that such a format exists.

Size B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 B10
mm 1000 × 1414 707 × 1000 500 × 707 353 × 500 250 × 353 176 × 250 125 × 176 88 × 125 62 × 88 44 × 62 31 × 44
inches 39.37 × 55.67 27.83 × 39.37 19.69 × 27.83 13.90 × 19.69 9.84 × 13.90 6.93 × 9.84 4.92 × 6.93 3.46 × 4.92 2.44 × 3.46 1.73 × 2.44 1.22 × 1.73

This format is used much less. Not everyone knows about its existence, because in many areas of life A-format sheets are more often used.

Formats c

C-size paper is designed for making envelopes. Moreover, these envelopes are designed for A-format sheets.

Size C0 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10
mm 917 × 1297 648 × 917 458 × 648 324 × 458 229 × 324 162 × 229 114 × 162 81 × 114 57 × 81 40 × 57 28 × 40
inches 36.10 × 51.06 25.51 × 36.10 18.03 × 25.51 12.76 × 18.03 9.02 × 12.76 6.38 × 9.02 4.49 × 6.38 3.19 × 4.49 2.24 × 3.19 1.57 × 2.24 1.10 × 1.57

C size sheets are used to create envelopes for A4 paper.

So, you know all the varieties of European series that the international standard ISO 216 includes.

North American Standard Formats

The North American standard is common in the following countries: USA, Canada, Mexico, Philippines, as well as in several countries of South America. Sheet formats are determined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The paper formats that the North American standard includes differ significantly from European sheets.

Popular title ANSI classification in mm in inches Aspect Ratio Similar ISO format
Letter ANSI A 216 × 279 8.5 × 11 1: 1.2941 A4 (210 × 297)
Legal 216 × 356 8.5 × 14 1: 1.6471
Ledger or Tabloid ANSI B 432 × 279 17 × 11 1: 1.5455 A3 (297 × 420)
ANSI C 432 × 559 17 × 22 1: 1.2941 A2 (420 × 594)
ANSI D 559 × 864 22 × 34 1: 1.5455 A1 (594 × 841)
ANSI E 864 × 1118 34×44 1: 1.2941 A0 (841 × 1189)

ANSI size A, also called “Letter” (21.6 by 27.9 cm), is used in North American countries as size A4. The A3 format almost completely corresponds to the ANSI B or “Ledger”, “Tabloid” format.

Size matching:

So, you have an idea of ​​paper standards in North America.

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