GOST 32716-2021 facing material based on impregnated papers with a deep degree of resin curing. technical specifications from July 08, 2021 –
Introduction date 2021-07-01
The goals, basic principles and basic procedure for carrying out work on interstate standardization are established GOST 1.0-92
“Interstate standardization system. Basic provisions” and GOST 1.2-2009
“Interstate standardization system. Interstate standards, rules and recommendations for interstate standardization. Rules for development, adoption, application, updating and cancellation”
1 DEVELOPED by the Autonomous Non-Profit Organization “Center for Certification of Forest Products “LESSERTIKA”
2 INTRODUCED by the Interstate Technical Committee for Standardization MTK 121 “Woodboards”
3 ADOPTED by the Interstate Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (protocol dated June 25, 2021 N 45-2021)
Voted for adoption:
4 By Order of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology dated July 8, 2021 N 695-st
interstate standard GOST 32716-2021 entered into force as a national standard of the Russian Federation from July 1, 2021
5 DRIVEN FOR THE FIRST TIME
Information about changes to this standard is published in the annual information index “National Standards”, and the text of changes and amendments is published in the monthly information index “National Standards”. In case of revision (replacement) or cancellation of this standard, the corresponding notice will be published in the monthly information index “National Standards”. Relevant information, notices and texts are also posted in the public information system – on the official website of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology on the Internet
This standard applies to facing materials, which are sheet films based on impregnated papers with a deep degree of resin curing.
The facing material is intended for cladding panel parts of furniture and wall panels.
This standard uses normative references to the following interstate standards:
System of occupational safety standards. Fire safety. General requirements
System of occupational safety standards. General sanitary and hygienic requirements for air in the working area
System of occupational safety standards. Fire fighting equipment for the protection of objects. Main types. Accommodation and service
System of occupational safety standards. Protective equipment for workers. General requirements and classification
System of occupational safety standards. Ventilation systems. General requirements
Wetting agent NB. Specifications
Base paper and two-layer waterproof packaging paper. Specifications
Parts and products made of wood and wood materials. Method for determining the resistance of paint and varnish coatings to variable temperatures
Paint and varnish materials. Methods for determining conditional light fastness
Parts and products made of wood and wood materials. Method for determining the resistance of protective and decorative coatings to staining
Parts and products made of wood and wood materials. Method for determining the abrasion resistance of protective and decorative coatings
Furniture, wood and polymer materials. Method for determining the release of formaldehyde and other harmful volatile chemicals in climate chambers
Wood boards and plywood. Determination of formaldehyde release by gas analysis
Note – When using this standard, it is advisable to check the validity of the reference standards using the “National Standards” index compiled as of January 1 of the current year, and according to the corresponding information indexes published in the current year. If the reference standard is replaced (changed), then when using this standard, you should be guided by the replacing (changed) standard. If the reference standard is canceled without replacement, then the provision in which a reference is made to it is applied in the part that does not affect this reference.
3.1 Facing material is manufactured according to the following types:
– decorative and primer films based on papers impregnated in urea-formaldehyde or urea-melamine-formaldehyde impregnating resins, intended for lining panel furniture parts with subsequent finishing with nitrocellulose, polyester varnishes, acid-curing varnishes, nitro- and polyester enamels;
– decorative films based on papers impregnated in urea-formaldehyde resins, modified with polyester emulsions, intended for lining panel furniture parts with subsequent finishing with polyester varnishes;
– decorative and primer films based on papers impregnated in adhesive urea-formaldehyde resin, intended for lining panel furniture parts with subsequent finishing with nitrocellulose varnishes and enamels;
– decorative films based on papers impregnated in urea-formaldehyde or urea-melamine-formaldehyde resin, intended for lining the internal surfaces of furniture, with the exception of kitchen furniture, without subsequent finishing.
3.2 The facing material can be:
– with a decorative pattern;
3.3 For the manufacture of facing materials, paper weighing up to 150 g/m is used according to the current regulatory and technical documentation of the following types:
– decorative roll paper;
– base paper for facing materials for the furniture industry;
– base paper for sheet facing materials for the furniture industry;
– rolled decorative and background paper, imported, meeting the requirements of the furniture industry.
3.4 For the manufacture of facing materials, urea-formaldehyde impregnating resins are used.
3.5 To obtain a polyester emulsion used in the manufacture of film type B
, use unsaturated polyester resins PN-35, PN-3S, wetting agent NB (nekal) according to GOST 6867
3.6 The facing material is produced in sheets and rolls. The size of the sheets is determined by agreement with the consumer.
3.7 The facing material must have a uniformly matte surface.
3.8 The following are not allowed in facing materials:
– shiny resin stripes and spots;
– wrinkles and folds;
– mechanical damage;
– blurry drawing;
– change the color of printing inks.
For films type C
A small amount of shiny resin streaks and spots are allowed.
3.9 Film quality indicators must comply with the standards given in Table 1.
Table 1 – Film quality indicators
Standard for films type
2 Content of volatile substances, %
3 Resinization, %
4 Content of water-soluble resin in the film, %, no more than
5 Adhesion to particle board, point
6 Conditional light fastness, h, no less:
According to GOST 21903
– for dark tones
– for light colors
7 Stain resistance (distilled water, for 6 hours), point
According to GOST 27627
8 Abrasion resistance, revolutions
According to GOST 27820
9 Resistance to variable temperatures, %, not less
According to GOST 19720
10 Barrier properties*, no less, times
* At the request of consumers, it is allowed to coordinate the barrier properties of the facing material based on the results of studies using the gas analytical method according to GOST 32155
4.1 When manufacturing facing materials, the components included in the impregnating composition are flammable and toxic.
Kernow – wide range of synthetic papers for digital printing
Collection of materials for digital printing KERNOW
– new unique collection of synthetic papers
, recommended for various applications, including highly specialized ones.
KERNOW materials – an innovative concept called “NON-PAPER”
Printing properties, abrasion resistance, washable, impact-resistant, grease-proof surface, water resistance – these and many other characteristics allow KERNOW synthetic materials to take a strong position in those areas where it is necessary to obtain bright printed impressions on digital editions with high requirements for quality, external presentation, long-term use and protection.
Format 450×320 mm (SRA3). Production – Great Britain.
At the moment, a complete list of materials, as well as catalogs, is available!
White plastic with a high degree of opacity for laser color duplex printing. Suitable for high speed color digital prints.
- the material does not need lamination.
- ideal for documents where strength and light weight are required, for menus
- is great for presentation covers.
COLORED OPAQUE KERNOW PLASTICS
Colored plastic with a high degree of opacity for laser single-sided printing.
Perforation is possible.
- pastel films are ideal for marking in high-traffic retail outlets, for price tags, dividers, signs (POS)
- Bright films are ideal for important notices, industrial markings and warning signs.
Transparent plastic for laser printing. Light transmittance ~ 90%. Transparent smooth material without paper backing. Compatible with most models of laser printers and copiers. Not recommended for Xerox Igen.
The material does not need lamination.
- suitable for presentation products, covers, inserts.
Double-sided material with high antistatic characteristics. Plastic has high tensile strength. Compatible with most models of laser printers and copiers. Not recommended for Xerox Igen. The material does not need lamination.
- suitable for matte binder covers and top sheets and durable linings
- is ideal for backlit devices such as vending machines and menus.
Metallized cardboard for laser printing with high reflectivity. Recommended for printing on dry toner equipment. Manufactured to high standards, quality toner adhesion is guaranteed.
The metallized, highly reflective surface provides an unsurpassed result – the WOW effect – when printing in full color.
Self-adhesive film on paper backing for laser printing:
- white and transparent, glossy and matte, with removable and permanent adhesive.
GOST 8273-75 wrapping paper. technical specifications (as amended n 1, 2, 3) dated March 24, 1975 –
OKP 54 3500
Date of introduction 1976-01-01
1. DEVELOPED AND INTRODUCED by the Ministry of Forestry Industry of the USSR
I. A. Chizhova, O. A. Vasilyeva, Ph.D. tech. Sciences
2. APPROVED AND ENTERED INTO EFFECT by Resolution of the State Committee of Standards of the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated March 24, 1975 N 721
3. IN REPLACEMENT GOST 8273-57
4. REFERENCE REGULATIVE AND TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS
5. The validity period was lifted according to Protocol N 5-94 of the Interstate Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (IUS 11-12-94)
6. AND BUILDING (November 2001) with Amendments No. 1, 2, 3, approved in January 1981, March 1985, March 1990 (IUS 3-81, 6-85, 6 -90), Amendment (IUS 10-2001)
This standard applies to paper intended for packaging food, medicine and industrial products.
Mandatory requirements* for product quality are set out in clause 2.1 (table, indicators 2-5).
* Valid on the territory of the Russian Federation (Amendment, IUS 10-2001).
(Changed edition, Amendment No. 3).
1.1. Depending on the purpose and quality indicators, wrapping paper should be produced in nine grades:
A – from sulfate unbleached cellulose;
B – from sulfate wrapping pulp
B – from sulfite unbleached cellulose;
G – from sulfite wrapping pulp and wood pulp;
O – from sulfate, sulfite bleached cellulose;
O – from sulfate, sulfite bleached sulfite, unbleached cellulose and wood pulp
D – from unbleached cellulose, semi-cellulose and wood pulp
E – from waste paper, unbleached cellulose and fibrous waste from pulp and paper production.
F – composition is not standardized.
(Changed edition, Amendment No. 1).
1.2. Paper of grades B, G, E and Zh, intended for packaging food products and medicines, must be made with a composition approved by the USSR Ministry of Health.
(Changed edition, Amendment No. 3).
1.3. Paper must be produced in rolls and sheets. The width of the rolls and the dimensions of sheet paper are established by agreement between the manufacturer and the consumer.
Maximum deviations in the size of paper of all brands should not exceed ±5 mm, in paper intended for processing in automatic machines – ±2 mm.
An example of a symbol for grade A wrapping paper with a paper weight of 1 m 90 g:
Wrapping paper grade A-90 GOST 8273.
(Changed edition, Amendment No. 2, 3).
2.1a. The paper must be manufactured in accordance with the requirements of this standard according to technological regulations approved in the prescribed manner.
(Introduced additionally, Amendment No. 2).
2.1. Paper quality indicators must comply with the standards specified in the table.
Standard for stamp paper
1. Weight of paper area
1 m g
For paper grades A, B, O, O, D with area weight
1 m to (90±2) g
For other paper grades and weights
bursting resistance, kPa (kgf/cm), not less, for paper area
1 m, g
3. Breaking length on average in two directions, m, not less, for a mass of paper with an area of
1 m, g
1. By agreement with the consumer, it is allowed to produce paper of grades A, B, D weighing 1 m 90 g or more with a breaking length of at least 5000, 3300, 2400 m, respectively.
2 Paper containing in the composition more than 50% waste paper and waste from pulp and paper production is allowed to be produced:
grade E weighing 1 m 60 g or more with a breaking length of at least 2000 m;
grade Zh weighing 1 m 90-120 g with a breaking length of at least 2900 m;
weighing 1 m 130-160 g with a breaking length of at least 2700 m.
Polymer paper without printing | photo galleries |
Eco-friendly polymer mineral-filled paper EXTREME PAPER is an alternative to parchment and laminated foil.
The mineral content in the film reaches 50%, which gives the packaging rigidity and protective properties against UV radiation, ensures a tight fit of the material and a briquette shape (“twist effect”).
Used for packaging butter, margarines, ice cream, cottage cheese and curd products, yeast.
Combinations are available for packaging milk, dairy products, juices and other liquids.
High water, oil and grease resistance, bacteriological purity (protection by the “shell effect”), biological inertness, excellent barrier properties, safety, high tensile and puncture strength, whiteness, matte surface, good tactile properties (“pleasant to the touch”) .
EXTREME PAPER polymer paper extends the shelf life of curd products due to low vapor permeability up to 7 days.
EXTREME PAPER polymer paper decomposes within 4-5 months when exposed to intense solar radiation and wind; for 8-12 months in soil.
EXTREME PAPER can be used on almost all types of packaging equipment, and puts significantly less stress on the packaging equipment compared to foil. The transition to this material occurs only with minor adjustments of the equipment.
The standard thickness of the material is 60 microns.
View on the company website http:ru.ecolen-ural.com
- Film with a “twist” effect
- Wrapping paper
- Aseptic, bactericidal paper
- Moisture-resistant paper (moisture-resistant), incl. label
- Foil-laminated paper
- Paper-foil-polyethylene (buflen)
- Paper – parchment, sub-parchment
- Impregnated paper
- Biodegradable films
- Foil-laminated paper
- Packaging for sweets and other confectionery products
- Packaging and containers for milk, cheese and dairy products
- Anti-corrosion, inhibitor film
- Packaging for butter, margarine, mayonnaise
- Disposable tableware and packaging for fast food, in-flight meals
- Flexible packaging for masks, napkins and other cosmetics
- Films for flow pack packaging
- Polymer paper
- Packaging for butter, margarine, mayonnaise
- Mineral paper, stone
Synthetic paper: panacea or time bomb – all about paper
In the March issue of the magazine “Publish” there was an article by editor-in-chief Igor Terentyev about the use of synthetic paper. I will quote the summary of the article verbatim: “ Synthetic paper was created so that printing houses could obtain materials with the properties of films, but more “friendly” to printing processes. In Russia, the consumption of such materials is gradually growing. However, the greatest growth can be expected when the benefits of SB are finally appreciated by domestic customers of packaging and labels.”
It follows from the article that synthetic paper has absorbed all the best that traditional paper, films, and, in some cases, even fabrics have. But is everything really so rosy with synthetic paper?
The article mentions that to print on SB in analog printing technology, you need to choose the right printing mode, the same as for printing on non-absorbent material, use oxidants and ultraviolet inks. And many brands of synthetic paper are not suitable for printing on digital printing machines with dry toner. S B simply cannot withstand the temperature of the fastening unit. Have you ever tried cutting film? Agree that doing this is much more difficult than cutting paper.
Synthetic types of paper have been used for a long time, including in printing. For example, geographical maps are printed on them. The composite, in the form of paper coated with a polymer film, is widely used in the packaging of meat, dairy and other food products. Composite materials based on cardboard and paper have made it possible to create many construction and interior materials. They are environmentally friendly and durable.
I cannot accept the statement that synthetic film with a bumified coating “absorbed all the best that traditional paper has.” I assure you, gentlemen, this is not so!
The main advantage of paper is the renewability of raw materials. Trees can and should be planted and grown for further processing. This is not the oil from which polyethylene, polypropylene and polyesters are obtained, which many call synthetic paper.
Paper and cardboard are also successfully recycled after use. You can make paper and cardboard again. In Europe, already about 60% of paper used is returned to paper and cardboard recycling, and there is a goal to increase this figure to 90%. It is also important that paper is easily absorbed by nature without harming it. Can all films boast this property?
The article rightly notes such qualities of SB as durability, resistance to chemicals and natural factors. So use it where it is required – in special cases. But why advocate for an unjustified increase in the volume of its use?
Doesn’t polymer packaging bring us enough trouble? Look at the picture that opens in the Moscow region under the March snow? Environmentalists say that polymers take up to 500 years to decompose!
Every manufacturer today must answer the question: “What to do with production waste and how to recycle the manufactured product after its use?” Please note how they solve the problem of packaging recycling in Germany
. Are you and I ready to treat packaging the same way as Europeans? Is the infrastructure in place to properly dispose of polymers? After all, many of them cannot be burned due to the toxicity of the emitted gas!
“If humanity does not give up disposable bottles, bags and cups, as well as cosmetics with plastic microparticles, then by 2050 there will be more plastic in the world’s oceans than fish,” follows from report
World Economic Forum and Ellen MacArthur Foundation.
Reviewing new products is interesting and useful, but we should not forget about the important problems of all humanity. What harm will the new technology cause to the environment? Will it turn out that the ease of use, low cost and commercial attractiveness of new materials will increase the likelihood of environmental disasters in the near future?
In many countries, the production, sale and import of polymer films and products made from them, including bags, disposable tableware, drinking straws, is prohibited. Bangladesh was the first to introduce a ban in 2002, then a number of African countries: Rwanda, Kenya (prison sentence for using plastic bags up to 4 years), Tanzania and others. The ban has been introduced in India, and the European Union and Australia have introduced a ban from 2021. In the US, there are similar laws in a number of states.
You can find Igor Terentev’s article on the magazine’s website Publish
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