Energy-saving technologies for paper production

The life and renewal of natural ecosystems is long-term. The latest paper production technologies can mercilessly wipe out all life from the face of the Earth in a few decades. Especially if you do not constantly artificially renew and preserve oases of self-reproduction of natural reserves. New forest plantations, economic sanctions for sabotage and irrational use, promotion of self-healing paper production technology – these are steps towards progress. Nature sacrifices itself for the well-being and survival of Humanity, but its needs cannot be neglected either. Everything should be in balance and harmony. Man is the King of Nature, and it must be ruled wisely, just like the state in which we all live.

 Program maximum “ecosystem of the 21st century”

 Comprehensive solution of ecological systems of “man-nature” balance in the 21st century of the third millennium

1. Determine economically feasible volumes of by-product production for each territorial production complex (TPC). This district, city, region, republic is interconnected with other planned indicators, introducing a system of incentives for savings and sanctions for waste.

2. Primary and secondary natural raw materials, mining and processing wastes are considered equal and not divided into main and by-products.

3. Local authorities must have a return in economic terms. For example, through mandatory payments for the resources used, contributions to regional funds for the reproduction of natural resources from enterprises located in the territories of a given region. Territorial authorities must allocate money from savings funds. To develop, create and implement various cost-effective and energy-saving technologies for paper production when creating closed-cycle industrial complexes, adapted directly to local conditions.

технологии производства бумаги как они есть

4. Clean air, waste-free water, fertile land. They can be restored only in a socially pure atmosphere of people with stable moral principles. The ecological balance between Man and Nature is still disturbed and planet Earth is in severe desolation. Pollution from “cultural” waste is growing exponentially. The disease of society is environmental ignorance!

Already, less than 1/10 of the products produced in the world are required to satisfy biological needs! It is not Nature that needs to be transformed, but ourselves. Develop a humane attitude towards the environment, since now we are so rich that we could live ten times better!

 Minimum program for the “ecosystem of the 21st century”

Integrated solution of ecological systems of balance “man-nature” in woodworking

1. Traditional approach to woodworking technologies:

Grade 1 – industrial coniferous wood.

Grade 2 – commercial hardwood.

Grade 3 – oversized deciduous and coniferous waste

4th grade – associated natural materials

2. Rational approach to new paper production technologies:

Since the ecological balance in a certain area is 1, 10, 100 m 2
and so on is a self-organized system, with an established ecological structure, then any violation or change will accordingly lead to modifications of a given place, territorial zone.

война между природой и человеком идет многие годы

 Therefore, before modifying any ecological structure, it is required:

1. Complete study of the flora and fauna of a given area.

2. Maximum preservation, and if impossible, relocation of valuable species of trees, bushes, flowers, medicinal plants, myceliums, communities of insects, animals, birds, water bodies, in case of danger of their destruction, to the nearest ecological structures, nurseries similar to this one ( forest parks, farms, schools, kindergartens, young conservationists, etc.).

3. From the remainder, even before processing, it is necessary to select everything that is valuable for the utilitarian needs of a person and increasing his standard of living.

 Stages of meeting the needs of Man and Nature

Stage 1:
Nutritional and medicinal needs of humans (berries, flowers, medicinal plants, mushrooms, leaves, pine needles, horsetails, etc.)

Stage 2:
DPI (decorative and applied arts) and human self-expression (sculptures made from natural materials), roots, stumps, branches, leaves, grass, wickerwork, landscaping of summer cottages, recreation parks, children’s playgrounds, furniture made from natural materials, equipment, cones, and etc. (marquetry, panels, alpine slides).

Stage 3:
Production needs of society.

The lion’s share of building materials and production products for the production of furniture, semi-finished products for construction organizations, railway transport, plants and factories, raw materials for the production of pulp, paper, cardboard, in the chemical industry, fertilizers, insulation materials, feed additives, etc. .

Stage 4:
Ecological needs of Nature.

  Humanistic approach of environmentally sound technologies in woodworking:

We must follow the principle: When developing a new place, restore the old one!

For example: developed 1 m 2
, restore 2 m 2
. Developed 1 hectare – restore 2 hectares and so on.

топор торчит в стволе дерева

 Economic approach to environmental technology for paper production

– already now 40% of coniferous lumber, in various industries, after appropriate processing (impregnation with resins, priming, painting), and without any damage to consumers, can be replaced with hardwood. 100% replacement is possible in secondary industries (consumer goods, products for agricultural and industrial consumption), boxes, fences, pallets, railway details, scaffolding, formwork, floors, windows, transoms, doors, built-in cabinets.

– 1/3 of the forest already used and taken from nature is still burned every winter, polluting the atmosphere with emissions. In the USA, the yield of useful products is 2.5-3 times, and in Germany 3-5 times higher than ours. For the production of pulp, paper, cardboard, plywood per 1 thousand m 2
In terms of harvested wood, we are 5-6 times behind the production of industrialized countries due to outdated paper production technology used in wood processing factories.

Using scraps

– twigs, tops, branches, bark, stumps, roots, sawdust – make up 3/4 of the waste from the whole tree, not to mention other vegetation, and all of this is used in production only 1/4. In total, this is about 50%, and the rest simply disappears in the forest! Moreover, 30% of the volume of wood is simply not taken into account as a raw material, but is taken into account as production waste.

– still, as before, there is not enough special equipment for collecting and transporting forest waste, mobile equipment for processing it into wood chips, where 50% of the waste is sawdust, shavings, veneer – potential technological resources of enterprises for deep chemical processing of wood (pulp and paper, plate, hydrolysis). It’s one thing to burn slabs in furnaces and stoves, in clearings during thinning, and quite another thing, to remove abandoned wood chips, bark, make cellulose or wood boards, artificial firewood from them, add twice as much paper, fiberboard, chipboard to the national economy, which is much cheaper and more profitable compared to current prices for similar products.

составные части ствола дерева и на что они идут

– sawdust and shavings can be used as technological raw materials for the microbiological industry (hydrolysis-yeast processing). 1 m3 of such waste on feed paths allows you to save about 0.5 tons of grain, and when producing hydrolytic alcohol – about 200 kg of grain.

– the combination of sawdust composts with mineral additives significantly increases the yield of a number of crops.

– in livestock farming it is an excellent insulation and bedding material, which after biological regeneration is an indispensable fertilizer for agricultural plantings.

Sawdust in construction

– when pressing sawdust, shavings, branches, using binding substances into gypsum sawdust blocks, with the addition of waste material and plastic as reinforcement, they can be used as internal walls in buildings and structures (thinner by 15-20 cm ), where the costs are 2 times less than when using brick walls.

– sawdust can also be added to bricks, used to make fuel briquettes, added to peat briquettes, and produced microbiological briquettes that are convenient to transport.

опилки служат топливом для обогрева дома

– granulation of waste (food additives, fertilizers in combination with sapropels), which under the influence of moisture (rain, watering), is evenly distributed, easily transported and transformed into homogeneous suspensions, granulation of seeds (as chicken in an egg).

– unprocessed tree bark, which releases phenolic compounds when rotting, causes especially great harm to the environment. But, in addition to food for various insects, which can be turned into nutritious biological food, additives can be made from the bark into compost, feed additives for animals, there are technologies for the production of paper and wood-root boards (nowadays Western versions of decorative insulation from cork bark are in fashion tree). From crushed bark you can produce light-weight cement-based concrete or gypsum slabs – coronite, used as a structural and thermal insulation material (rehabilitation of buildings). Modern science already has analogues and know-how for producing bark slabs even without a mineral binder, thanks to the use of natural phenolic compounds present in it.

– bark is an excellent raw material for obtaining tanning extracts used in the production of leather, which are mainly purchased imported. Furfural, acetic acid, methyl alcohol, and fuel briquettes can also be produced from the bark.

– using wood waste with biological waste and leaf waste, grass with the addition of urea, sapropels, you can create artificial soil for greenhouses, for mycelium (oyster mushroom) plantations, and berry plantations. All biomass can be included in processing.

– ash is an excellent alkaline and sorbing substance. Carbon filters are produced from certain types of wood without access to air; medicinal preparations are used as fertilizer containing microelements.

Ways to save wood

– wood savings are also possible when replacing wooden structures and products with new materials (plastic, metal, concrete). They are made using wood production technologies (metal-plastic frames, doors, furniture, scaffolding structures). For example, the use of 1 t of aluminum (in the production of aluminum frames) replaces 45 m 3
round timber, while producing the same amount from wood.

– in developed countries, containers account for 90% of all packaging products, in our country it is more than 20%, but cardboard
the simplest technology for producing paper from waste.

For example: 1 ton of polymer replaces 16-18 m3 of full-fledged wood in the production of containers.

как распиливается бревно на лесопилке

– wooden sleepers are still not leaving the service market, although concrete sleepers have been produced for a long time, and why not produce concrete sleepers instead of wooden sleepers, so as to exchange not wood for wood, but wood for concrete. Already now, from worn-out sleepers, which “burn out” from loads in 8-10 years, you can re-create perfectly impregnated, rot-resistant timber or boards for outdoor use. To this day, the sleeper flywheel destroys the best pine trees.

– And how much creativity loses due to the non-use of exclusive, bizarre forms given by nature, where a person’s imagination could, at minimal cost, create and implement beautiful works of art. And now everything is left to the forestry authorities. But you can use natural materials both in installation and in the development of social services for the population (playgrounds, souvenirs, natural furniture). This would greatly diversify the development of creative abilities in childhood. And with age it would develop into the initiative needs of a person in adulthood. Communication with nature, natural materials, and the art of transforming nature would make an invaluable contribution to the formation of a humane personality!

Carpentry

diversity and flexibility of production have not yet been established in the carpentry industry, in these industries:

1) sets in one style of kitchen furniture, country furniture, salon furniture, children’s furniture, balcony furniture, waterproof furniture, garden furniture, beach furniture;

2) the future belongs to multifunctional office, entertainment, sports, and gym furniture for the disabled and elderly, where a system of various multifunctional devices is being introduced;

3) paper production technologies of the 21st century bring to the fore a progressive direction – the “smart home”. It should have “smart furniture”, where, from breathing to all pleasures, complete human harmony occurs;

как можно использовать отходы технологии производства бумаги

4) electronics and nature. Subsequently, “smart garden plots”, “smart farms”, “smart factories”, “smart fields” and “forests” will appear!

– until now, all children rarely grow up among outdoor toys and tower houses. There is no furniture made from natural materials or in the shape of various fairy-tale characters, so amateur education often leads to the growth and opinion of children of a ruthless attitude towards nature.

– and how many prospects there are in the production of various houses for cats, dogs, birds.

– a big topic in the manufacture of lamps, postcards
, sconces, floor lamps, hangers, stands, cutting boards, towel holders, kitchen utensils, baguettes, curtains
, carved clocks, typesetting, end parquet, various mirrors, balusters, railings, decorative frames, doors, floors
, all kinds of panels and marquetry.

– even with minimal technical improvement, for example, working on a lathe already gives rise to a huge variety of utilitarian things: turned products, hangers, massage products, candlesticks, carved shelves, religious attributes.

– in addition to the products themselves, woodworking provides enormous opportunities in related materials. Extracts of various microelements from wood, ranging from resin, resin, turpentine
, ending with all kinds of decoctions and collections of medicinal plants. “Life-giving” baths (pine, mud, flowers), the use of various essential oils from flowers and other vegetation.

– in combination with plastics, you can master the production of cast furniture, timber and any wood in combination with plastic (insulation, floors, walls, volumetric decorative ceilings, etc.).

– conduct ecotourism and environmental extreme sports in landscaped forest parks. Where, in natural conditions, everyone could test themselves for survival and always respect animals, birds and insects, fish and plants. For them, Nature is their home and they have no other and never will have anything else, unlike a person who sacrifices others for his own survival!

Medicinal plants

– a separate topic – medicinal plants. Using the centuries-old experience of traditional medicine, everyone can live to a ripe old age without thinking about their health. If he observes the image and likeness of life together with the environment. Do not upset the balance both in yourself (nutrition, stress, uncertainty, fear) and in the world around you. The human body itself, as the ancient sages noticed, is the answer to many questions of waste-free production. It is our body, if we take a closer look at it, that is ideally a complex system of ecological relationships.

It turns out that life is the correct observance of environmental technologies at the micro level – a microcosm, and in nature at the macro level – a macrocosm!

By knowing yourself, you will know nature; by saving nature, you will save yourself!