DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Author’s decor: manufacturing technique, photo

When wondering what paper crafts you can make with your own hands, it is important to know for what holiday or event you are going to make such decor. It would be a good idea to study detailed master classes on making beautiful paper jewelry, of which there are a lot on the Internet today.

The versatility and accessibility of paper lead to the emergence of many techniques that allow organizing creative activities with this material.

  • Papier-mâché
    . During work, the basis of the desired configuration is created. It is covered with several layers of paper pieces. When the workpiece dries, it is primed, painted and decorated in accordance with the design.
  • Decoupage
    . The peculiarity of this type of decorative creativity lies in gluing ornaments, pictures, interesting patterns cut from thin paper onto prepared painted surfaces. The top layer of napkins is often used. After the final application of several layers of varnish, a complete decor is created. This technique is used to decorate not only vases, but also furniture.
  • Origami
    . Amazing objects are created by folding paper according to a certain algorithm. In such activities, observation, patience, and imaginative thinking develop. The work is carried out according to specially developed schemes.
  • Paper plastic
    . The basis of the innovative paper plastic technique is the ability of this material to take on different forms. Craftsmen create sculptures and three-dimensional compositions of amazing beauty and expressiveness.
  • Modular origami
    . The combination of identical paper parts in a strictly defined sequence leads to the appearance of openwork products. Using this technique, they create a variety of household items, figures of birds and animals, which, with the right selection of color combinations, invariably attract admiring glances.
  • Kirigami
    . Charming three-dimensional objects with flowing openwork forms are created using the kirigami technique. They captivate with their elegant lines, intricacy, and dynamism.
  • Quilling
    . The basis is strips of paper twisted into spirals. The parts are given the desired shape, and then they are glued vertically to the base. The compositions amaze with their sophisticated sophistication, becoming a real pearl of the interior.
  • Trimming
    . Used for making panels, postcards, decorating frames, albums. Corrugated paper is cut into squares. Then a pencil or any stick is placed in the center of the workpiece. The edges are crimped around pencils and immediately applied to a base coated with glue. Only after this the stick is removed. This is how all the parts are glued tightly. The result is a fluffy surface.

There is no need to try to profit from every paper craft. After all, the activity itself brings true satisfaction, allowing you to realize your own creative plans and ideas. The result is not only the production of something, but also the opportunity to spend leisure time with children. It is important to celebrate your child’s success in order to gradually build motivation for your own creativity.

Application on the theme “autumn” for kindergarten, for children in middle and senior preparatory groups

So, my dears. Children love crafts and applications. Of course, preschool children are not very skilled yet. For example, they are still just learning to cut along the outline and color without going beyond the boundaries. However, I repeated almost all the ideas in this section with my 5-year-old child. Unfortunately, there were so many of them that I didn’t take pictures. Therefore, the photos were taken from the Internet.

I really like these ideas where you can use cotton swabs, cotton pads or pieces of sponge for drawing. For example, here is a tree with colored foliage.

We remember the peculiarity of children: they are still poor at using scissors and the cut out shapes may not turn out to be completely even and neat. It is precisely for such cases that this applique idea is suitable.

If the child is already good with his fingers, then you can stimulate fine motor skills by making such a tree. The photo below shows a detailed master class. I don’t give dimensions, and they are not needed, the idea itself is important.

It is better to glue paper blanks with PVA glue. It is considered one of the safest adhesive materials. Therefore, it is used in children’s institutions.

Advice! It is better to make the strips on the “foliage” the same size, for example 1*5 cm. Then they will turn out neat.

We also made a similar application. The child really liked it. To depict autumn on a tree, you need to take paper from yellow to red shades. The barrel can be cut out of self-adhesive paper.

Advice! For this master class, select double-sided colored paper. Then the wrong white side will not stick out.

A ruler helped us fold the circles evenly. The child quickly understands this.

If it is difficult to cut out round leaves or there is no time for it. Then give your child cotton pads and paints. And let him paint these round pieces in autumn colors. This can be done with a pipette, brush, or by collecting colored water in a spoon. The pieces need to be glued after drying using the same PVA glue.

Advice! Tell your child that you can stack the discs one on top of the other and then the applique will turn out to be three-dimensional.

Below you see a more refined idea. Instead of disks, ordinary cotton wool is used. And instead of the usual cardboard barrel, it was cut out of a sleeve. By the way, you will have to make the trunk yourself, because children usually do not have enough strength to cut such thick cardboard.

Using your imagination, you and your baby can learn the seasons at the same time. I use just this one idea, see below.

When we were children, we really loved to draw with pastels. And then this idea caught my eye.

Pastels, by the way, are sold in most supermarkets in the stationery and creativity department.

The child takes a blank sheet of paper and draws any design by hand. Or you will already give him a printed template with a piece of paper. This is optional.

Take the desired pastel color and paint over the voids. You need to blend it with your fingers.

The next master class really helped us out for Easter. Yes! We took this idea as a basis, but replaced the leaf template with a rabbit. You can also come up with a craft for any holiday: New Year, March 8, February 23, and even Valentine’s Day.

And everything is done simply. You need to take:

  • sheet A4,
  • scissors,
  • glue,
  • multi-colored paper.

Or use this template.

You need to glue strips of colored paper onto the second sheet. They can be the same size, or they can differ in length and width. Also, it should not be positioned horizontally, but vertically or diagonally.

This is what you get on the reverse side. On the other you have a drawing of a leaf.

And cut out the blank along the contour.

This is how appliques can turn out.

Here are the templates for them.

In this master class you can bring your own changes. For example, instead of stripes, make a chaotic tear-off composition. Instead of paper, use table napkins with designs.

That’s not all, see what happens in other sections.

Geometry of decor: ideas and patterns for creating interior decorations from paper | crafts fair magazine

Geometric figures made of paper captivate with the clarity, even severity of their lines, while they look very original, and they are very simple to make. With a piece of paper, a glue stick and a few free minutes, you can create amazing home decor with your own hands.

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 1

You can turn them into Christmas tree decorations or chandelier pendants:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 2

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 3

Gift boxes:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 4

Or “cookies” with wishes, predictions, congratulations:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 5

You can stylishly decorate your walls with them:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 6

Or create an unusual art object:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 7

“Flower” composition:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 8

You can make maxi interior decorations for the party:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 9

And mini ones – as comic gifts for guests:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 10

Printouts are cut out along solid lines and folded along dotted lines, then glue is applied to the protruding flaps and assembled into beautiful objects, which, as we have already seen, can be used in completely different ways.

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 11

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 12

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 13

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 14

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 15

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 16

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 17

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 18

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 19

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 20

I also want to share with you a paper model of a real globe. This would be a fun thing to do with children; it looks more like a paper construction set and does not require glue to assemble.

Step-by-step assembly:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 21

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 22

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 23

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 24

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 25

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 26

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 27

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 28

Printouts with consistent scale. You will need one copy of sheets 1-6 and eight copies of sheet 7. It is better to make printouts on paper with the maximum weight available to your printer, or stick thin paper to cardboard or cardstock:

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 29

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 30

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 31

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 32

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 33

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 34

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 35

Get inspired and decorate your home with unusual objects. Happy creativity!
Thank you for your attention.

Геометрия декора идеи и схемы для создания интерьерных украшений из бумаги, фото № 36

Notes on constructing three-dimensional toys from paper and introducing the world around us for children of the middle group on the topic: “mouse”

Goal: Learn to make a three-dimensional figurine of a mouse out of paper.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmAPWeKvr7c

Generalize, systematize, clarify ideas about geometric figures and geometric bodies.

Problems:

Educational

– teach how to select projections for geometric bodies; promote awareness of the significant difference between geometric bodies and geometric figures, memorization of basic terminology (geometric bodies, geometric figures, projections).

Educational

– develop the ability to perceive objects and phenomena in their relationships; develop constructive knowledge aimed at imagination; develop the ability to analyze circuits and structures.

Educating

– To cultivate artistic taste, work culture, curiosity, mutual assistance, independence, interest and objectivity in the buildings of other children.

Paper is one of the simplest, most accessible, and easily processed materials. We become familiar with paper products from early childhood.

Depending on the design and purpose of the product, paper that differs in thickness, texture, texture and color is used. Colored paper, velvet, and cardboard are suitable for applique. For work related to storage, thin writing and colored paper is used. Cardboard, half-canton, thick paper are used for the manufacture of various structures.

There are different types of paper products: products made from strips, products using the appliqué technique, products based on boxes, cones, cylinders; production of various layouts…

Lesson progress

I want to show you the process of making a three-dimensional paper mouse based on cones, it is very simple, accessible, does not take much time, and at the same time, by understanding the basis, you can make other characters from rural life and more using this principle.

Конспект занятия по конструированию из бумаги объемных игрушек «Мышка»

Firstly, to make a paper bunny craft we will need colored paper, scissors, a marker and PVA glue. We choose what color we will have a front sight and get to work. We draw the details of our mouse on a selected sheet of colored paper.

Preparing the details.

Secondly, we cut out parts for our craft from paper of any color: ears, paws, 2 semicircles, for cones. Glue the cone and a small truncated cone together. The truncated cone will be the head, and the long cone will become the base of our mouse.

Thirdly, we draw a muzzle and glue the ears to our mouse.

The final stage.

Fourthly, we glue our mouse. Making a three-dimensional paper mouse craft is complete.

DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Our mouse is ready!

Paper construction. | methodological development on design, manual labor (middle group) on the topic: | educational social network

Paper construction.

Features of constructive activity of preschool children


The name of constructive activity comes from the Latin word constructio – construction.
Children’s construction refers to an activity in which children create various play crafts from various materials (paper, cardboard, wood, special construction kits and construction sets). Construction, more than other types of activities, prepares the ground for the development of children’s technical abilities, which is very important for the comprehensive development of the child’s personality.

Construction from paper, cardboard, boxes, spools and other materials is a more complex type of construction in kindergarten. Children first meet him in the middle group

Basic techniques for teaching design


To teach children to design, it is necessary to use a variety of techniques.
The choice of techniques depends on the requirements of the program for a given age group, on the material with which children work, on their experience in knowledge of objects and existing connections between them, on their design skills.
When determining the program content of a lesson, one should rely on the existing experience of children, constantly complicating educational tasks, developing the ability to independently solve feasible constructive problems.

Kindergarten Education Program plans for this group, in addition to games and activities with building materials, to make crafts from paper, natural and other materials. B

middle group
 around the second quarter of the school year, a new type of activity is introduced – designing from paper, boxes, spools and other materials.
The program is very simple. Children are taught some operations with paper: bend the sheet in half, ensuring that the sides and corners match when folded, glue small parts (windows, doors, pipes, etc.) to the main shape.
The task is to ensure that the first skills that children acquire are mastered, so that when working with paper and paste they strive to complete the task as accurately and thoroughly as possible. Of course, it’s difficult for kids to achieve this on their own. The teacher must help them.
At the same time, from the very beginning, children must learn to control themselves whether they performed this or that operation correctly. When teaching children to glue small parts, you need to pay special attention to the gluing method itself: how to apply glue to the part, how to use a napkin, check whether it is glued well and correctly. It is necessary to cultivate in children the desire to perform all actions correctly, to learn their sequence, and to rejoice at the successful completion of a task. The teacher should pay attention not only to the child completing the toy, but also to whether he is working correctly and whether he understands everything he is learning.

Senior group of kindergarten.

The program in this group provides the following types of construction: from building kits, paper, various boxes and natural materials. But the challenges in teaching design are increasing significantly.
Children acquire a lot of new knowledge and technical skills. In this way, they gradually prepare for school, that is, they learn to carefully perceive tasks and carry them out, independently solve a number of constructive problems, and consciously and persistently master new ways of working.
Children continue to learn to analyze samples of finished crafts and designs, identify essential features in them, group them according to the similarity of the main features, and understand that the differences in the main features in shape and size depend on the purpose of the item.
Children develop the ability to independently examine objects and know how to use them without the help of a teacher. They must be able to identify the main stages of creating structures and independently plan their production, objectively evaluate the quality of their work and the work of their comrades, and find the reasons for failures.
The teacher should pay great attention to children’s games with construction elements, where the techniques they learned in class are reinforced. It is necessary to encourage creative initiative, invention, imagination and ingenuity. And in the older group, children perform work according to samples, according to the conditions proposed by the teacher, on the topic and at their own request.
To design from paper and additional material, children must learn to bend paper in half, in four, in different directions (diagonally, along the center line, along the diameter in a circle), smoothing the folds, and make cuts along the drawn lines to the next fold or line. These skills will help children do more complex work.
To make crafts, thick white and colored paper, thin cardboard, all kinds of boxes and other materials are used. At the end of the lesson, you can invite the child to look at his toy and tell him whether everything was done well, what difficulties there were in the work and what he learned.
The teacher must diversify the tasks. For example, if a kindergarten is located near a pioneer camp, you can teach the children to make a tent from a square sheet of paper, bent diagonally and cut along one fold to the middle. Children glue together two triangles separated by this cut. Glue a flag on top and cut out a door in the shape of the letter “L”. The rest of the camp attributes (sports ground, trees, mast, etc.) are completed by the children themselves, and the teacher helps with advice.
In the spring, you can show children how, by bending paper in different directions, they can make toys out of it: an arrow, a boat, a boat, a helmet (Budenovka). Arrows are good for getting to know the power of the wind; children learn that arrows fly further with the wind, and closer with the wind. You can include moments of competition in the game: whose arrow will fly the farthest? Who will find the most favorable wind direction? The children will also learn that paper boats dipped in molten stearin become strong and can float in streams and pools.

In the preparatory school group
 Great attention is paid to the development of children’s creative imagination. They no longer design according to a ready-made model, but according to their own imagination, sometimes turning to a photograph or drawing. A sample is more often used to compare a three-dimensional toy with its flat pattern. Here children are offered a theme and conditions that a toy or building must meet. Moreover, the conditions themselves are more complex than in the older group, for example, to make animals from natural material that would freely fit into the cages of a zoo made from building material; From a circle cut along a radius, make a toy, the main part of which will be the cone.
Of course, in this group they also use a sample made by the teacher from the material with which the children work. For example, in working with paper, the teacher explains how to make a closed or hollow box from a square sheet of paper divided into 16 small squares, and only then the children use it to make toys according to their own design. At the end of the lesson, you need to discuss with the children who used the technique shown, what are the individual solutions to the problem common to all, and note the most successful ones.
And in this group, design activities are closely related to play. Often children have a desire to remake toys, buildings or make new ones. Of course, good toys must be preserved, and less successful ones must be corrected and improved.

So, in the preparatory group for school, during classes in designing from paper and additional material, children need to master the following methods of work: fold a square sheet of paper into 16 small squares, then make patterns for a cube or bar of the same shape boxes, and only then make toys from them; divide a sheet of paper diagonally; draw a circle using a string and a pencil; make toys by folding a sheet of paper in different directions; prepare paper forms, which children use as parts for making three-dimensional toys (cars, Christmas tree decorations, etc.).
From the first lessons, children are taught to make boxes from a square sheet of paper, first folded into 9 squares. Then they learn how to make a pattern for a house, a basket made of paper folded into 16 squares. If they are making a house, then they find out where the windows and doors will be, then they make cuts on two opposite sides, fold the pattern and glue it together, add some details: a roof, a pipe, a balcony, etc.
This lesson (as well as subsequent ones) can be used to develop spatial orientation, spatial imagination, and the basic ability to see a three-dimensional object in a flat pattern. Children need to be taught how to independently prepare a pattern for a toy, the ability to select its main part, determine its shape, and then make it, adding details that characterize this toy. So, from a cubic box you can make many different toys: a basket, a table, a chair, a box with a lid, etc. It is important that the children themselves find out which objects have a main part that looks like a box, and make the corresponding toy.
To strengthen the ability to see a three-dimensional object in a pattern, it is necessary that each child be able to compare this pattern with the finished product, and then make the toy on their own.
Having children complete the task independently will help the teacher see how correctly the child represents where the individual parts of the product are located on the pattern. The guys always do this kind of work with passion.
Children 6-7 years old can make toys from cardboard, individual parts of which are made movable (the bunny moves its ears, Parsley waves its arms, moves its legs, etc.). For such toys, templates are prepared from thick cardboard. Children trace them on cardboard with a thin pencil, cut them out, paint them, and then connect the parts using thread or wire.
To arouse children’s interest in making such toys, the teacher makes 2-3 toys in the presence of the children, and then offers to try to make the same toy themselves.
Making paper boats, boats soaked in melted stearin, pinwheels, and pigeons is a favorite activity for kids in the spring and summer. A bright pinwheel can be placed outside the window, and children will observe the change in wind force.
An interesting activity for children 6-7 years old is preparing toys for babies. Of course, the teacher needs to monitor this process and help the children in time with advice on how to make this or that toy.

In the senior group
 children perform work according to samples, according to the conditions proposed by the teacher, on the topic and at their own request.

To construct from paper and additional material, children must learn to bend the paper in half, in four, in different directions (diagonally, along the middle line, along the diameter in a circle), smoothing the folds, making cuts along the drawn lines until next fold or line. These skills will help children do more complex work.

In the older group when teaching children methods and techniques
  In paper construction, the teacher mainly uses a step-by-step demonstration of production, demonstration of production methods, examination of the finished sample, questions to children in order to attract their existing experience, etc.

The choice of methods and their use in various combinations in the lesson depends on the learning objectives and the experience of the children.

If a new method of action is used in a lesson when making a craft, then the teacher, firstly, gives the children a craft of a simple design to reproduce, and secondly, shows and explains in detail both the method itself and the sequence its implementation. As children master this method, the teacher moves away from detailed explanations and demonstrations and uses more a ready-made sample, its examination and questions to the children, activating their existing knowledge.

So, for example, when making crafts from cylinders, the teacher does not explain to the children the craft of the cylinder itself, since they are already familiar with the method of making this form, but with questions: “What forms are these toys made of?”, “How roll the strip into a cylinder? – makes children remember the sequence of connecting the parts and shows ways to convey the pose of the figures (for example, for a dog to sit, its front legs are glued a little obliquely).

Or a lesson on making a parachute, the teacher, after examining the finished sample, says to the children: “Remember how to fold a square sheet of paper in half (combine the sides and corners. How to fold a circle in half?” (you need to have one half of the circle coincides with the other). And then he invites the children to tell them what needs to be done to make a parachute. However, if the children find it difficult to answer or answer incorrectly, the teacher prompts the children or corrects them.

In order to attract children’s attention to new types of crafts, the teacher organizes a small exhibition of samples of upcoming work in the manual labor corner a few days before the lesson. For example, before learning how to make crafts from paper cylinders, he shows small compositions at the exhibition

Children of the preparatory school group
 master the production of fairly complex structures that require great technical skills, so a detailed explanation of the sequence of making crafts and demonstrations are used by the teacher quite often.

So, for example, when making a house with balconies made of thin cardboard, the teacher first shows the finished structure of a multi-story building with loggia balconies, and then explains the sequence of work, shows how to fold the sheet, cut it to make balconies, how to glue a house together to make it rectangular. How to make a roof, etc.

When making a pinwheel, the teacher also explains in detail and shows how to cut a square (at the same distance from the center to the line), how to bend the cut corners (one at a time) and glue one on top of the other in the center of the square, how to nail pinwheel to stick, etc. Children decorate their turntable themselves.

However, if the craft uses methods of action already familiar to children, then the teacher limits himself to examining the sample and partial demonstration (for example, in a lesson on making paper furniture) or asking questions to children that activate their existing knowledge. So, for example, during a class on making Christmas tree garlands, ready-made samples are first examined, and then the teacher asks the children how to make them, clarifies the answers, after which the children complete the task independently.

If the craft is quite labor-intensive and requires a lot of time, then the teacher can divide its production into two classes, as is done, for example, when crafting toys with moving parts. At the first lesson, the teacher shows one or two funny little animals that he himself made from cardboard, and says that the children will make the same toys for playing theater, and today they will draw an animal that they come up with on cardboard. Children draw and color according to the design (torso, head, paws, etc.). In the second lesson, children, following the teacher’s demonstration and explanation, make toys from these drawings.

Organizing classes for making toys requires a lot of preliminary preparation, which the teacher sometimes begins several days before the class, involving children in this. Children not only help prepare the material – cut paper, lay it out in shape, etc., but also glue sheets of paper into tubes (blanks for furniture legs) in advance, make appliques of characters for fun toys, etc.

The success of a lesson, according to plan, mainly depends on careful preliminary preparation: the sooner children think about what they want to do, what materials they will need for this, etc., the more interesting and meaningful their crafts.

Working method


In the preparatory group, the main attention is paid to more complex forms of examining objects in order to form generalized ideas about groups of homogeneous objects and establish a connection between the form and the functions that these objects perform in life, as well as to master generalized methods of action. The examination here is also aimed at ensuring that children can see objects in different spatial positions and imagine the sequence of the design process.

This group makes greater demands than the previous ones on children’s ability to plan their work.

Children should know that for successful work it is necessary: ​​to clearly imagine the object, its structure, spatial position; have good technical skills; see the sequence of operations required to make a craft.

The teacher should conduct classes in such a way that children develop an interest in acquiring knowledge.

In the pre-school group, much attention is paid to the development of children’s creative imagination. They no longer design according to a ready-made model, but according to their own imagination, sometimes turning to a photograph or drawing. A sample is more often used to compare a three-dimensional toy with its flat pattern.

In order for children to exchange experiences (in the preparatory group, the work performed is often the result of an individual decision), exhibitions of children’s works should be organized, albums with photographs of buildings and toys should be made. To enrich the children’s impressions, you can create themed albums.

Paper construction in the preparatory group. Origami.

Learning Objectives


The general objectives for teaching paper design for the year of study are:

1. Operating with the basic concepts of origami modeling.

2. Putting the side triangles and sides inside.

3. Secure the folds with a “fold.”

4. Creating a conscious interest in origami. Development of self-control and self-esteem.

Technical skills instilled in children in the process of learning and making origami:


Proficiency with scissors.


Processing a square.


Creating Origami Basics:


a) folding a square in half / along, across, diagonally /

b) folding the sides from one corner to the central fold

c) dividing the square into four parts:


putting the side triangles inside


putting the sides inside


d) folding the square diagonally with the sides folded

e) folding

f) partial bending and insertion of corners

4. Origami applicative design.

5. Composing creative compositions

Master class

  1. Prepare a square of green paper with a side of 12 cm.
  2. Fold 2 opposite sides of the square 1.5 cm and apply glue to them.
    Объёмная аппликация «Ракета»
  3. Glue the blank onto a sheet of blue paper in such a way as to create a three-dimensional rocket body, as shown in the image.
  4. Draw a circle with a radius of 10 cm on green paper, cut it out, then cut off a quarter of the circle.
    аппликация Ракета мастер-класс
  5. Trace the corner and edge of the circle with a red felt-tip pen, as shown in the photo.
  6. Form a cone, securing the edges with glue.
  7. Glue the cone to the top of the rocket body.
  8. Draw a circle with a radius of 6.5 cm on green paper, cut it out and draw a circle with a diameter of 2 cm in the center.
    аппликация Ракета мастер-класс
  9. Fold the circle in half 2 times and cut off the central corner.
  10. Cut the circle into 4 parts. (For work we will need 3 parts of the circle).
  11. Decorate the edges of the 3 blanks with a red felt-tip pen as shown in the image.
  12. Roll the cones and secure with glue.
  13. Glue a couple of stabilizers (cones) on the sides at the bottom of the rocket.
  14. Glue the third cone in the center a little lower.
    аппликация из бумаги пошагово
  15. Cut out 2 rectangles from red and orange paper measuring 2.5 x 5.5 cm.
  16. Make a fringe on them and twist them with scissors.
  17. Glue the orange rectangle on top of the red one, roll it up and glue it inside the stabilizer (cone) as a fire.
    аппликация из бумаги пошагово
  18. Make the flames for the side stabilizers in the same way.
  19. Cut out 4 small stars from yellow paper and glue them in a random pattern to the blue sheet.

Volume applique “Rocket” is ready!

Volumetric toy made of colored paper step by step, diagram with photo

Option No. 1: “Paper Lion Cub”

  1. Prepare the necessary stationery material to make this toy. You will need:
  • colored paper – yellow and orange;
  • white paper;
  • a simple pencil for creating a sketch;
  • red and black pens;
  • glue (if you are working with children, it is better to choose dry glue in the form of a pencil) with scissors and a ruler.
  1. Draw, according to the diagram proposed below, all the details of the future paper lion cub:
  1. Using this pattern, cut out from colored paper those parts that should be either orange or yellow:
  • the lion’s head, tail, paws and ears, as well as the body should be yellow:
  • the lion cub’s tail tuft and mane will be orange;
  • only part of the ears, beard and cheeks of our toy will be white:
  1. Now you need to properly glue the made blanks:
  • first you need to glue the beard to the lion cub’s body:
  • after the glue applied to the body of the toy dries well, it must be rolled into a cone like this:
  • glue the cheeks to one part of the lion cub’s head:
  • to the yellow parts of the ears we immediately glue the white ones, which should be slightly smaller in size:
  • ears can now be glued to the head:
  • so that the head already has a completed look, you need to draw a face on it with pens – nose, eyes, mouth:
  • an orange mane should be glued to the second part of the yellow head (you will get a blank that looks like a sun):
  • at this stage the painted part of the paper lion cub’s head is glued to the mane:
  • we will already have 2 main parts of the toy ready – the head and torso, which means that they can be glued together:
  • Next we make the lion cub’s paws – we roll the paper elements into tubes and glue them together:
  • use glue to attach the paws to the body of the lion cub and immediately draw nails on it with a pen or simply divide them into fingers:
  • now you need to glue the 2 parts of the ponytail together, and then attach a tassel to it:
  • attach the tail to the body of the lion cub – the toy is completely ready:

Option No. 2 “Paper Giraffe”:

  1. We prepare the necessary materials and stationery for making the toy. You will need:
  • yellow cardboard;
  • a brown sheet of colored paper (you can take a regular white one and then color it brown with paints or pencils);
  • scissors with glue;
  • black or dark brown marker:
  1. Roll the yellow cardboard into a cone. Be sure to cut off the excess part so that the cone sits evenly and firmly on the surface:

Volumetric ideas made from natural materials and tree leaves

Let’s quickly run through this section and see how we can use nature’s gifts.

Cereals, dried legumes and even pasta are suitable here.

To do this you need to draw a large picture. Apply PVA glue inside it, onto which you apply tightly to each other to fix the cereal.

Scales from pine cones will help you make a basket, and a hedgehog from postcards will make the idea brighter.

Migratory birds have already created their wedges in the sky. So we’ll depict them from peas, buckwheat and seeds.

In autumn there is not enough warmth and sunshine, let’s make it ourselves.

A whole panel is made from pine cones and withered grass. Also use dried flowers.

The cones lend themselves well to coloring and are very similar to flower buds.

Pumpkin seeds can be another material for creativity.

They are applied to the drawing, fixed with PVA glue.

Seeds are also well painted with gouache. Only after this let them dry, otherwise the child will get all dirty.

Wheat harvests are also possible only in the fall. And they can also be depicted as seeds.

Pistachio shells will add texture and volume to the basket.

Next, let’s look at rowan bunches. It is also well fixed with PVA glue. Just keep in mind that if you use fresh berries, they will begin to dry out after a couple of weeks. The berries will become smaller in volume and shrink.

Fruits can be laid out in a chaotic order or, conversely, tightly next to each other in even rows.

Or use grapes as accent elements.

But let’s look at the rowan tree differently! Let’s take it just for prints.

Don’t have natural berries on hand? No problem, roll it out of napkins in red or bright orange shades. And stick it into the voids of this drawing. You can simply paint over the leaves and twigs.

Below are ideas for umbrellas we already know. But now their decorations are not paper, but real ones made of leaves, berries and dried flowers.

Next, I offer options for panels, for example, in the form of a woman.

Or a bouquet in a vase.

Below we will talk about what can be made from fallen tree leaves.

Lizard, lion and ballerinas – this is not the whole list of ideas. But they definitely deserve attention.

For ballerinas, take these diagrams.

And here is a selection of eagle owls. Just repeat the arrangement of the leaves as in the photo and you will succeed.

Fish-shaped appliqués from leaves are also easy to make.

The jackdaw is created from two maple leaves of different sizes.

Since we’ve moved on to birds, then this kind of bird will definitely win the work competition.

What else is there in autumn? Rain.

Even the leaves get wet from it.

The mushroom theme stands alone. Therefore, we make sure to make such gifts of the forest.

We looked at how you can use the material that nature provides. Below I will tell you what can be made from scrap materials.

Autumn application for students in grades 1,2,3,4 made from paper with templates

Well, now let’s move on to more complex crafts. I’ll say right away that I took some from social networks, so there’s a link there. If you’re interested, type it into a search engine and look there. But here I have selected ones that are more suitable for schoolchildren.

For example, this applique. It is quite complex and requires accuracy. However, a 4th grade student can definitely handle it.

Advice! Use double-sided paper.

I won’t describe the steps, everything can be seen in the picture. This template was used. Please note that the stem of the leaf is not cut off, but falls on the fold. This is fundamentally important.

Next is the “Autumn City” master class.

So, for houses you need to cut 7 roofs: 4 trapezoids and 3 triangles. Our houses will be in the form of rectangles of different sizes. DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Place rectangles on the base and distribute them so that they do not completely cover each other. In other words, create a composition. After this, they can be fixed to the cardboard with glue. Then we put them on the upper sides of the roof and also fix them.

The leaves will be circles, which we will make with a hole punch from different shades. We also cut out tree crowns; they can be uneven in shape. And we finish the craft.

Use pieces of colored paper from which you made leaves with a hole punch. You can put together such a tree. Waste-free production is achieved.

The next craft is with a mouse.

Use this template.

Here’s an idea for an autumn harvest basket. Instead of paper, cotton pads, felt and foamiran are suitable for depicting fruits.

Here is the diagram for the blanks.

Do you want to laugh? Then it’s time to sculpt such a positive acorn.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0wWp-PGeP-I

You need to take two sheets of paper: a brown shade and a yellow or orange one. We cut out two blanks. From a brown shade, a square with sides 6*6 cm. From yellow we make a rectangle 6*5 cm.

Fold the square in half and insert a rectangle into it with the short side. Glue them together.

Next, you need to give the bottom of the rectangle the shape of an acorn or bowl by cutting off the ends. We bend the edges of the brown workpiece on the wrong side.

Draw in the remaining details with a felt-tip pen.

These are such handsome men.

Next in front of you are cool umbrellas. This important element of autumn is reflected in applications.

Below is a step-by-step master class.

To make cones, it is convenient to first draw a circle with a compass. Cut it out. And then cut into 3-4 equal parts.

Leaflet templates can be used those presented in the lower sections of the article.

Based on this idea, such masterpieces are created.

And here is a voluminous idea with a maple leaf and umbrellas.

Advice! When you glue the umbrellas, go beyond the base.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kpx7yQ1iI6E

This diagram will be useful to you.

Next in front of you is a cute dog with a romantic soul.

This is what the details look like.

Another voluminous idea in the form of a pumpkin. You’ve definitely done something like this before. There is absolutely nothing complicated here.

Cut out these parts. Place it on colored paper and trace it. You cut out the blanks or fix them on the base, as in the photo.

Advice! For pumpkin, choose several shades of orange, then it will turn out brighter.

Here is a version of an autumn umbrella with a squirrel.

It can be painted and covered with plasticine. Fill the white voids with cereals, berries or napkins.

You will also like the mushroom basket.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xdm50P3AvTk

By the way, the mushroom itself can be anything: from saffron milk cap to fly agaric.

A dress for the beauty of autumn will not leave any girl indifferent.

Here is a diagram for the details. The skirt can be made from toilet paper or a napkin. Just fold it like an accordion and secure the top part of the workpiece together. You can see it in the photo.

Warm tea is sorely missed in autumn. Typically, these are herbal drinks with lemon, cinnamon and ginger. This is what inspires.

Take the diagram.

By the way, you can make the mug plain!

Open palms inspire confidence. We will also put autumn leaves on them.

Here is the palm template. You need two of them. One side is not cut off, but gets folded.

This is what it should look like on paper. The diagram of the maple leaf will be below.

The squirrel was amused. The work is painstaking, but very nice. I give it for inspiration.

Of course, the most important thing is that the squirrel turns out to be friendly and cheerful.

And then we add any design.

Volumetric basket with paper fly agarics. They can also be repeated from felt or foamiran.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mq5_8PV4XKI


The leaves are folded like an accordion. Here’s a sketch.

You can also take paper helpers. For example, bushings. Flatten them to make an oval. Dip the edge in paint and make imprints in the form of leaves.

Or use it completely in an applique. The inside can be painted or filled with napkin balls.

Like here. Plasticine balls are also suitable for filling.

A little more children’s creativity. Autumn spoils us with rain and clouds. This is what is shown below.

But nature itself is simply beautiful. Especially when the sun comes out. Therefore, we personify her in the form of a beautiful girl with an ornament of flowers, leaves and harvest.

To make the task easier for the child, part of the applique can be drawn. And make some details voluminous.

The composition of the lower craft is interesting. The master made it against the background of a circle. And along the edge he let out branches and moss.

Older guys can repeat this beautiful idea.

Or this one. DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Well, at the end of this section, I’ll show you some cool hedgehogs.

Take a sheet of paper. Fold it in half. In the upper part of the half we draw the face of a hedgehog.

Cut out the nose along the contour.

And we fold the remaining part of the sheet like an accordion.

Glue both ends together.

Decorate them as you wish.

Simple paper models for children

A wonderful souvenir – a heart. It can be cardboard, iron or plastic, it’s up to you to decide which material to choose.

DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Cupid’s Heart and Arrow DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Cow DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Chicken and other small figures DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Small hare
DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

allen dragon DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

alfa romeo papercraft DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Batman arkham
DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Assassin Creed attack
DIY paper crafts are the most interesting. DIY paper crafts: step-by-step master classes for children and adults with photo examples and ideas

Folding and assembling papercraft from paper

Preparing folds. In order for the part to bend in the correct position, you need to go step by step along all the lines. A non-writing pen will help you with this. Bend the element along the dotted lines. Try to fold as evenly as possible and don’t be afraid to apply force, everything will be in its place when assembling.

The bent edge on the outside is generously coated with glue, or you can use narrow double-sided tape, as you prefer. Look for identical numbers and connect them. The process is simple. It develops attentiveness well. The gluing is hidden inside the craft so as not to expose unevenness to everyone.

Don’t rush to connect everything at once; if your fastening method is glue, then you should wait for it to dry completely and then proceed to the remaining parts. From personal experience, we recommend using double-sided tape. Take this as an option. Its use will save your time and nervous system.

In addition to the usual thick adhesive tape, there is also a narrow one. Often, it turns out to be better and lasts longer than regular glue. True, working with it is quite a painstaking task, so immediately prepare tweezers in order to easily remove the protective paper.

For a beginner, paper modeling seems like a rather labor-intensive process, but you just have to try it, and this activity will become one of your family’s favorites.

The gluing procedure is a very responsible matter, as it requires perseverance and maximum care. All joints must match – this is the main secret of success during the joining process. Apply a thin, even layer of glue on both sides. You should move the parts slightly to ensure even distribution. After the parts are in the correct position, they should be pressed tightly and wait until the glue dries.

From time to time you need to use tweezers. These tools are especially useful in the final stages when you have to work inside through a small hole. You should move the parts slightly to ensure even distribution. After the parts are in the correct position, they should be pressed tightly and wait until the glue dries.

From time to time you need to use tweezers or, better yet, surgical forceps. These tools are especially useful in the final stages when you have to work on the inside through a small hole. We use super glue for gluing small parts or if you need to quickly connect something.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sseCtJdlIFY

We would like to warn you that even the smallest defects of a few millimeters can ultimately deform the entire picture.

But if it’s glue, then you should understand which company to give preference to. Check it for stickiness. It is necessary that after complete drying it does not shrink the creation and does not leave marks. In addition, gluing should occur in 15-25 seconds, this moment will show you the quality.

You should also remember about safety precautions. It shouldn’t be toxic. In addition, it should set quickly enough, but not instantly. The last but very important requirement is that the glue should not be toxic. Often crafts are decorated with garlands or light bulbs, turning them into night lights.

Pedagogical work system:

1 block – junior preschool age

3-4 years (training from the second half of the year):

– familiarization with different properties of paper, experimenting with paper (2 lessons);

– lesson “Circus Clown”.

4-5 years:

– familiarization with the properties of paper continues, the range of experimental actions with paper expands significantly (5 lessons);

– mastering more complex techniques: origami and kirigami (each lesson on mastering a new method is played out):

Origami:

– folding a square diagonally;

– folding a square in half in a straight line with opposite sides and corners aligned.

Kirigami:

– making animal figurines with a body on a rectangular base.

Block 2 – senior preschool age

Education for children 5-6 years old takes place in 3 stages.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kTxNpT8R73o

First stage (4 lessons).

Three new origami techniques:

– bending the sides of the rectangle (obtained from a square) to its center;

– bending the lower corners of the triangle (obtained from a square) to its corresponding sides;

– bending the lower corners of a triangle (obtained from a square) to its opposite sides.

New paper sculpture technique:

– twisting a rectangle (obtained from a square) into a cylinder.

The second stage (4 lessons) is the formation in children of the ability to independently use mastered methods to create new, more complex structures by solving problem situations.

The third stage is designing according to children’s own plans (at least three lessons).

Education of children 6-7 years old also takes place in three stages.

First stage (5 lessons)

Four new “volumetric sculpture” techniques:

– twisting the circle into a “low” cone;

– twisting the semicircle into a “high” cone;

– converting a square into a cube and a square into a bar by folding and cutting;

– weaving.

Second stage (at least five lessons) – children are sequentially offered problems of a problematic nature.

The third stage is the design of children according to their own plans (creation of collective compositional works, using all their experience, including design).

Important principles of the training system:

– a combination of individual and collective forms of construction, which made it possible to organize meaningful communication between children, promoting awareness of methods of activity and increasing its productivity;

– ensuring the relationship between construction and other types of children’s activities – playing, drawing, etc.

Main conditions for the development of creative paper design:

– use of different techniques, starting with its simpler forms (crushing, tearing);

– the formation in children of generalized methods of design in the process of mastering complex techniques (origami, three-dimensional sculpture).

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!