Heart with roses applique made from rolled paper
An interesting paper heart is made using the appliqué technique from curled paper. We will need to roll the colored paper into a tube, then cut the tube into small curl pieces.
Fix the ends of the curls with glue so that the curl is sufficiently free. Glue the curls onto the paper base.
Glue small green curls onto the base. Here is a “heart” applique decorated with a bouquet of roses!
Five holes are used mainly for stapling accounting documents, since in the end their thickness turns out to be much greater than that of ordinary documents. This is perhaps the highest degree of protection that firmware is capable of. The holes should be located on the left side at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
Having folded all the sheets in the correct order and numbered them, you can clamp the documents in a special press and use a drill with a thin drill to make the necessary holes: two of which should be located at the edges (at least 2 cm away from them), one along center and two more – between the center and the outer holes.
To avoid damaging sheets of paper, use a cardboard cover.
When the holes are ready, all that remains is to sew a stack of documents, using nylon thread and a large needle, popularly called a gypsy needle. The scheme for filing documents in the archive in this case looks like this:
- From the back of the stack of papers, a needle is passed through the middle hole, leaving about 10 cm of thread (tail) behind. The thread is then pulled into the second hole from the top (although you can move down) and out again from the back.
- Next, like a snake, the needle and thread are brought out through the top hole (it turns out to be on the front side) and again “dives” down through the second hole from the top. Thus, one edge is already ready.
- Now, holding the thread at the middle hole, you need to insert the needle through it from the back (as at the beginning of the procedure) and bring it to its original position in order to direct it into the second hole from the bottom.
- Again, like a snake on the back of the documents, the needle is inserted into the lowest hole, and as soon as it is at the top, it is again directed down through the second hole.
- Thus, on the back side you already have two tails that need to be tied into a knot, cutting off the excess parts of the thread (if you use a special press, then you can release the papers from it only after this procedure) .
Having taken the documents out of the press, all that remains is to open the cover and mark the fold lines on the back side, which, turning back, will partially cover the tails of the threads.
In order for this bend to hold better, it is not only coated with PVA glue, but also glued in the middle with tape, in addition to which a rectangular piece of paper with information about numbering and stitching will also be placed on the threads.
On the side of such a book you can paste a piece of paper with the name: for example, “Sales Book for 2021.”
Bombora Publishing has published a book by Marie Kondo and Scott Sonenshein, “The Magic of Tidying Up at Work,” in which they tell you how to get your head and desk in order, even if you’re not working in an office, but sitting at work. remotely. “Afisha Daily” publishes a fragment of the book.
The basic rule in working with papers is to throw away everything. My clients always look dumbfounded when I say this. Of course, I don’t mean that you need to completely destroy all paper documents. I’m just trying to convey to the interlocutor what iron determination is needed to select only those documents that are truly absolutely necessary and throw away everything else. In the workplace, nothing bothers us more than the paperwork that seems to pile up faster than we can realize it. Paper sheets seem so thin that we often leave them with us without thinking. However, when we have to parse them, this process consumes a lot of time, because we need to make sure that we know their contents. What’s even worse: the more papers we accumulate, the more time it takes to search for a specific document or report and the more difficult it is to put them in order. For this reason, I recommend setting aside time in your schedule to organize your paperwork.
As with other categories, first, collect all your papers in a pile and look at each one.
Instead, you should check their contents. Even letters and documents in envelopes should be removed and examined page by page in case flyers or other unwanted materials have crept into them.
It may be helpful to sort papers into categories while you skim through their contents. Then, after completing this process, it will be faster and easier to put them in the right places. Paper documents can be divided into three broad categories: “needs to be reviewed,” “must be kept,” and “kept because you want to.”
The “requiring review” category includes documents that require some action on your part, such as invoices and project proposals, that require feedback. I recommend storing them all in one vertical filing cabinet until you’ve sorted them out. Then they will not mix with documents from other categories.
Now let’s take a look at the documents we are required to keep. We are required by law to keep certain types of reports, bank statements, contracts, etc. for a certain period of time, regardless of whether we are pleased with them or not. Sort them by category and send them for storage on a document rack or shelves. If there is no need to store the originals, you can scan them and store them electronically. In this case, it will be more efficient to put such documents in a separate pile and then scan everything in one go.
The last category is paper documents that you want to keep for other reasons. For example, those that you consider necessary to keep on hand as a reference, or those that really make you happy. Whether to store them or not is entirely up to you. But since when people hold on to their things “just because,” relapse problems often arise, keep in mind that the basic rule for papers is to throw everything away.
During tidying lessons, when a client has a hard time deciding which documents to keep and which to throw away, I bombard him with questions about each piece of paper: “When will you need this?”, “How long have you been keeping this?”, “ How often do you re-read this?”, “Can you find the same content on the Internet?”, “Have you already transferred this to your computer?”, “Will you have problems if you get rid of this?”, “Are you sure that does this bring you joy?
If you find that you can’t decide whether to save a particular document, don’t relax. Don’t miss this precious opportunity. Ask the hard questions and promise yourself to get through the paperwork so thoroughly and thoroughly that you’ll never have to host an event this large again.
You may find that you can get rid of almost all paper documents, but this, of course, depends on the specifics of your work. One high school teacher told me that she had digitized everything she needed, completely emptying two filing cabinets and making her work more efficient.
One business manager I know made a habit of determining whether he needs to keep a document right at the moment of receipt. The unnecessary document was immediately sent under the knife, and piles of paper stopped accumulating. But you need to be careful when using a shredder. The same manager was used to turning it on so quickly that he once put a letter from one of his subordinates with a letter of resignation on the ribbons, along with an envelope. (To be fair, it was my former boss, and the application he accidentally destroyed was mine.)
Some readers may feel uneasy when they reach this point in the book. Even if you sort out all the papers, they will inevitably accumulate again, making a recurrence of clutter just as inevitable. But don’t worry! As long as you follow the three storage rules outlined below, you’ll never be bogged down with paper clutter again.
Rule one: classify all documents down to the last sheet.
First, sort your documents into clear categories: presentations, project proposals, reports, invoices. You can also sort them by dates, projects, or names of individual clients, patients, or students. One client of mine, for example, set aside special folders for “design ideas,” “management ideas,” “English teaching materials,” and “documents to keep in mind.” Use the system that works best for you.
The main thing is to never keep a single piece of paper “just like that.” Now is the time to categorize your documents in a way that will make your work easier. Make sure that each paper is assigned to a category.
Rule two: store documents in a vertical position.
You probably know people who are always muttering: “Where did that folder go?” This is often because they keep their documents in piles on their desks. This storage method has two disadvantages. First, it’s harder to determine how many documents you have, so you don’t notice how many of them accumulate over time, and as a result, your desk ends up cluttered. Secondly, you forget about those documents that are at the bottom of the pile and spend a lot of time looking for them.
It is optimal to store documents in vertically placed folders. Place each category of documents in a separate folder and store them in a filing cabinet or drawer tucked away on a shelf. With this storage method, it’s easy to understand how many documents you have. In addition, they look neat and tidy.
Rule three: designate a drawer for documents that require review.
Designate a separate drawer for documents that you need to deal with on that particular day. Again, I recommend storing them vertically so you can clearly see how many documents need to be processed. If you prefer, you can use a tray-type filing cabinet and place them in a stack, but be careful not to forget about the existence of documents at the very bottom. Once you’ve processed documents that require review, get rid of those that don’t need to be kept.
Organizing your paperwork makes your job incredibly easier because you know exactly how many of each type of document you have and where they are located. Once you’ve sorted your documents and allocated a specific place for each category, take a look at your workspace and determine the maximum available space for storing them. When you exceed this limit, papers will begin to spill out of the space allotted to them. This is a signal that they need to be sorted out. Find documents that no longer need to be kept and part with them. If you carry out such checks regularly, you can always keep your documents in order.
Idea No. 7 – a heart made of paper using the quilling technique
The art of paper rolling dates back to the 14th and 15th centuries and is still a favorite hobby of adults and children because it can be used to create stunning decorative elements, such as hearts.
For quilling, prepare:
- kraft paper;
- quilling strips of 2 types: width 7.5 mm, length – 22 cm and 11 cm;
- template ruler;
- quilling tools;
Let’s start creating:
cardboard frame 1-3 cm wide
- From strips 22 and 11 cm long twist
circles using a template ruler.
- Attach one by one
to the frame with hot glue.
- Gradually fill in
base on both sides.
rope/ribbon in the center of the heart
If you want the craft to be more magnificent, make a heart out of corrugated paper.
Make a paper heart with your own hands and give it to a loved one – such a cute gift will certainly evoke a sea of positive emotions!
- Print the template or redraw it.
- Trim the excess cardboard along the outside lines.
- Fold in the inside lines.
- Assemble step by step as shown in the picture.
- Glue the edges.
Volumetric 3D heart is ready! It can become an original gift box. I recommend watching the detailed video lesson!
The heart is a symbol of love, by making it with our own hands we once again remind our neighbor of our feelings, we give a piece of ourselves and our creativity!
Simple hearts made from paper strips
Hearts are easy to make from paper strips using a stapler.
Dip one edge of the heart in glue.
We use them to decorate a whole tree, into the silhouette of which it is very easy to turn the contours of a child’s hand cut out of brown paper.
One by one, glue the hearts to the palm.
This way you can design a greeting card or a painting.
Slightly more complex hearts are made from strips of colored paper, the ends of which are twisted into curls. You can make a very beautiful, elegant pendant from such hearts.
You can cut out a heart from paper, cut it into strips and glue it onto a plastic tube. We will make a very simple and cute Valentine card.
Recommendations for choosing printing formats for books
The most popular formats in the Soviet Union were 60×90/16 and 84×108/32.
Typographic format 60×90/16 is most often used in the process of printing educational literature, which contains diagrams, tables, illustrations and a lot of text. For fiction books, the format in question is relevant if the volume of the work is large (but at the same time, it should not be sufficient to divide the manuscript into several volumes).
The 84×108/32 format is used when printing art books. Its width is identical to the previous one, and the height parameter completely repeats the similar value of the 84×108/32 format. In some ways, the 84×108/32 format is considered unsatisfactory: the line length is too long for books intended for quick reading, and the height is too small to accommodate large tables and charts.
Reduced formats 70×90/32 and 75×90/32 are used when printing books designed for quick reading, reference and popular science literature. The 75×90/32 format strip exceeds the same indicator of the 70×90/32 format by 12 mm, which allows you to place more text and, accordingly, reduce the cost of book production.
The rare and therefore interesting format 70×108/32 is ideal for printing works presented in poetic form. In addition, art books with a large number of illustrations are often printed in the 70×108/32 format.
The use of 60×90/32 and 60×84/32 formats allows you to produce very convenient pocket products: reference books, dictionaries, guidebooks, phrase books, etc. Another current area of application is printing art books in paperbacks.
The typographic format 70×90/16 is especially relevant for books with a large number of large-format illustrations or children’s works with large font.
Even larger formats 70×100/16 and 70×108/16 are used in the process of printing literature that requires the placement of long tables, illustrations and large formulas.
The most popular encyclopedic format is 60×84/8. It is used in the production of large dictionaries or encyclopedias. In order to optimize paper space, the text part in such books is sometimes placed in two or three columns. The 60×84/8 typographic format is also used when printing children’s literature and art books with a large amount of illustrated material.
If, based on the results of printing your work, you want to get a truly original product, try to choose an option with a non-standard format (you must agree that a completely square book, or, conversely, a very elongated one, will look interesting).
The capabilities of many modern printing houses are practically unlimited; together with specialists, you will definitely be able to choose the most optimal option for yourself.
North American Standard
Current American paper sizes are based on the old inch unit and are defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The most commonly used formats in everyday activities are “letter”, “legal” and “ledger”/”tabloid”. The source of the “letter” format (8.5 × 11 inches or 216 × 279 mm) goes back to tradition and is not known for certain.
North American paper sizes are government standards in the United States and the Philippines (however, Philippine “legal” is 8.5 x 13 inches, which is different from American “legal”), and are also widely used in Canada, Mexico and some countries of South America.
| Popular |
| Classification |
|in mm||in inches|| Ratio |
|Similar ISO format||Latin American format|
|Half Letter||216 × 140||8.5 × 5.5||1: 1.5455||A5 (210 × 148)||Media Card|
|Letter||ANSI A||216 × 280||8.5 × 11||1: 1.3002||A4 (210 × 297)||Carta|
|Government Legal||216 × 330||8.5 × 13||1: 1.5294||C4 (229×324)||Oficio|
|Legal||216 × 356||8.5 × 14||1: 1.6471||B4 (250 × 353)||Legal|
| Ledger or |
|ANSI B||279 × 432||11 × 17||1: 1.5455||A3 (297 × 420)||Tabloide|
|ANSI C||432 × 559||17 × 22||1: 1.2941||A2 (420 × 594)|
|ANSI D||559 × 864||22 × 34||1: 1.5455||A1 (594 × 841)|
|ANSI E||864 × 1121||34 × 44||1: 1.2941||A0 (841 × 1189)|
Hearts made from paper cupcake cups
Hearts cut out of paper cupcake liners are interesting. Cut out the heart from the mold.
Let’s straighten it out.
You can color them using prints made with cotton swabs.
Moisten such prints a little with water and you will get an original color.
You can glue a ribbon to the heart.
Heart using quilling technique
In order to make a heart using the quilling technique, we need quilling paper. We roll paper into rolls (the basic elements of quilling). If you glue paper strips of different colors together, you will get very interesting two-color rolls.
Make a heart out of paper rolls. We fix each roll with glue.
Heart using quilling technique – ready! With this heart you can decorate a greeting card or make an original Valentine’s card for your loved one.
And here is a wonderful heart using the contour quilling technique:
To make a heart, take a square of red paper. Special paper from origami kits is best, but you can also use regular colored paper. Cut the square into two parts.
Fold the triangle, then straighten it.
Fold the top of the triangle down along the center line.
Fold the side part up.
Fold the other part.
Turn the workpiece over. We bend one end to the side.
Bend the other end and press tightly.
We bend the upper and side parts of the heart, giving it a rounded shape.
It is good to fix these parts with glue or double-sided adhesive tape.
The back of the heart will have a pocket in which you can put a note.
If we add bows to our hearts, we will get a very nice souvenir.
Look at the video on how to make a beautiful origami heart:
And here is a more complicated option – a heart with wings:
Look at the video – how to make another origami paper heart. It can be used as a bookmark.
Heart with wings and hiding place
- paper: white on one side, red on the other;
Steps on how to make a paper heart using the origami technique:
sheet to make a square.
sheet in half, colored side out.
the leaf in the other direction is also red outward.
– got 4 bends.
cut the bottom half in half, colored side up.
top half towards the center.
- Lower right corner fold
towards the center, leaving the white “valve” open.
- Similarly fold
cover 1/3 of the top part.
the right side of only the folded leaf.
- Do the same
on the left, straighten with your hands.
- Fold the right side panel
at an angle of 90 degrees. The left one is exactly the same.
right corner, starting from the junction of the wing and the heart.
- Similarly do
Don’t forget, this paper heart has 2 secret pockets for love messages.
Paper heart (openwork postcard)
For the openwork heart, we need to cut out three hearts of different sizes and shapes from red paper, one heart from pink paper, as well as a frame and a declaration of love.
Glue the large hearts together so that the red plain one is in the back, the red openwork one in the center, and the pink one in the front.
Glue a declaration of love.
Glue a small red heart on top. The paper heart is ready – all that remains is to hand it to your loved one.
Heart made from pieces of paper
In order to make a heart we will need to cut out a base from white paper. To do this, fold a sheet of paper in half and cut out half a heart on the fold. Open both halves and the base of the craft is ready.
Cut out strips from pink paper. You can use paper of different shades.
Cut pink paper. It is not necessary to cut it into even squares – random cuts look interesting in their own way.
Apply glue to the base and glue our paper cuts.
Heart applique made from pieces of paper – ready!
Paper size charts
Standard paper sizes
|Row A||Row B||Row C|
A NSI B
A NSI B
A NSI C
A NSI D
A NSI E
A NSI E
Requirements for the preparation of bound documents
Do not stitch using a stapler, glue, or paper clips. They do not provide the appropriate level of protection: with such fastening methods, you can quietly remove the fastening element, remove the sheets, replace them or add new ones.
If an auditor, tax service or other regulatory body sees a document stitched in this way, the organization may have various kinds of problems, starting with refusal to accept reports and ending with the issuance of an ultimatum to immediately correct all important papers in the archives.
Important! If you doubt your own skills or are faced with the need to reflash a large volume of documents, it makes sense to turn to professionals for help.
Services of this kind are provided by archives and printing houses. At the same time, there is no need to wait for immediate execution of the order due to the workload of organizations.
They have a lot of work especially during the period of submitting reports and diplomas.
The number of holes actually plays an important role. When determining the required number, you should start from the importance of the contract. The simplest documentation in terms of content is stitched with 2 holes, and especially valuable documentation with 5 holes.
The distance between the holes is also taken into account. The best option: each is located at a distance of 3 cm from the previous one. To meet the requirement, preparatory alignment is carried out: they plan in advance where the holes need to be made.
However ruling does not always help
. For example, skewed holes often occur when filing very thick documents or magazines. When working with them, you should use an awl and act extremely carefully.
It is better to thread the thread you are using into the needle – it will help with correct and accurate insertion.
Close attention is paid to page numbering. Key points on the issue:
- Arabic numerals are used;
- numbers are arranged in ascending order;
- place of insertion: upper right corner;
- the number must not go beyond the edge of the sheet;
- applications are also subject to numbering;
- type of numbering for the application: continuous;
- when attaching a letter, the report is made starting from the envelope (the first number is put on it);
- each page of the letter is numbered depending on the order of presentation;
- when working with a case presented in several volumes, the contents of each of them are numbered separately.
Printing also requires a special approach. It must be installed last and in such a way that it is simultaneously on the firmware sheet and on the document. If an individual entrepreneur does not have a personal seal, then he can skip this step.
Important! If the document is then inserted into a folder, then there is no need to glue the “stitched, numbered, signed” sheet on the back of the folder. The right place for this is the back side of the last stitched sheet.
When filling out the stitching sheet, there is no need to grind. Each piece of information should be easy to read. Abbreviations are also not allowed. In addition, you should format the entry so that it goes both on top of the document and on top of the pasted rectangle of paper.
Important! If certification is carried out on the basis of a power of attorney, its number and date of signing must be indicated.
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