I’ll go further to make sure that my conclusions are correct. Study No. 2: the absorbency of towels
In this test, I will immerse a sheet of each paper towel in water and measure how long it takes to completely wet it. This is an indicator of how quickly the napkin absorbs liquid. What is this for? In reality, the faster a towel absorbs water, the less time we spend drying wet hands.
Next, I will weigh each sample wet and find in numerical terms the absorbency of the paper, which is calculated by the formula: (m wet – m dry) / m dry (where m wet is the mass of a wet napkin, m dry is the mass of a dry napkin ).
Photo 8. Results of the second absorbency test.
Video of the test can be watched here.
The results of the experiment are in the table:
Table 4. Absorbency measurement results.
Based on the results of the second absorbency test, I was convinced that the single-layer Tork towel, as in the previous test, was not up to par, but among the 2-layer ones there were favorites: Tork H2 and Teres, then Veiro.
To finally rank my favorites, I will conduct one more test for the ability to absorb liquid. Test No. 3: the absorbency of towels
For this experiment, I will drop approximately the same amount of liquid from a pipette onto each napkin of the test samples and see what kind of mark it leaves on the towel. The larger the wet spot, the better and faster the napkin absorbs the liquid – for clarity, red fruit drink.
Photo 9. Test 3 measuring the absorbency of towels.
Video of absorbency measurement. Test 3
Table 5. Results of the third test.
Based on 3 absorbency tests, it is clear that Tork 1-ply towels are behind their 2-ply counterparts. The 2-ply test towels share the lead with varying success from test to test, i.e. all of them have good absorbency, which is an important consumer property of paper towels.
Let’s return to density: is it true that the denser the towel, the better it absorbs liquid. Here are the density conclusions obtained earlier:
In descending order of density, the towels are as follows: Tork 2-ply, Veiro, Tork 1-ply and Teres.
But absorbency tests revealed a different picture. Therefore, there is no direct relationship between the density of towels and their absorbency. However, such a characteristic as density does not appear when describing paper towels.
Summarizing everything that has been said and seen, you can pay close attention to the economic component when choosing a particular brand of paper towels.
If you are a fan of Tork, I recommend 2-layer ones; when used in comparison with 1-layer ones, the benefits are obvious!
What are paper towels
All paper towels have the following specifications. This is a type of disposable product. They are produced in sheets or rolls. Sheets are more hygienic, so they are used in crowded places and in medical institutions, as well as where extreme sanitation and increased hygiene are needed. Rolled products are used everywhere – at home, at work, in production, in catering establishments.
The question of what a paper towel is can be answered in different ways. First of all, this is a hygiene item for various purposes. They wipe their hands in the bathroom or use it for household needs in the kitchen. The scope of application of paper products does not end there.
They can be used to cover food during short-term storage, and to blot food to remove excess moisture from it. Women often use products when applying makeup or performing personal care procedures. That is, the area of use of paper towels is very diverse.
What are paper towels?
In the manufacture of such products, virgin cellulose or waste paper is used. In the first case, paper towels are durable, absorb moisture well and are pleasant to the touch. They often consist of several layers and are perforated, and their cost is higher than products made from recycled materials. Cellulose towels are produced using special technology.
To obtain paper towels from waste paper, the raw material is first cleaned of impurities and crushed in a crushing unit. Then the whole mass is washed, mixed with water in a certain concentration and sent to a paper making machine. Here the raw materials are pressed and dried, passing through special devices. As a result, the paper tape is wound into reels, cut and packaged.
Paper towels – buy paper towels at a good price in the Komus online store
The Komus catalog offers a wide selection of paper towels. We sell high-quality products of Russian and European brands: Tork, Luskan, Zewa, Skara, Papia, Veiro, “Soft Sign”, etc.
Consumables of this type are used for several purposes:
- for wiping hands and face;
- removing liquids and contaminants from surfaces;
- glass cleaning.
Main advantages of the product:
- hygiene – disposable materials never become a source of infection;
- ease of disposal.
In the online store you can buy paper towels made from primary and recycled materials, sheets and rolls. Packs and packs of different sizes are available. Taring options for sheet material – 120, 144, 190, 200, 250, 300 pieces. The number of fragments separated by perforation in a roll can be from 48 to 340 or even more. For example, Luskan Professional (Russia) roll materials are a good choice for use in shopping centers and large offices with high traffic. The length of the panel is 150 m, which is 625 sheets. There are 6 reels in one package.
Two-layer and three-layer paper towels are popular, and single-layer products can also be ordered. Samples with patterns and perforations are presented, for example, two-layer products made from 100% cellulose Zewa (Germany).
When choosing paper towels, pay attention to the number of layers, the volume of consumables in the package; The best price is for online ordering and wholesale.
GOST R 52354-2005 paper products for household and sanitary purposes. general technical conditions (as amended no. 1, 2) dated June 10, 2005 –
GOST R 52354-2005
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
OKP 54 6351
Date of introduction 2006-01-01
The goals and principles of standardization in the Russian Federation are established by Federal Law of December 27, 2002 N 184-FZ “On Technical Regulation”
, and the rules for applying national standards of the Russian Federation are GOST R 1.0-2004
“Standardization in the Russian Federation. Basic provisions”
1 DEVELOPED by the Open Joint Stock Company Central Scientific Research Institute of Paper (JSC TsNIIB)
2 INTRODUCED by the Technical Committee for Standardization TC 157 “Wood pulp. Paper, cardboard and products made from them”
3 APPROVED AND ENTERED INTO EFFECT by Order of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology dated June 10, 2005 N 152-st
4 INTRODUCED FOR THE FIRST TIME
Information about changes to this standard is published in the annually published information index “National Standards”, and the text of changes and amendments is published in the monthly published information index “National Standards”. In case of revision (replacement) or cancellation of this standard, the corresponding notice will be published in the monthly published information index “National Standards”. Relevant information, notices and texts are also posted in the public information system – on the official website of the national body of the Russian Federation for standardization on the Internet
INTRODUCED: Change No. 1
, approved and put into effect on the territory of the Russian Federation by Order of Rostekhregulirovanie dated 01.03.2021 N 27-st
from 01.08.2021; Change N 2
, approved and put into effect by Order of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology dated November 28, 2021 N 1817-st
Changes No. 1, 2 were made by the database manufacturer according to the text of IUS N 6, 2021, IUS N 3, 2021
This standard applies to paper products – toilet paper, napkins, towels, handkerchiefs, tablecloths and other similar products for household and sanitary purposes (hereinafter referred to as products) and establishes requirements for their quality.
Requirements ensuring the safety of products for human health are set out in 3.6.1, table 2 (indicators 2-5); 3.6.2.
The standard does not apply to multi-layer paper absorbent products for hygienic and household purposes with an absorbent layer, for example, diapers, diapers, tampons, sheets, etc., as well as to paper clothing and clothing accessories.
(Changed edition, Amendment No. 1).
This standard uses normative references to the following standards:
GOST 427-75 Metal measuring rulers. Specifications
GOST 1770-74 (ISO 1042-83, ISO 4788-80) Laboratory glassware. Cylinders, beakers, flasks, test tubes. General technical conditions
GOST ISO 1924-1-96 Paper and cardboard. Determination of tensile strength. Part 1: Constant Speed Loading Method
GOST 6658-75 Paper and cardboard products. Packaging, labeling, transportation and storage
GOST 6709-72 Distilled water. Specifications
GOST 7500-85 Paper and cardboard. Methods for determining fiber composition
GOST 10700-97 Waste paper and cardboard. Specifications
GOST 12026-76 Laboratory filter paper. Specifications
GOST 12523-77 Pulp, paper, cardboard. Method for determining the pH value of aqueous extract
GOST 12602-93 (ISO 8787-86) Paper and cardboard. Determination of capillary absorption. Klemm method
GOST 13199-88 (ISO 536-76) Semi-finished fibrous products, paper and cardboard. Method for determining the mass of products with an area of 1 m
GOST 13523-78 Semi-finished fibrous products, paper and cardboard. Sample conditioning method
GOST 13525.7-68 Paper and cardboard. Method for determining wet strength
GOST 14192-96 Marking of cargo
GOST 15150-69 Machines, instruments and other technical products. Versions for different climatic regions. Categories, operating, storage and transportation conditions regarding the impact of environmental climatic factors
GOST 21102-97 Paper and cardboard. Methods for determining sheet dimensions and skewing
GOST 25336-82 Laboratory glassware and equipment. Types, main parameters and sizes
GOST 28498-90 Liquid glass thermometers. General technical requirements. Test methods
GOST 29251-91 (ISO 385-1-84) Laboratory glassware. Burettes. Part 1. General requirements
GOST 33781-2021 Consumer packaging made of cardboard, paper and combined materials. General technical conditions
Note – When using this standard, it is advisable to check the validity of the reference standards in the public information system – on the official website of the national body of the Russian Federation for standardization on the Internet or according to the annually published index “National Standards”, which is published as of January 1 of the current year, and according to the corresponding monthly information indexes published in the current year. If the reference standard is replaced (changed), then when using this standard you should be guided by the replaced (changed) standard. If the reference standard is canceled without replacement, then the provision in which a reference is made to it is applied in the part that does not affect this reference.
(Changed edition, Rev. N 1, 2
3.1 Products are manufactured in accordance with the requirements of this standard and technical documentation for a specific product or group of products (technological regulations, technical description, etc.) and a standard model approved in the prescribed manner.
3.2 Requirements for the technical design of products
3.2.1 Products are manufactured in rolls or sheets. Products in sheets (hereinafter referred to as sheets), depending on the shape, can be quadrangular, round, oval, figured with smooth or jagged edges and other designs.
3.2.2 Products are manufactured single-layer and multi-layer; with or without perforation; smooth, creped or embossed; white, colored or natural fiber colors; coated or uncoated; flavored and (or) impregnated with various compositions (antiseptic, perfume, disinfectant, detergent, etc.) depending on the functional purpose of the products.
Other types of technical design of products are allowed, depending on their functional purpose.
3.3 Requirements for the decorative design of products
3.3.1 Products are made whole or openwork; without finishing or with finishing with a pattern applied in various ways (printing, embossing, etc.), decorated with various appliqués or finished in other ways.
3.4 The minimum dimensions of products must be:
napkin area – 17000 mm;
sheet or roll width – 160 mm,
sheet area – 35000 mm;
handkerchief area – 40000 mm;
tablecloth area – 640000 mm;
– toilet paper:
sheet or roll width – 90 mm,
sheet area – 11000 mm.
3.5 The dimensions, technical and decorative design of products in accordance with the standard sample are indicated in the technical documentation for a specific product or group of products.
3.6 Products are made from paper or paper-textile-like material, the fiber composition of which contains: cellulose; pulp sorting selections; mechanical, thermomechanical or chemical-thermomechanical wood pulp; chemical fibers and waste paper and cardboard according to GOST 10700
, except for grades MS-4A, MS-9V, MS-11V, MS-12V, MS-13V with quality indicators and in ratios that ensure the manufacture of products in accordance with the requirements of this standard.
3.6.1 Groups and subgroups of products depending on their purpose are indicated in Table 1. Quality indicators of products must meet the requirements specified in Table 2.
Purpose of products
For personal care
dining rooms, serving
For personal hygiene during meals, for table setting
cosmetic (without impregnation)
For removing makeup, facial hygiene, etc.
wet (antiseptic, cosmetic with impregnation, refreshing, hygienic, cleansing, repellent, baby care wipes, etc.)
For personal hygiene, for caring for household items, etc. goals
Towels (for face and hands, kitchen and others)
For personal hygiene, wiping dishes and household items
For personal hygiene
Note – In addition to the listed products, the specified groups and subgroups include other household and sanitary products used for personal hygiene and in everyday life in contact with the mucous membrane or skin of a person, similar listed products according to technical design and functional purpose.
How to choose paper towels
Paper towels can cope with both simple household stains and complex industrial ones,
provide convenient hand wiping, economical consumption and a compact storage system.
They can absorb water, oil, and even remove grease.
Paper towels have become widespread. It is used both in everyday life and in industry, as well as in public places and institutions.
Paper towels can be divided into sheet
(various types of folding) and roll
There are different ways to fold paper towels.
- • C-addition. It is the traditional and most common method of addition. Suitable for high traffic areas and simple working conditions.
- • V-addition. Or they are also called ZigZag. Suitable for areas with medium and low traffic.
- • Z-addition. From the dispenser, such towels are served strictly in the singular, which helps control consumption. Also, the Z-fold guarantees high hygiene, because… there is no hand contact with the next towel. This type is suitable for places with increased hygiene requirements.
- • W-addition. They are perforated and are served unfolded one at a time. Can be used in places with increased hygiene requirements.
Rolled towels are:
To make using towels easier, there are different types of towel dispensers. They are especially important for rooms with high consumption of hygiene products – in the toilet rooms of offices, restaurants, cafes.
Selecting the correct type of towel fold for an already installed dispenser is very important, since dispensers are designed to use towels of a certain type of fold. The most popular dispensers are for Z-fold towels, for towels with a central draw, as well as automatic dispensers for rolled towels. For public places and establishments, you need to select impact-resistant (popularly called “vandal-proof”), reliable dispensers.
Towels are made from virgin cellulose or waste paper. Products made from primary cellulose are soft, pleasant to the touch, quite durable, with a high degree of absorption. As a rule, these towels are more expensive, have several layers, and are perforated. And their cost is higher than that of paper towels made from recycled materials – waste paper.
One of the important parameters is the ply quality of paper products, because The ease of use of towels and their consumption directly depend on this. There are single-ply and multi-ply paper towels. If you are looking for an economical option, single-layer towels are suitable for you.
Increasing the number of layers improves absorbency, but the price also increases. However, in some cases, highly absorbent towels may be more beneficial due to fewer sheets of towel required for cleaning/drying.
For offices and public places, it is better to choose towels without fragrances, because… foreign aromas are sometimes unacceptable, and the impregnation can be negatively perceived by people prone to allergies.
The disposability of paper towels is one of the significant advantages. You can safely throw away the used paper and forget about it. There is no longer any need to worry about whether the next stain will come off or whether it is worth buying an expensive powder for this procedure.
Which dispensers are suitable for roll towels
Business towels are used with two types of dispensers: mechanical and automatic. When using a mechanical dispenser, the person tears off the towel himself. The automatic dispenser dispenses a sheet when a person places his or her hand over the sensor. Since the automatic dispenser dispenses one sheet, there is less towel consumption.
Remember 1. Before purchasing sheet towels, you need to know the width of the dispenser. Depending on the width, Z-fold or V-fold towels are suitable. 2. To purchase rolled towels, you need to look at the type and diameter of the sleeve. 3. Towel rolls are more economical.
If you have a lot of clients coming to you, they will be a better fit. Sheet towels are used up faster: they are suitable for offices and cafes. To choose a towel for the dispenser, you need to know the diameter and type of sleeve. Fixed sleeves with a diameter of 3.8 cm to 4.5 cm are suitable for automatic dispensers. Removable bushings with a diameter of 6 cm – for mechanical ones. The sleeves of our towels range from 3.8 cm to 6 cm.
Materials for making towel holders
Metal holders are more durable and look noble and dignified in any setting. The durability of the product is guaranteed by chromium, which is part of alloy steel. Compared to plastic stands, metal products are more expensive.
Wooden products can be made in any shape. For rooms with high humidity, you should select only those stands that are protected from moisture. For example, a holder from the Ikea collection, which is made of solid oak, is suitable for the kitchen.
Plastic structures are quite practical, cheap and can come in various shapes and colors. However, the overall impression is spoiled by their appearance, since quite often they are made in the form of a toilet paper holder.
Density of paper towels
From physics lessons, density is the ratio of mass to surface area, expressed in g/m2.
I find the mass of one napkin by dividing the mass of the pack by the number of sheets in it. Isn’t it easier to weigh one napkin, you say? Firstly, the mass of one napkin is negligible and the accuracy of the scales at my disposal does not allow me to measure it.
Photos 2, 3, 4, 5. Weighing packs of towels Tork Xpress Advanced H2 Z, Tork Universal H3 ZZ, Veiro Professional Comfort Z, Teres Elite Z.
Table 2. Comparison of the actual cost of one sheet.
The number of sheets of TORK towels in a pack corresponds to what was declared by the manufacturer, which cannot be said about Veiro and Teres. Based on the results obtained, I calculated the price for 1 napkin, because no one would object that you can only compare identical values.
I found out the mass of 1 pack, the number of sheets in it. To calculate the density, it remains to find the area of the sheet by measuring and multiplying the length and width. Using simple arithmetic calculations I find the mass of one sheet.
|Pack weight, g
|Actual number of sheets in a pack
|Sheet width, mm
|Sheet height, mm
|S sheet, sq. mm
|S sheet, sq.m
|Weight of 1 napkin, g
|Sheet density, g/m2
|Paper towels Tork Xpress Advanced H2 Z-fold 2-layer 20 packs of 190 sheets each
|Paper towels Tork Universal H3 ZZ-fold 1-ply 20 packs of 250 sheets
|Veiro Professional Comfort paper towels 2-layer Z-fold 21 packs of 200 sheets
|Teres Elite paper towels 2-layer Z-fold 15 packs of 200 sheets each
Table 3. Results of measuring the density and geometry of the towel sheet.
In descending order of density, the towels are as follows: Tork 2-ply, Veiro, Tork 1-ply and Teres.
I will assume that the thicker the towel, the better its absorbent properties.
Paper towel holder
These necessary accessories are automatic, but manual models are more common. A stand for paper towels, depending on the mounting, can be like this:
– a very convenient option. You can attach it not only to the wall, but also to the front door
or on the cabinet door.
– this holder is convenient for small spaces, since it can be placed anywhere.
- On railing
– suitable for those rooms where it is possible to attach a long rod to which the holder is attached.
Benefits of paper towel holders
Paper towels have been part of our everyday life for quite some time. But rolls lying around in a cabinet or on a table spoil the appearance of the kitchen. Therefore, many housewives prefer to use towel holders, matching them to the interior design.
The advantages of designs for paper towels include:
- convenient operation;
- significant savings in working kitchen space;
- safety of use;
- ease of installation;
- laconic modern forms;
- low prices.
The required amount of paper is easily torn from the holder, which is immediately thrown away after use.
Experienced housewives use paper towels not only for wiping hands and dirty surfaces, but also when preparing dishes:
- Paper sheets will help remove excess moisture from vegetables, fruits and lettuce.
- To get a golden brown crust on a meat steak, dip a piece of meat with a paper napkin before frying.
- To cook French fries, throw only the dried pieces into hot oil. You can blot the cut potatoes with paper sheets.
There are times when you need to quickly dry freshly washed pots or pans. It is irrational to use fabric towels for this, since they will need to be sent straight to the wash. You can simply throw away the paper.
Let’s test this statement experimentally. Study No. 1: the absorbency of towels
To do this, I cut all our “experimental” specimens into strips 2 cm wide and labeled them No. 1, No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 in the order they are located in the tables. I dipped each sample into the colored liquid for 5 seconds and measured how high it rose on a piece of the towel. The higher the column, the more liquid the napkin has absorbed.
Photo 6. Preparation for the absorbency test.
Video of the test can be viewed here
In descending order of absorbency, the towels were arranged as follows: Tork 2-ply, Veiro, Teres and Tork 1-ply. Those. According to the test results, all 2-layer towels behaved approximately the same; the 1-layer towel performed worse.
Photo 7. Results of test 1.
Types of towel holders
in holding the roll in place
, while you tear off the paper sheet. Therefore, its design is quite simple and comes in two types:
- Horizontal. The accessories have a body with an axis and a plug that prevents the roll from slipping. They are attached to the wall or furniture. The required amount of paper towel can be easily torn off, you just need to hold the holder with your free hand.
- Vertical. These are mobile holders that can be moved from place to place at any time. The paper roll in them is put on an axle attached to the stand.
A rather complex technical device is a paper towel dispenser. This is a rather complex technical device, which was initially used only in public places (restrooms of offices, clinics, train stations, airports). Such designs accommodate a large number of consumables, and therefore have large dimensions.
Today you can purchase a household dispenser, which is made of plastic and is characterized by its ergonomic shape and ease of care. Dispensers can be equipped with winding length counters, blades for cutting towels and touch sensors that respond to the touch of your hands. Such devices are not cheap, so their installation in ordinary kitchens is not justified.
Variety of models
Accessories stores offer a variety of towel holders from different manufacturers.
Among the plastic structures we can highlight:
- Tork (H3) 553008 for feeding sheets. Made of durable plastic, the product has a black color, stylish design, ease of maintenance and flawless operation. This holder will fit perfectly into the interior.
- Tork Reflex 473133 for towel rolls. The bright blue dispenser is made of durable plastic and is equipped with a central sheet extraction. Its closed housing protects consumables from contamination.
- MERIDA-TOP MAXI CTN301. The automatic dispenser is made of white plastic and equipped with a blue window, which allows you to control the amount of remaining paper. When the towel is pulled out, it is automatically torn off at a length of 27.5 cm.
- Tork Mini Singlefold H 3 ZZ /C 553100 for sheet towels. The white plastic towel holder is suitable for small spaces and holds 1.5 packs of consumables. Equipped with a window and a template for installation.
Towel holders in the form of a stand are functional, mobile and convenient:
Andrea House CC10287 – an optimally sized product that can be placed anywhere in the bathroom or kitchen. The chrome finish and bright orange color will brighten up any interior.
- Tork Countertop 552208 – sheet feed holder. The desktop design has compact dimensions and a modern design. Suitable for rooms of different sizes.
- Products from Ikea are distinguished by their laconic form. They have a metallic shiny surface, a stable base and can be made in fancy curved shapes and come in a variety of bright colors.
- Amadeus – vertical bamboo holder. The product consists of a long round rod and base, which is decorated with an elegant landscape. To prevent sliding on the surface, the bottom of the holder has rubber feet.
Among the hanging varieties of towel holders, the following are popular:
- SANARTEC 220810 – a high-quality holder made of durable metal with a chrome-plated surface has an unobtrusive design. It does not rust or corrode, which will allow you to use the structure for a long time.
- Hans & Gretchen – a wall-mounted wooden towel holder will decorate any kitchen space.
- Brabantia – an accessory for rolled towels is convenient and easy to use. Consumables can be inserted into it from both the left and right sides. The holder is corrosion resistant because it is made of galvanized steel. Suitable for rolls up to 22 cm wide.
SUPERLINE is a universal design with several compartments, designed to store not only paper towels, but film and foil. The product is equipped with a safety cutting device that is hidden from the user. With its help, you can cut foil or film in any direction. The holder fits standard rolls, has a plastic body and is 44 cm wide.
- onWALL 4 in 1 – wall-mounted design with a shelf and compartments for paper towels, foil and film. The top shelf has several compartments in which it is convenient to store kitchen items. The foil is torn off using a serrated edge, and a special knife is built in to tear off the film. The housing for foil and film can be easily removed by pressing the side latches. The holder fits standard rolls of paper towels, film and foil.
Nowadays, choosing a towel holder for individual needs is not difficult. Ikea alone offers a wide range of kitchen accessories, which allows you to make the necessary choice quite quickly.
Buying and installing a towel holder in the kitchen when preparing dishes will allow you to quickly remove dirt from your hands, surfaces or dishes, avoid unnecessary effort and save time.
Paper towel rating
The modern market offers a large selection of paper towels, the best of which are products from the following manufacturers:
. These two-layer embossed products are easily released along the perforation line. Zewa paper towels absorb moisture well, do not leave lint, and once moistened they do not fall apart.
. Soft two-layer towels easily absorb liquids and are economical to use.
. Multi-layer thick towels, odorless. Convenient for use in the kitchen.
- Freken Bock
. The roll has a central draw. Consumption is very economical: one large roll can replace 5 small ones.
Rolled paper towels
This form of release is widely used due to its convenience and the availability of long-length rolls in the assortment, which is extremely important for high-traffic areas where it is necessary to replace spent rolls very often. The disadvantage of roll paper towels is the relatively low hygiene of their operation.
This is due to the fact that the consumer has to touch not only the sheets that he will receive, but also the sheets that will be used by subsequent visitors. When choosing roll paper towels, you should pay attention to parameters such as the diameter of the roll, its width and length, as well as the diameter of the core.
Without knowing these parameters, you risk discovering that the products you purchased simply do not fit the dispensers you have installed. Also, paper towels are produced in rolls with a regular hood and with a central one. Accordingly, you must make sure that the dispensers you have support the option you have chosen in this regard as well.
Paper towels in rolls are an excellent solution for those places where there are no increased hygiene requirements and product consumption is high.
Now the first drying drum, which is made of steel, removes the compacted paper pulp from the felt. The temperature of the drying drum is approximately 110-115 degrees, it is heated with hot steam under a pressure of 0.7 kgf/cm2. The drum rotation speed is 10-13 rpm.
When future paper towels are on the drum, they are dried to a moisture content of 30-40%. Next, using a scraper knife, a continuous belt removes the layer of paper from the drying drum. After this, the belt transports the paper back to the drying drum for final drying.
The conveyor of the machine that produces paper towels is made so that 80% of the length of the drying drum is pressed against the mesh. Thus, the paper strip is clamped between the mesh, which moves, and the drying drum. This way the towels dry completely. The dry paper web is rolled into bobbins onto a sleeve. After this, the towels are cut, perforated and packaged.
You can order delivery of paper towels and holders to Officeomania by calling 7 (495) 258-93-58.
Technology for the production of towels from waste paper
Waste paper that enters production is cleaned of all kinds of foreign contaminants and impurities. The cleaned waste paper is sent to the first stage of production – shredding.
The duration of washing depends on the color of the paper pulp – the price and quality of towels will depend on this in the future. The water in which the waste paper was washed is drained into the sewer. The washed mass is transferred through a fine grinding mill to a storage tank. And from there the water-paper mass is pumped into a pressure tank.