Papercraft for beginners: assembling models in 3 stages

Heart with roses applique made from rolled paper

An interesting paper heart is made using the appliqué technique from curled paper. We will need to roll the colored paper into a tube, then cut the tube into small curl pieces.

Нарезаем трубочку на кусочки-завитки
Cut the tube into curl pieces

Fix the ends of the curls with glue so that the curl is sufficiently free. Glue the curls onto the paper base.

Приклеиваем завитки на бумажную основу
Glue the curls onto the paper base

Glue small green curls onto the base. Here is a “heart” applique decorated with a bouquet of roses!

Аппликация "сердце с розами"
Applique “heart with roses”

Five holes

Five holes are used mainly for stapling accounting documents, since in the end their thickness turns out to be much greater than that of ordinary documents. This is perhaps the highest degree of protection that firmware is capable of. The holes should be located on the left side at a distance of 5 cm from each other.

Having folded all the sheets in the correct order and numbered them, you can clamp the documents in a special press and use a drill with a thin drill to make the necessary holes: two of which should be located at the edges (at least 2 cm away from them), one along center and two more – between the center and the outer holes.

To avoid damaging sheets of paper, use a cardboard cover.

When the holes are ready, all that remains is to sew a stack of documents, using nylon thread and a large needle, popularly called a gypsy needle. The scheme for filing documents in the archive in this case looks like this:

  • From the back of the stack of papers, a needle is passed through the middle hole, leaving about 10 cm of thread (tail) behind. The thread is then pulled into the second hole from the top (although you can move down) and out again from the back.
  • Next, like a snake, the needle and thread are brought out through the top hole (it turns out to be on the front side) and again “dives” down through the second hole from the top. Thus, one edge is already ready.
  • Now, holding the thread at the middle hole, you need to insert the needle through it from the back (as at the beginning of the procedure) and bring it to its original position in order to direct it into the second hole from the bottom.
  • Again, like a snake on the back of the documents, the needle is inserted into the lowest hole, and as soon as it is at the top, it is again directed down through the second hole.
  • Thus, on the back side you already have two tails that need to be tied into a knot, cutting off the excess parts of the thread (if you use a special press, then you can release the papers from it only after this procedure) .

Having taken the documents out of the press, all that remains is to open the cover and mark the fold lines on the back side, which, turning back, will partially cover the tails of the threads.

In order for this bend to hold better, it is not only coated with PVA glue, but also glued in the middle with tape, in addition to which a rectangular piece of paper with information about numbering and stitching will also be placed on the threads.

On the side of such a book you can paste a piece of paper with the name: for example, “Sales Book for 2021.”

Bombora Publishing has published a book by Marie Kondo and Scott Sonenshein, “The Magic of Tidying Up at Work,” in which they tell you how to get your head and desk in order, even if you’re not working in an office, but sitting at work. remotely. “Afisha Daily” publishes a fragment of the book.

The basic rule in working with papers is to throw away everything. My clients always look dumbfounded when I say this. Of course, I don’t mean that you need to completely destroy all paper documents. I’m just trying to convey to the interlocutor what iron determination is needed to select only those documents that are truly absolutely necessary and throw away everything else. In the workplace, nothing bothers us more than the paperwork that seems to pile up faster than we can realize it. Paper sheets seem so thin that we often leave them with us without thinking. However, when we have to parse them, this process consumes a lot of time, because we need to make sure that we know their contents. What’s even worse: the more papers we accumulate, the more time it takes to search for a specific document or report and the more difficult it is to put them in order. For this reason, I recommend setting aside time in your schedule to organize your paperwork.

As with other categories, first, collect all your papers in a pile and look at each one.

Instead, you should check their contents. Even letters and documents in envelopes should be removed and examined page by page in case flyers or other unwanted materials have crept into them.

It may be helpful to sort papers into categories while you skim through their contents. Then, after completing this process, it will be faster and easier to put them in the right places. Paper documents can be divided into three broad categories: “needs to be reviewed,” “must be kept,” and “kept because you want to.”

The “requiring review” category includes documents that require some action on your part, such as invoices and project proposals, that require feedback. I recommend storing them all in one vertical filing cabinet until you’ve sorted them out. Then they will not mix with documents from other categories.

Now let’s take a look at the documents we are required to keep. We are required by law to keep certain types of reports, bank statements, contracts, etc. for a certain period of time, regardless of whether we are pleased with them or not. Sort them by category and send them for storage on a document rack or shelves. If there is no need to store the originals, you can scan them and store them electronically. In this case, it will be more efficient to put such documents in a separate pile and then scan everything in one go.

The last category is paper documents that you want to keep for other reasons. For example, those that you consider necessary to keep on hand as a reference, or those that really make you happy. Whether to store them or not is entirely up to you. But since when people hold on to their things “just because,” relapse problems often arise, keep in mind that the basic rule for papers is to throw everything away.

During tidying lessons, when a client has a hard time deciding which documents to keep and which to throw away, I bombard him with questions about each piece of paper: “When will you need this?”, “How long have you been keeping this?”, “ How often do you re-read this?”, “Can you find the same content on the Internet?”, “Have you already transferred this to your computer?”, “Will you have problems if you get rid of this?”, “Are you sure that does this bring you joy?

If you find that you can’t decide whether to save a particular document, don’t relax. Don’t miss this precious opportunity. Ask the hard questions and promise yourself to get through the paperwork so thoroughly and thoroughly that you’ll never have to host an event this large again.

You may find that you can get rid of almost all paper documents, but this, of course, depends on the specifics of your work. One high school teacher told me that she had digitized everything she needed, completely emptying two filing cabinets and making her work more efficient.

One business manager I know made a habit of determining whether he needs to keep a document right at the moment of receipt. The unnecessary document was immediately sent under the knife, and piles of paper stopped accumulating. But you need to be careful when using a shredder. The same manager was used to turning it on so quickly that he once put a letter from one of his subordinates with a letter of resignation on the ribbons, along with an envelope. (To be fair, it was my former boss, and the application he accidentally destroyed was mine.)

Some readers may feel uneasy when they reach this point in the book. Even if you sort out all the papers, they will inevitably accumulate again, making a recurrence of clutter just as inevitable. But don’t worry! As long as you follow the three storage rules outlined below, you’ll never be bogged down with paper clutter again.

Rule one: classify all documents down to the last sheet.

First, sort your documents into clear categories: presentations, project proposals, reports, invoices. You can also sort them by dates, projects, or names of individual clients, patients, or students. One client of mine, for example, set aside special folders for “design ideas,” “management ideas,” “English teaching materials,” and “documents to keep in mind.” Use the system that works best for you.

The main thing is to never keep a single piece of paper “just like that.” Now is the time to categorize your documents in a way that will make your work easier. Make sure that each paper is assigned to a category.

Rule two: store documents in a vertical position.

You probably know people who are always muttering: “Where did that folder go?” This is often because they keep their documents in piles on their desks. This storage method has two disadvantages. First, it’s harder to determine how many documents you have, so you don’t notice how many of them accumulate over time, and as a result, your desk ends up cluttered. Secondly, you forget about those documents that are at the bottom of the pile and spend a lot of time looking for them.

It is optimal to store documents in vertically placed folders. Place each category of documents in a separate folder and store them in a filing cabinet or drawer tucked away on a shelf. With this storage method, it’s easy to understand how many documents you have. In addition, they look neat and tidy.

Rule three: designate a drawer for documents that require review.

Designate a separate drawer for documents that you need to deal with on that particular day. Again, I recommend storing them vertically so you can clearly see how many documents need to be processed. If you prefer, you can use a tray-type filing cabinet and place them in a stack, but be careful not to forget about the existence of documents at the very bottom. Once you’ve processed documents that require review, get rid of those that don’t need to be kept.

Organizing your paperwork makes your job incredibly easier because you know exactly how many of each type of document you have and where they are located. Once you’ve sorted your documents and allocated a specific place for each category, take a look at your workspace and determine the maximum available space for storing them. When you exceed this limit, papers will begin to spill out of the space allotted to them. This is a signal that they need to be sorted out. Find documents that no longer need to be kept and part with them. If you carry out such checks regularly, you can always keep your documents in order.

Idea No. 7 – a heart made of paper using the quilling technique

The art of paper rolling dates back to the 14th and 15th centuries and is still a favorite hobby of adults and children because it can be used to create stunning decorative elements, such as hearts.

For quilling, prepare:

  • cardboard;
  • kraft paper;
  • glue;
  • quilling strips of 2 types: width 7.5 mm, length – 22 cm and 11 cm;
  • template ruler;
  • quilling tools;
  • rope/tape.

Let’s start creating:

  • Make
    cardboard frame 1-3 cm wide

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 046

  • From strips 22 and 11 cm long twist
    circles using a template ruler.
  • Attach one by one
    to the frame with hot glue.
  • Gradually fill in
    base on both sides.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 048

  • Tie
    rope/ribbon in the center of the heart

If you want the craft to be more magnificent, make a heart out of corrugated paper.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 055

Make a paper heart with your own hands and give it to a loved one – such a cute gift will certainly evoke a sea of ​​positive emotions!

Master class

  1. Print the template or redraw it.
    Объёмное 3D сердце шаблон
  2. Trim the excess cardboard along the outside lines.
    Объёмное 3D сердце
  3. Fold in the inside lines.
    Объёмное 3D сердце
  4. Assemble step by step as shown in the picture.
    Объёмное 3D сердце
  5. Glue the edges.

Volumetric 3D heart is ready! It can become an original gift box. I recommend watching the detailed video lesson!

The heart is a symbol of love, by making it with our own hands we once again remind our neighbor of our feelings, we give a piece of ourselves and our creativity!

Simple hearts made from paper strips

Hearts are easy to make from paper strips using a stapler.

Сердечки из бумаги
Paper hearts

Dip one edge of the heart in glue.

Обмакиваем в клей
Dip in glue

We use them to decorate a whole tree, into the silhouette of which it is very easy to turn the contours of a child’s hand cut out of brown paper.

Дерево из отпечатка ручки
Penprint Tree

One by one, glue the hearts to the palm.

Приклеиваем сердечки
Glue hearts

This way you can design a greeting card or a painting.

Аппликация из сердечек
Heart applique

Slightly more complex hearts are made from strips of colored paper, the ends of which are twisted into curls. You can make a very beautiful, elegant pendant from such hearts.

Сердечки из цветной бумаги
Colored paper hearts

You can cut out a heart from paper, cut it into strips and glue it onto a plastic tube. We will make a very simple and cute Valentine card.

Сердечко - валентинка
Heart – Valentine

Recommendations for choosing printing formats for books

The most popular formats in the Soviet Union were 60×90/16 and 84×108/32.

Typographic format 60×90/16 is most often used in the process of printing educational literature, which contains diagrams, tables, illustrations and a lot of text. For fiction books, the format in question is relevant if the volume of the work is large (but at the same time, it should not be sufficient to divide the manuscript into several volumes).

The 84×108/32 format is used when printing art books. Its width is identical to the previous one, and the height parameter completely repeats the similar value of the 84×108/32 format. In some ways, the 84×108/32 format is considered unsatisfactory: the line length is too long for books intended for quick reading, and the height is too small to accommodate large tables and charts.

Reduced formats 70×90/32 and 75×90/32 are used when printing books designed for quick reading, reference and popular science literature. The 75×90/32 format strip exceeds the same indicator of the 70×90/32 format by 12 mm, which allows you to place more text and, accordingly, reduce the cost of book production.

The rare and therefore interesting format 70×108/32 is ideal for printing works presented in poetic form. In addition, art books with a large number of illustrations are often printed in the 70×108/32 format.

The use of 60×90/32 and 60×84/32 formats allows you to produce very convenient pocket products: reference books, dictionaries, guidebooks, phrase books, etc. Another current area of ​​application is printing art books in paperbacks.

The typographic format 70×90/16 is especially relevant for books with a large number of large-format illustrations or children’s works with large font.

Even larger formats 70×100/16 and 70×108/16 are used in the process of printing literature that requires the placement of long tables, illustrations and large formulas.

The most popular encyclopedic format is 60×84/8. It is used in the production of large dictionaries or encyclopedias. In order to optimize paper space, the text part in such books is sometimes placed in two or three columns. The 60×84/8 typographic format is also used when printing children’s literature and art books with a large amount of illustrated material.

If, based on the results of printing your work, you want to get a truly original product, try to choose an option with a non-standard format (you must agree that a completely square book, or, conversely, a very elongated one, will look interesting).

The capabilities of many modern printing houses are practically unlimited; together with specialists, you will definitely be able to choose the most optimal option for yourself.

North American Standard

Current American paper sizes are based on the old inch unit and are defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The most commonly used formats in everyday activities are “letter”, “legal” and “ledger”/”tabloid”. The source of the “letter” format (8.5 × 11 inches or 216 × 279 mm) goes back to tradition and is not known for certain.

North American paper sizes are government standards in the United States and the Philippines (however, Philippine “legal” is 8.5 x 13 inches, which is different from American “legal”[6]), and are also widely used in Canada, Mexico and some countries of South America.

in mm in inches Ratio
Similar ISO format Latin American format
Half Letter 216 × 140 8.5 × 5.5 1: 1.5455 A5 (210 × 148) Media Card
Letter ANSI A 216 × 280 8.5 × 11 1: 1.3002 A4 (210 × 297) Carta
Government Legal 216 × 330 8.5 × 13 1: 1.5294 C4 (229×324) Oficio
Legal 216 × 356 8.5 × 14 1: 1.6471 B4 (250 × 353) Legal
Ledger or
ANSI B 279 × 432 11 × 17 1: 1.5455 A3 (297 × 420) Tabloide
ANSI C 432 × 559 17 × 22 1: 1.2941 A2 (420 × 594)
ANSI D 559 × 864 22 × 34 1: 1.5455 A1 (594 × 841)
ANSI E 864 × 1121 34 × 44 1: 1.2941 A0 (841 × 1189)

Hearts made from paper cupcake cups

Hearts cut out of paper cupcake liners are interesting. Cut out the heart from the mold.

Вырезаем сердечко
Cut out the heart

Let’s straighten it out.


You can color them using prints made with cotton swabs.

Наносим краску на сердечки
Apply paint to the hearts

Moisten such prints a little with water and you will get an original color.

Поливаем водой из пипетки
Pour water from a pipette

You can glue a ribbon to the heart.

Сердечко из бумажных формочек
Heart made from paper molds

Heart using quilling technique

In order to make a heart using the quilling technique, we need quilling paper. We roll paper into rolls (the basic elements of quilling). If you glue paper strips of different colors together, you will get very interesting two-color rolls.

Роллы из бумаги
Paper rolls

Make a heart out of paper rolls. We fix each roll with glue.

Выкладываем сердечко из роллов
Lay out the heart from the rolls

Heart using quilling technique – ready! With this heart you can decorate a greeting card or make an original Valentine’s card for your loved one.

Сердечко квиллинг
Quilling heart

And here is a wonderful heart using the contour quilling technique:

Origami heart

To make a heart, take a square of red paper. Special paper from origami kits is best, but you can also use regular colored paper. Cut the square into two parts.

Разрезаем квадрат
Cut the square

Fold the triangle, then straighten it.

Складываем треугольник
Fold the triangle

Fold the top of the triangle down along the center line.

Загибаем верхнюю часть
Bend the top part

Fold the side part up.

Загибаем боковую часть
Bend the side part

Fold the other part.

Загибаем другую часть
Fold the other part

Turn the workpiece over. We bend one end to the side.

Загибаем один конец
Bend one end

Bend the other end and press tightly.

Загибаем другой конец
Bend the other end

We bend the upper and side parts of the heart, giving it a rounded shape.

Загибаем верхние и боковые части
Bend the top and side parts

It is good to fix these parts with glue or double-sided adhesive tape.

Фиксируем загнутые кончики
Fix the bent ends

The back of the heart will have a pocket in which you can put a note.

Кармашек на сердечке
Heart pocket

If we add bows to our hearts, we will get a very nice souvenir.

Сердце оригами
Origami Heart

Look at the video on how to make a beautiful origami heart:

And here is a more complicated option – a heart with wings:

Look at the video – how to make another origami paper heart. It can be used as a bookmark.

Heart with wings and hiding place


  • paper: white on one side, red on the other;
  • scissors.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 001

Steps on how to make a paper heart using the origami technique:

  • Trim
    sheet to make a square.
  • Fold
    sheet in half, colored side out.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 004

  • Fold
    the leaf in the other direction is also red outward.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 006

  • Expand
    – got 4 bends.
  • Fold
    cut the bottom half in half, colored side up.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 008

  • Wrap
    top half towards the center.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 003

  • Lower right corner fold
    towards the center, leaving the white “valve” open.
  • Similarly fold
    left corner.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 011

  • Fold
    cover 1/3 of the top part.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 013

  • Open
    the right side of only the folded leaf.
  • Do the same
    on the left, straighten with your hands.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 015

  • Fold the right side panel
    at an angle of 90 degrees. The left one is exactly the same.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 018

  • Bend
    right corner, starting from the junction of the wing and the heart.
  • Similarly do
    left corner.

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 020

Don’t forget, this paper heart has 2 secret pockets for love messages.

Paper heart (openwork postcard)

For the openwork heart, we need to cut out three hearts of different sizes and shapes from red paper, one heart from pink paper, as well as a frame and a declaration of love.

Материалы для ажурного сердечка
Materials for an openwork heart

Glue the large hearts together so that the red plain one is in the back, the red openwork one in the center, and the pink one in the front.

Склеиваем сердечки
Gluing hearts

Glue a declaration of love.

Приклеиваем признание в любви
Glue a declaration of love

Glue a small red heart on top. The paper heart is ready – all that remains is to hand it to your loved one.

Сердце из бумаги с признанием в любви
Paper heart with a declaration of love

Heart made from pieces of paper

In order to make a heart we will need to cut out a base from white paper. To do this, fold a sheet of paper in half and cut out half a heart on the fold. Open both halves and the base of the craft is ready.

Бумажная основа
Paper base

Cut out strips from pink paper. You can use paper of different shades.

Полоски розовой бумаги
Strips of pink paper

Cut pink paper. It is not necessary to cut it into even squares – random cuts look interesting in their own way.

Нарезаем бумагу
Cutting paper

Apply glue to the base and glue our paper cuts.

Приклеиваем бумажные нарезки
Glue paper cuts

Heart applique made from pieces of paper – ready!

Аппликация сердце из кусочков бумаги
Heart applique made from pieces of paper

Paper size charts

Standard paper sizes

(GOST 5773-76)      

сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 015   B1


  •   C1
    • 648×917
  • A2

  •   420×594

    •   B2

    • 500×707 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 018



        • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 020 A3


          Кармашек на сердечке  B3


          Сердце оригами





          •   B4 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 001




            • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 004 A5


              • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 006   B5

                •   176×250


                •   162×229

                  сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 008


              • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 003   105×148

                •   B6

                •   125×176


                сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 011


                • A7 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 013



                • 9×13

                    Бумажная основа

                    Полоски розовой бумаги

                Row A   Row B   Row C
                Designation           mm           Designation           mm           Designation           mm        
                  A0 841×1189   B0   1000×1414   C0 917×1297
                A1 594×841
                B7 88×125 C7 81×114
                A8 52×74 B8 62×88   C8 57×81
                A9 37×52 B9 44×62
                A10 26×37 B10 31×44
                A11 18×26 B11 22×31
                A12   13×18 B12
              • 15×22

                Нарезаем бумагу

              • Read more

                Классификация ANSI Загибаем один конец


                See more

                View ISO

                Загибаем другую часть
                Загибаем верхние и боковые части


                  A NSI A

                Фиксируем загнутые кончики



                Кармашек на сердечке1:1,2941

                Сердце оригами




                • 1:1,6471 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 001


                  A NSI B

                • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 004 432×279

                  • 17×11

                  • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 006 1,5455:1

                    • A3


                    сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 008 A NSI B


                    • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 003 11×17

                      • 1:1,5455

                      • A3
                        • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 011

                            A NSI C

                            сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 013 432×559


                              • 1:1,2941


                              сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 015

                            • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 018 A NSI D


                                • 22×34

                                1:5455 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 020


                              Материалы для ажурного сердечка

                              A NSI E


                              Склеиваем сердечки



                              Приклеиваем признание в любви A0

                              Серия A

                              Сердце из бумаги с признанием в любви

                              Read more A0, has
                              area of ​​one square meter and ratio
                              sides 1:√2. The long side of the sheet has
                              length equal to approximately 1.189 m, length of short
                              sides – this is the inverse value of the indicated
                              values, approximately 0.841 m, the product of these
                              two lengths gives an area of ​​1 m²;

                              Size A1 is obtained by cutting a sheet of A0 along the short side into two equal parts, resulting in the same aspect ratio. This makes it possible to produce one standard paper size from another, which was not possible when using traditional sizes. Preserving the aspect ratio also means that when you scale an image from one format to another, the image’s proportions are maintained.

                              Serie B

                              Papercraft for beginners: assembling models in 3 stages

                              In addition to the A series of formats, there are also less common B series formats. B series sheets have the same aspect ratio as A series. Only B0 has a width of 1 m. The area of ​​B series sheets is the geometric average of the two subsequent A series sheets. For example, B1 The size is between A0 and A1, with an area of ​​0.71 m². As a result, B0 has dimensions of 1000×1414 mm.

                              Series B is almost never used in the office, but has a number of special applications, for example, many posters are published in these formats, B5 is often used for books, and these formats are also used for envelopes and passports.

                              Series C

                              Papercraft for beginners: assembling models in 3 stages

                              Series C is used for envelopes only and is defined in ISO 269. The area of ​​Series C sheets is equal to the geometric average of Series A and B sheets of the same number. For example, the area of ​​C4 is the geometric average of the area of ​​sheets A4 and B4, with C4 slightly larger than A4 and B4 slightly larger than C4. The practical meaning of this is that an A4 sheet can be placed in a C4 envelope, and a C4 envelope can be placed in a thick B4 envelope.
                              C6 162×114 mm – the main postal envelope format of the Soviet period.

                              North American Standard

                              Papercraft for beginners: assembling models in 3 stages

                              Currently used American formats are based on traditionally used dimensions, and are defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The most commonly used formats in daily activities are “Letter”, “Legal” and “Ledger” / “Tabloid”. The source of the “Letter” format (8.5×11 inches or 216×279 mm) goes back to tradition and is not exactly known.
                              North American paper sizes are government standards in the United States and the Philippines (however, Philippine “legal” is 8.5 x 13 inches, which is different from American “legal”), and are also widely used in Canada, Mexico and some South American countries .

                              Unlike standard A4 paper, which is a geometric subset of the range of paper sizes based on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard, the origins of Letter paper sizes are lost in tradition and are not clearly documented. The American Wood and Paper Association states that the dimensions date back to the days of hand-made paper, and that the 11-inch page length is a quarter of the “average maximum arm length of a skilled worker.” However, this does not explain the width or aspect ratio.

                              Publication formats

                              GOST (5773-76)


                              сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 015


                              Склеиваем сердечки Приклеиваем признание в любви




                              сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 006

                            • 84×100/32

                              • 70×100/256 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 008



                                сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 003

                              • 80×100/32

                                • 70×90/256 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 011



                                    сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 013

                                  • 84×90/32

                                  • 60×90/256 



                                      • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 018


                                      • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 020 60×84/256 


                                        Материалы для ажурного сердечка  






                                          Сердце из бумаги с признанием в любви




                                        Бумажная основа



                                        Полоски розовой бумаги



                                        Нарезаем бумагу



                                    • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 001  



                                      Large Average Small Miniature Babies
                                    84×108/8 70×100/16 70×100/32 70×90/64 60×90/512
                                    70×108/8 60×100/16 70×90/32 60×90/64 60×84/512
                                    70×100/8 75×90/16 75×90/32 60×84/64 84×108/1024 
                                    60×90/8 70×90/16 60×90/32 60×70/64 70×108/1024 
                                    60×84/6 60×90/16 60×84/32 84×108/128 70×100/1024 
                                    84×108/16 60×84/16 60×108/32 70×108/128 70×90/1024 
                                    84×108/16 70×84/16 70×100/32 70×100/128 60×90/1024 
                                    90×100/16 70×75/16 84×108/64 70×90/128 60×84/1024 
                                    84×100/16 60×108/16 70×108/64 60×90/128  
                                    70×108/16 60×70/16 100×84/64 60×84/128   
                                    80×100/16 84×108/32   84×108/256  


                                    определения формата книжного блока сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 004
                                    необходимо разложить значение доли листа (/16 , /32 и т.д.) на два наибольших множителя (16=4х4, 32= 4х8), затем разделить большую сторону листа на больший множитель, меньшую –  на меньший множитель;

                                    For example: 84×108/32 => 32=4×8 => [84/4]x[108/8] => 21×13.5

                                    If we now subtract 1 cm from the larger value, and 0.5 cm from the smaller one, we get the block format after trimming (for publications with landscape imposition, subtract 1 cm from the smaller value, and 0.5 from the larger one).

                                    Antique book and writing paper formats

                                     check folio  paper size 43.2×61 cm
                                     crown folio  book or paper format 25×38 cm
                                     demy folio  paper size 28.5×44 cm
                                     double folio  paper size 55.9×86.4 cm
                                     double-double folio  paper size 83.8×111.8 cm
                                     double imperial folio  paper size 38×56 cm
                                     elephant folio  paper size 35.5×58 cm
                                     extra-size folio  paper size 48.3×61 cm
                                     foolscap folio  book or paper format 21.5×34 cm
                                     foolscap long folio  writing paper format 16.5×40.6 cm
                                     imperial folio  paper size 38×56 cm
                                     crown quarto  book format 19×25 cm
                                     demy quarto  book format 22×28.5 cm
                                     double imperial quarto  printed paper format 73.7×114 cm
                                     foolscap quarto  book format 17×21.5 cm
                                     crown octavo  book format 13×19 cm; book format 14×20 cm;

                                    book height 20-25 cm
                                     demy octavo book format 14×22 cm
                                     imperial octavo book format: British. 19×25 cm; Amer. 21×29 cm
                                    large post octavo book format 13×21 cm

                                    Publication format
                                    is the size of a book block (in length and width) after three-sided trimming.

                                    The format is determined by the type and type of publication, its volume, circulation, the nature of the illustrative material contained in it, the reader’s purpose, terms of use, etc.
                                    The term “book format” apparently arose in the era of machine production, when there was a need to unify book sizes for its mass production and commodity exchange.

                                    The results of measurements of dozens of Russian books of the 11th-13th centuries showed that they did not have stable sizes. The format of the future book was chosen by the copyist based on its purpose, as well as in accordance with the tastes of the customer and his own desires. Altar gospels, richly illustrated and large books (prologues, collections, etc.) were made, as a rule, of large size (the height of the book block is more than 30 cm). These are, for example, the oldest handwritten books: the Ostromir Gospel (1056-1057), Izbornik Svyatoslav (1073), twelve volumes of the “Great Menaion of the Readings” (1547-1563), written on the initiative of Metropolitan Macarius, and others. Books intended for everyday use , had relatively small formats, and were distinguished by their simplicity of external and internal appearance. An example of this kind of book is the Archangel Gospel (1092) – a cheap book, apparently rewritten by order of the parish church of a peasant churchyard (small four format).

                                    With the beginning of the use of paper for making books
                                    their formats were based on the size (share) of a paper sheet. However, there were still no firmly established paper sizes, since they depended on the mesh dimensions of the paper sheet, which were set arbitrarily by the paper manufacturer. Over time, papermakers settled on two main sizes: the smaller one – 30×50 cm; the larger one is 50×70, which, however, was not strictly observed.

                                    To indicate the format of Russian handwritten books, a conventional unit of measurement was used – dest (Persian dest – right hand).


                                    сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 020



                                    Материалы для ажурного сердечка  B6


                                    Склеиваем сердечки



                                    Приклеиваем признание в любви              


                                    Сердце из бумаги с признанием в любви



                                    Бумажная основа 88×125



                                    Полоски розовой бумаги


                                    Нарезаем бумагу 52×74

                                      B8 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 011

                                    • 62×88

                                    C8 сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 013

                                    • 57×81

                                    • A9


                                    сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 015


                                    Format Size Format Size Format Size Format Size Format Size
                                      A0 841×1189   B0 1000×1414 C0 916×1296 K5 145х215 C54 185×260
                                    A1 594х841   B1 707×1000 C1 648×916 K6 125×125 C65 114×229
                                      A2   420×594   B2 500х707 C2 458×648 K7 90×140 K65 125×189
                                    A3 297×420   B3 354×500 C3 324×458 K8 150×150 DL (E 65) 110×220
                                      A4 210×297   B4 250×353 C4 229×324 K9 225×225 E4 220×320
                                      A5 148×210




                                      • сердце из бумаги своими руками фото 018 162×229

                                        • K10

                                        • 175×175


                                      44×62 C9 40×57
                                      A10 26×37   B10 31×44 C10 28×40

                                      DIN formats (metric)

                                      Format Width x length in mm
                                      1A   1189×1682
                                      A0 841×1189
                                      A1 594х841
                                      A2 420×594
                                      A3   305×457
                                      A3   297×420
                                      A4   210×297
                                      A5   148×210
                                      A6   105×148


                                      1; The area of ​​A0 format is 1 square. m.

                                      2. The ” ” sign in the format designation indicates the presence of an allowance compared to standard sizes. The amount of allowance may vary.

                                      3. For roll paper, the width corresponds to the narrow edge of the format, i.e. A1 means 594mm wide roll. The length of a standard roll for copying machines is 175 meters.

                                      Anglo-American standards formats

                                      Format Width x length in mm Width x length in inches Analogue DIN standard
                                      A  228×305 9×12 A4
                                      B 305×457 12×18 A3
                                      C  457×610 18×24 A2
                                      D 610х914 24×36 A1
                                      E 914×1219 36×48 A0

                                      Other international standard formats

                                      Бумажная основа 8.0×10.5


                                      Полоски розовой бумаги 216×317


                                      Format Width x length in mm Width x length in inches
                                       B4 (German format) 250×353 9.8×13.9
                                       B5 176×250 6.9×9.8
                                       B3 353×500 13.9×19.7
                                       B4 (Japanese format) 257×364 10.1×14.3
                                       B4 (American standard) 254×356 10.0×14.0
                                       Draft 254×406 10.0×16.0
                                       Folio 210×330 8.3×13.0
                                       Foolscap 216×356 8.5×13.0
                                       Foolscap (UK) 203х330 8.0×13.0
                                       Legal 216×356 8.5×14.0
                                       Gov. Legal 203х330 8.0×13.0
                                       Legal (Argentinian) 220×340 8.7×13.4
                                       Letter/US Quatro 216×279 8.5×11.0
                                       Gov. Letter 203х267

                                      Requirements for the preparation of bound documents
                                      Нарезаем бумагу

                                      Do not stitch using a stapler, glue, or paper clips. They do not provide the appropriate level of protection: with such fastening methods, you can quietly remove the fastening element, remove the sheets, replace them or add new ones.

                                      If an auditor, tax service or other regulatory body sees a document stitched in this way, the organization may have various kinds of problems, starting with refusal to accept reports and ending with the issuance of an ultimatum to immediately correct all important papers in the archives.

                                      Important! If you doubt your own skills or are faced with the need to reflash a large volume of documents, it makes sense to turn to professionals for help.

                                      Services of this kind are provided by archives and printing houses. At the same time, there is no need to wait for immediate execution of the order due to the workload of organizations.

                                      They have a lot of work especially during the period of submitting reports and diplomas.

                                      The number of holes actually plays an important role. When determining the required number, you should start from the importance of the contract. The simplest documentation in terms of content is stitched with 2 holes, and especially valuable documentation with 5 holes.

                                      The distance between the holes is also taken into account. The best option: each is located at a distance of 3 cm from the previous one. To meet the requirement, preparatory alignment is carried out: they plan in advance where the holes need to be made.

                                      However ruling does not always help
                                      . For example, skewed holes often occur when filing very thick documents or magazines. When working with them, you should use an awl and act extremely carefully.

                                      It is better to thread the thread you are using into the needle – it will help with correct and accurate insertion.

                                      Close attention is paid to page numbering. Key points on the issue:

                                      • Arabic numerals are used;
                                      • numbers are arranged in ascending order;
                                      • place of insertion: upper right corner;
                                      • the number must not go beyond the edge of the sheet;
                                      • applications are also subject to numbering;
                                      • type of numbering for the application: continuous;
                                      • when attaching a letter, the report is made starting from the envelope (the first number is put on it);
                                      • each page of the letter is numbered depending on the order of presentation;
                                      • when working with a case presented in several volumes, the contents of each of them are numbered separately.

                                      Printing also requires a special approach. It must be installed last and in such a way that it is simultaneously on the firmware sheet and on the document. If an individual entrepreneur does not have a personal seal, then he can skip this step.

                                      Important! If the document is then inserted into a folder, then there is no need to glue the “stitched, numbered, signed” sheet on the back of the folder. The right place for this is the back side of the last stitched sheet.

                                      When filling out the stitching sheet, there is no need to grind. Each piece of information should be easy to read. Abbreviations are also not allowed. In addition, you should format the entry so that it goes both on top of the document and on top of the pasted rectangle of paper.

                                      Important! If certification is carried out on the basis of a power of attorney, its number and date of signing must be indicated.

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